World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jan Patočka

Article Id: WHEBN0000940461
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jan Patočka  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Charter 77, People by year/Reports/No other categories/2, František Patočka, Václav Bělohradský, Czech philosophy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Jan Patočka

Jan Patočka
Jan Patočka (1971)
Photo: Jindřich Přibík
Born (1907-06-01)1 June 1907
Turnov, Bohemia
Died 13 March 1977(1977-03-13) (aged 69)
Era 20th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy

Jan Patočka (1 June 1907 – 13 March 1977) was a Czech philosopher. Due to his contributions to phenomenology and the philosophy of history he is considered one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century. Having studied in Prague, Paris, Berlin and Freiburg, he was one of the last pupils of Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger. During his studies in Freiburg he was also tutored by Eugen Fink, a relation which eventually turned into a lifelong philosophical friendship.


  • Early life 1
  • Works 2
  • List of works 3
    • In English 3.1
  • Works on Patočka 4
  • Bibliography 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Patočka attended Jan Neruda Grammar School.


His works mainly dealt with the problem of the original, given world (Lebenswelt), its structure and the human position in it. He tried to develop this basically Husserlian concept under the influence of some core Heideggerian themes (e.g. historicity, technicity, etc.) On the other hand, he also criticised Heideggerian philosophy for not dealing sufficiently with the basic structures of being-in-the-world, which are not truth-revealing activities (this led him to an appreciation of the work of Hegel's and Schelling's works into Czech.

Apart from his writing on the problem of the Lebenswelt, he wrote interpretations of presocratic and classical Greek philosophy and several longer essays on the history of Greek ideas in the formation of our concept of Europe. He also entered into discussions about modern Czech philosophy, art, history and politics.

Patočka's Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History is analyzed at length and with much care in Jacques Derrida's important book The Gift of Death. Derrida was the most recent person who wrote or conversed with Patočka's thought; Paul Ricoeur and Roman Jakobson (who respectively wrote the preface and afterword to the French edition of the Heretical Essays...) are two further examples.

Grave of Jan Patočka, Břevnov cemetery, Prague

During the years 1939–1945, when the Czech universities were closed, as well as between 1951–1968 and from 1972 on, Patočka was banned from teaching. Only a few of his books were published and most of his work circulated only in the form of typescripts kept by students and disseminated mostly after his death. Along with other banned intellectuals he gave lectures at the so-called "Underground University", which was an informal institution that tried to offer a free, uncensored cultural education. In January 1977 he became one of the original signatories and main spokespersons for the Charter 77 (Charta 77) human rights movement in Czechoslovakia. For the three months after the Charter was released he was intensely active writing and speaking about the meaning of the Charter, in spite of his deteriorating health. He was also interrogated by the police regarding his involvement with the Charter movement, and on March 3, 1977 he was held by the police for ten hours, who had claimed that he would be allowed to speak in his role as a Charter spokesperson with a high-ranking official (in fact, this was a pretext to keep him from attending a reception at the West German embassy[1]). He fell ill that evening and was taken to the hospital, where his health briefly improved, enabling him to give one final interview with Die Zeit and to write one final essay entitled "What We Can Expect from Charter 77." On March 11 he relapsed, and on March 13 he died of apoplexy, at the age of 69.

His brother František Patočka was a microbiologist.

List of works

  • The Natural World As a Philosophical Problem [Přirozený svět jako filosofický problém]
  • An Introduction to Husserl's Phenomenology [Úvod do Husserlovy fenomenologie]
  • Aristotle, his Predecessors and his Heirs [Aristoteles, jeho předchůdci a dědicové]
  • Body, Community, Language, World [Tělo, společenství, jazyk, svět]
  • Negative Platonism [Negativní platónismus]
  • Plato and Europe [Platón a Evropa]
  • Who are the Czechs? [Co jsou Češi?]
  • Care for the Soul [Péče o duši]
  • Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History [Kacířské eseje o filosofii dějin]

In English

  • “Wars of the Twentieth Century and the Twentieth Century as War”. Telos 30 (Winter 1976-77). New York: Telos Press.
  • Body, Community, Language, World. Translated by Erazim Kohák. Edited by James Dodd. Chicago, IL: Open Court, 1998.
  • Heretical Essays in the Philosophy of History. Translated by Erazim Kohák. Edited by James Dodd. Chicago, IL: Open Court, 1996.
  • An Introduction to Husserl's Phenomenology. Translated by Erazim Kohák. Edited by James Dodd. Chicago, IL: Open Court, 1996.
  • Plato and Europe. Translated by Petr Lom. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2002.

Works on Patočka

  • Renaud Barbaras, Le mouvement de l'existence. Etudes sur la phénoménologie de Jan Patočka, Les Editions de la transparence, 2007
  • Erazim Kohák, Jan Patočka: Philosophy and Selected writings.
  • Jacques Derrida, The Gift of Death
  • Edward F. Findlay, Caring for the soul in a postmodern age : politics and phenomenology in the thought of Jan Patočka
  • Marc Crépon, Altérités de l'Europe
  • Jan Patočka and the European Heritage, Studia Phaenomenologica VII (2007) - Ivan Chvatik (guest editor)


  • Jan Patočka's Bibliography


  1. ^ John Bolton, Worlds of Dissent (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012), p. 159.

External links

  • The Jan Patočka Archive in Prague
  • Daniel Epstein, Let us not despair of Europe, let us not despair of ourselves, Eretz Acheret Magazine
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.