World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Italian fertility laws referendum, 2005

Article Id: WHEBN0034200011
Reproduction Date:

Title: Italian fertility laws referendum, 2005  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Italian electoral law referendum, 2009, Politics of Italy, List of legislatures of the Italian Republic, Foreign relations of Italy, Council of Ministers (Italy)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Italian fertility laws referendum, 2005

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Foreign relations

A four-part referendum on fertility laws was held in Italy on 12 June 2005.[1] Voters were asked whether research and access to the research on embryos should be limited, whether embryos should be legally recognised as people and whether IVF treatment should be limited to three embryos.[2][3] The referendum was called after the Italian Radicals collected the 500,000 signatures required.[3] Although all four proposals were approved by wide margins, the voter turnout of 26% was well below the 50% threshold and the results were invalidated.[2] Pope Benedict XVI had called for a boycott.[4]


Scrapping limitations on clinical and experimental research on embryos

Choice Votes %
For 10,743,710 88.0
Against 1,461,217 12.0
Invalid/blank votes 532,691
Total 12,737,618 100
Registered voters/turnout 49,648,425 25.7
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Scrapping limits on access to research on embryos

Choice Votes %
For 10,819,909 88.8
Against 1,367,288 11.2
Invalid/blank votes 551,200
Total 12,738,397 100
Registered voters/turnout 49,648,425 25.7
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Scrapping the legal definition of embryos as people

Choice Votes %
For 10,663,125 87.7
Against 1,492,042 12.3
Invalid/blank votes 579,766
Total 12,734,933 100
Registered voters/turnout 49,648,425 25.7
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Allowing IVF treatment with donated eggs or sperm

Choice Votes %
For 9,391,161 78.2
Against 2,744,895 21.8
Invalid/blank votes 590,080
Total 12,726,136 100
Registered voters/turnout 49,648,425 25.6
Source: Nohlen & Stöver


  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1049 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, pp1063-1064
  3. ^ a b Poor turnout for Italy's fertility referendum BioNews, 13 June 2005
  4. ^ Pope backs boycott of Italy's referendum on assisted fertility Los Angeles Times, 31 May 2005
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.