World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jan van Brakel

Article Id: WHEBN0002295898
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jan van Brakel  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: HNLMS Jan van Brakel (F825), Battle of Solebay, 17th-century Dutch military personnel, List of Dutch naval heroes, 1630s births
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jan van Brakel

Rear Admiral Jan van Brakel

Jan van Brakel (ca. 1638 – 10 July 1690) was a Dutch Rear Admiral who distinguished himself on many occasions during the Second and Third Anglo-Dutch wars and the Nine Years War. Almost nothing is known about Van Brakels early career; we know neither his year of birth (estimates have varied from 1618 till 1642) nor his backgrounds. It used to be thought that he was the son of Commodore Pieter van Brakel, who was killed in the Second Anglo-Dutch War while defending a convoy of merchant ships, but this has become very unlikely now that we know Pieter van Brakel was himself born in 1624.

The first time Van Brakel appears in the documents is in 1666 when he was appointed by the Admiralty of de Maze (Rotterdam) as acting captain (with the rank of lieutenant) of a fireship, the Rotterdam, that participated in the Four Days Battle. Apparently he already had been a lieutenant in 1665. Fireships were often manned by the most desperate elements in society; the humility of his origins might explain the fact they were never mentioned. At the St. James's Day Battle, having spent another fireship and returning with his crew in sloops, he saved the Gelderland, the flagship of Lieutenant-Admiral Willem Joseph van Ghent from an attack by an English fireship. Because of the courage shown he was on 22 September 1666 promoted captain of a regular ship, which was rare for a fireship commander. In 1667, while in command of the frigate Vrede, he became one of the heroes of the Raid on the Medway and was given the honourable task of triumphantly towing the captured English flagship Royal Charles out of the Medway River. The same year he was promoted full captain on 17 December.

In 1672 at the Battle of Solebay (the first battle of the Third Anglo-Dutch War), van Brakel served as captain of the Groot Hollandia, and played a major part in the burning of the HMS Royal James. In 1673 he continued to fight with distinction at the battles of the Schooneveld and Texel, as captain of the Voorzichtigheid.

On 5 April 1684 he was promoted to Rear Admiral for the Admiralty of Amsterdam); four years later he, as a temporary Vice-Admiral (from October 1688 till January 1689), was part of the fleet that brought William III to England in the invasion that led to the Glorious Revolution. From 1688 forward he served on the amalgamated Anglo-Dutch fleet until he was killed in the Battle of Beachy Head. His grave memorial is in the St. Laurens Church in Rotterdam.

The Hr.Ms. Jan van Brakel was a Dutch naval vessel (frigate) named after him.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.