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Japanese Third Area Army

Japanese Third Area Army
Active October 29, 1943 - August 15, 1945
Country Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Role Field Army
Garrison/HQ Mukden
Nickname 強 (Kyō = “mighty”)
Engagements Soviet invasion of Manchuria

The Japanese Third Area Army (第3方面軍 Dai san hōmen gun) was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II, based in southern Manchukuo and active in combat against the Soviet Union in the very final stages of the war.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • List of Commanders 2
    • Commanding officer 2.1
    • Chief of Staff 2.2
  • References 3
    • Books 3.1
  • External links 4
  • Notes 5

History

The Japanese 3rd Area Army was formed on October 29, 1943 under the control of the Kwantung Army as a military reserve and garrison force to maintain security and public order in southern Manchukuo as many veteran divisions of the Kwantung Army were transferred to the various southern fronts in the Pacific War. It consisted mostly of minimally-trained reservists, conscripted students and home guard militia, without adequate weapons or supplies.[2] The 3rd Area Army was headquartered in Mukden.

The units of the 3rd Area Army proved to be no match for the Red Army when the Soviet Union invaded Manchukuo towards the end of World War II. General Jun Ushiroku refused orders from Kwantung Army Headquarters to retreat, and launched a counterattack along the Mukden–Port Arthur railway, along which many Japanese civilians were fleeing. However, General Uchiroku was hampered by lack of armor and by insufficient ammunition, and by August 13, 1945, his formations were largely shattered. A mutiny by the Manchukuo Imperial Army at Shinkyō ended his attempts to regroup.[3] Many surviving soldiers of the 3rd Area Army, including General Ushiroku, became prisoners in Siberia and other parts of the Soviet Union after the surrender of Japan on August 15, 1945.

List of Commanders

Commanding officer

Name From To
1 Lieutenant General Naozaburo Okabe 29 October 1943 25 August 1944
2 General Jun Ushiroku 25 August 1944 15 August 1945

Chief of Staff

Name From To
1 Major General Yo Watanabe 29 October 1943 26 October 1944
2 Major General Masao Yano 26 October 1944 23 March 1945
3 Major General Kazama Otsubo 23 March 1945 23 March 1945

References

Books

  • Frank, Richard B (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House.  
  • Glantz, David (2003). The Soviet Strategic Offensive in Manchuria, 1945 (Cass Series on Soviet (Russian) Military Experience, 7). Routledge.  
  • Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing.  
  • Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW. 
  • Marston, Daniel (2005). The Pacific War Companion: From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima. Osprey Publishing.  
  • Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi. Racing the Enemy: Stalin, Truman, and the Surrender of Japan. Belknap Press.  

External links

  • Wendel, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook". Japanese Third Area Army. 

Notes

  1. ^ Jowett, The Japanese Army 1931-45
  2. ^ Frank, Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire
  3. ^ Glantz, The Soviet Strategic Offensive in Manchuria, 1945
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