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Islamic Defenders Front

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Title: Islamic Defenders Front  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Islamism, Laskar Jihad, Erwin Arnada, Lovely Man, Islam in Indonesia
Collection: Far-Right Politics, Islam in Indonesia, Islamism, Islamism in Indonesia, Islamist Groups, Religious Organizations Established in 1998
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Islamic Defenders Front

Islamic Defenders Front
FPI logo
Front Pembela Islam (FPI)
World map
Zone of influence
Formation 17 August 1998
Founder Muhammad Rizieq Shihab
Type Radical-religious organization
Headquarters Jakarta, Indonesia
Region served
Official language
Muhsin bin Ahmad Alatas, L.c.

The Islamic Defenders Front (Indonesia, notorious for hate crimes and violences in the defense of Islam.[1][2]

There have been calls by Indonesians, including from moderate Muslims, for the group to be banned.[3]


  • Background and aims 1
  • Violence 2
  • Rejection in Central Kalimantan 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Background and aims

The FPI was founded on 17 August 1998 by [4][5] Based on Wikileaks in leaked US diplomatic cables say the FPI receives funding from the police.[6]


The police have recorded that the FPI engaged in 29 cases of violence and destructive behaviour in 2010 and 5 cases in 2011 in the following provinces: West Java, Banten Province, Central Java, North Sumatra and South Sumatra.[7]

They also often threaten the safety and well-being of their targets, as in the case of Lady Gaga's Born This Way tour,[8] violating Indonesian law against violent threat on Kitab Undang-Undang Pidana, pasal 336.[9]

Some targets of their violence are:

  • on 1 June 2008, it staged an attack against members of the National Alliance for the Freedom of Faith and Religion, who were holding a rally near the Monas monument in the city center. This caused outrage, and led to the arrest of FPI leader Rizieq Syihab.[10]
  • In June 2010, along with other organizations, the FPI attacked a meeting on free healthcare in East Java, under the mistaken impression it was a meeting of the banned Communist Party of Indonesia.[5][11]
  • Ahmadiyya Muslims. Three members of the Ahmadiyya community were beaten to death on 6 February at 2011 when a 1,000 strong mob wielding rocks, machetes, swords and spears stormed the house of an Ahmadi leader in Cikeusik, Banten.[12] Hard-line Islamic groups attacked the Ahmadiyah headquarters near Bogor and assaulted its members in many areas such as in East Lombok, Manislor, Tasikmalaya, Parung, Garut, Cikeusik, and other regions as well.[13]
  • Churchgoers at many churches. Notable cases includes GKI Yasmin Bogor, and HKBP Church Bekasi. Using violence to force them to close their church.[14][15] FPI also endorsed Singkil administration on closing around 20 churches at Singkil, Aceh. The Singkil case is problematic, because the local administration law being used is not accordance to the Indonesian constitution which guarantees freedom of religious practices.[16]
  • LBGT activists, such as Lady Gaga [8] and Irshad Manji [17] accused by them as devils.
  • Shops at Garut that sell alcohol.[18]
  • Playboy Indonesia (despite that the Organisation is a frequent collaborator to said Magazine)

Rejection in Central Kalimantan

On February 11, 2012 hundreds of protesters from the local community in

  • (Indonesian) Front Pembela Islam's Official Website
  • (Indonesian) FPI Online
  • (Indonesian) FPI & LPI's History
  • (Indonesian) Sunday, June 1, 2008 Monas provocation chronology

External links

  1. ^ Yudi Pramuko (2006) Habib-FPI gempur Playboy?! : rahasia sukses dakwah/ Syahrul Efendi D., Yudi Pramuko Jakarta. ISBN 979-99634-3-5 Revision of the author's thesis (S-1)--Institut Perguruan Tinggi Ilmu Alquran, 2002.
  2. ^ Frost, Frank; Rann, Ann; Chin, Andrew. "Terrorism in Southeast Asia". Parliament of Australia, Parliamentary Library. Retrieved 2010-11-30. 
  3. ^ Suryakusuma, Julia (12 June 2008). "'"INDONESIA'S 'ISLAMOFASCISTS. Straits Times. Retrieved 2010-11-30. 
  4. ^ Budi Setiyarso; et al. (30 November 2010), "Street Warriors", Tempo magazine, English edition: 41 
  5. ^ a b "Indonesia: Implications of the Ahmadiyah Decree" (PDF). International Crisis Group Update Briefing (Jakarta/Brussels: International Crisis Group) (78). 7 July 2008. Retrieved 2010-11-30. 
  6. ^ "WikiLeaks: National Police funded FPI hard-liners". September 5, 2011. 
  7. ^ "FPI Involved in 34 Violence Cases in 2010-2011". February 19, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Lady Gaga 'devastated' as Indonesia concert cancelled". 
  10. ^ "Hard-liners ambush Monas rally".  
  11. ^ "‘Deplorable’ FPI Strikes Again".  
  12. ^ "Indonesia: Ahmadiyya killings verdicts will not stem discrimination". 
  13. ^ "Indonesia's Ahmadis Look for a Home in Novel". 
  14. ^ "Masalah GKI Yasmin Jadi Catatan Dunia". 
  15. ^ "Bekasi FPI Leader Murhali Implicated in Stabbing of HKBP Church Elder". 
  16. ^ "Catatan Kronologis Penyegelan Gereja-gereja di Aceh Singkil". 
  17. ^ "'"Irshad Manji book tour in Indonesia runs into trouble with Islamic ‘thugs. 
  18. ^ "Garut Police Take a Stance Against FPI". 
  19. ^ "Senior FPI officials booted out of Palangkaraya". February 11, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Central Kalimantan officially rejects FPI". February 23, 2012. 


[20] A formal letter from the Central Kalimantan administration stated that they firmly rejected the FPI and would not let them establish a chapter in the province because it contradicts the local wisdom of the Dayak tribe that upholds peace. The letter was sent to the Minister of Coordination of Political, Legal and Security Affairs with copies being sent to the President of Indonesia, the People's Consultative Assembly Chief, the Speaker of the House, the Chief of the Constitutional Court, the Home Minister and the National Police Chief.[19]

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