World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

James Carroll (scientist)

James Carroll
James Carroll
Born June 5, 1854
Woolwich, England
Died September 16, 1907
Washington, D.C.
Nationality United States
Alma mater University of Maryland

Major James Carroll (June 5, 1854-September 16, 1907)[1] was a US Army physician.

Carroll was born in England. He moved to Canada in 1874, and enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1874. He graduated with an M.D. from the University of Maryland in 1891. After graduating Carroll studied bacteriology under Dr. William H. Welch at Johns Hopkins Hospital and assisted Walter Reed in pathology laboratories. Carroll and Reed later worked together at the Army Medical Museum in Washington and the Columbia University Medical School.[2] In 1900 he served as an American physician and a member of the Yellow Fever Commission in Cuba, along with Walter Reed, Jesse William Lazear, and Aristides Agramonte. He and Lazear subjected themselves to the bite of infectious mosquitoes to test the theory that mosquitoes were carriers of yellow fever. Lazear died, but Carroll recovered and completed the last, official experiments of the Yellow Fever Commission. After a trip to Washington D.C., Carroll returned to Cuba for additional studies in which he proved that blood from active cases of yellow fever contained sub-microscopic infective agents.[3] In 1904, with permission from Army Surgeon-General Robert Maitland O'Reilly, Carroll tested an oral typhoid fever vaccine on himself and 12 other volunteers from the military. Due to faulty vaccine preparation by lab personnel, seven men came down with the disease. They all survived, but the Office of the Surgeon General did not publicize the results. [4] The yellow fever infection Carroll contracted eventually killed him. [5]

References

  1. ^ Hellemans, Alexander; Bunch, Bryan (1988). The Timetables of Science.  
  2. ^ Yellow Fever & the Reed Commission: The Walter Reed Yellow Fever Commission in Cuba, http://exhibits.hsl.virginia.edu/yellowfever/commission/ Claude Moore Health Sciences Library. University of Virginia.
  3. ^ Philip S. Hench Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection: The United States Army Yellow Fever Commission (1900 - 1901), http://yellowfever.lib.virginia.edu/reed/commission.html Claude Moore Health Sciences Library. University of Virginia.
  4. ^ Walter Reed Typhoid Fever, 1897-1911, Vaccination, http://exhibits.hsl.virginia.edu/typhoid/looking_forward/ Claude Moore Health Sciences Library. University of Virginia.
  5. ^ Asimov, Asimov's Biographical Encyclopedia of Science and Technology 2nd Revised edition

External links

  • Death of Dr. James Carroll from Yellow Fever Experimentation
  • James Carroll page at Arlington National Cemetery website
  • Biography
  • University of Virginia Health Sciences Library, A Guide to the Philip S. Hench Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection This extensive collection includes 154 boxes of items. It includes documents related to Carroll's work and copies of correspondence to and from Carroll.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.