World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jazz (Henri Matisse)

Article Id: WHEBN0003222064
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jazz (Henri Matisse)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Henri Matisse, Artists' books, Jazz (disambiguation), Linee, An Anna Blume
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jazz (Henri Matisse)

Cover of Jazz by Henri Matisse

Henri Matisse’s Jazz is a limited edition artist’s book containing prints of colorful cut paper collages, accompanied by the artist’s written thoughts. It was first issued on September 30, 1947, by art publisher Tériade. The portfolio, characterized by vibrant colors, poetic texts, and circus and theater themes, marks Matisse’s transition to a new form of medium.[1]

Contents

  • Original creation 1
  • List of prints 2
  • References and sources 3
  • External links 4

Original creation

Diagnosed with abdominal cancer in 1941, Matisse underwent surgery that left him chair and bed bound. Limited in mobility, he could no longer paint or sculpt. Instead, he cut forms from colored paper that he arranged as collages, and decoupage which became known as the “cut-outs.”[2]

That same year, at the age of 74, Matisse began Jazz. His assistants helped prepare the collages for printing, using a stencil process known as pochoir in French. He worked on the series for two years, utilizing this new method that linked drawing and color—two important elements in Matisse’s work.[3]

The designs were initially intended as covers for Verve, a French art magazine published by Tériade. In 1947, Tériade issued the compositions in an artist’s portfolio. The book included 20 color prints, each about 16 by 26 inches, as well as Matisse’s handwritten notes expressing his thoughts throughout the process. Tériade gave it the title Jazz, which Matisse liked because it suggested a connection between art and musical improvisation. Despite the low number of books printed, Jazz was well received.[4][5]

The circus, the title originally suggested for the book, provided inspiration for the majority of the motifs concerning performing artists and balancing acts. “These images, with their lively and violent tones, derive from crystallizations of memories of circuses, folktales, and voyages,” Matisse explains in the accompanying text.[6] The figure of the circus artist, usually depicted alone, is often seen as a metaphor for the artist himself.

The first prints illustrating the circus do not seem to have an immediate connection to the succeeding works. However, these compositions are viewed as metaphors of life. The overall themes in Jazz derive from biographical elements, such as Matisse's recollection of his travels to Tahiti in the Lagoons (XVII-XIX), as well as broader aspects including love (V, VI), death (X), and fate (XVI).[7]

List of prints

The titles of the individual sheets, together with supplementary explanations by his assistant Lydia Delectorskaya, in English translation are:
I The Clown
II The Circus
III Monsieur Loyal (a well-known Parisian circus director in the nineteenth century)
IV The Nightmare of the White Elephant
V The Horse, the Rider and Clown
VI The Wolf (i.e. the wolf from Red Riding Hood, the fairy tale by Charles Perrault. It is also an allusion to Hitler, i.e. contemporary history)
VII The Heart
VIII Icarus
IX Forms
X Pierrot's Funeral
XI The Codomas (two famous trapeze artists)
XII The Swimmer in the Tank (a memory of a performance Matisse saw in the aquarium of the Folies-Bergère)
XIII The Sword Swallower
XIV The Cowboy
XV The Knife Thrower
XVI Destiny
XVII Lagoon I
XVIII Lagoon II
XIX Lagoon III
XX Toboggan (slide)[8]

References and sources

References
  1. ^ Matisse, Henri (2001). Jazz. New York: Prestel Publishing. p. 9.  
  2. ^ Cotter, Holland (October 9, 2014), "Wisps From an Old Man’s Dreams ‘Henri Matisse: The Cut-Outs,’ a Victory Lap at MoMA", New York Times, retrieved February 17, 2015 
  3. ^ Henri Matisse’s Joyful, Poetic Works Created in the Midst of War, Cantor Arts Center, retrieved April 6, 2015 
  4. ^ Henri Matisse’s Joyful, Poetic Works Created in the Midst of War, Cantor Arts Center, retrieved April 6, 2015 
  5. ^ Matisse, Henri (2001). Jazz. New York: Prestel Publishing. p. 9.  
  6. ^ Matisse, Henri (2001). Jazz. New York: Prestel Publishing. p. 13.  
  7. ^ Berggruen, Olivier; Hollein, Max (2006). Henri Matisse: Drawing with Scissors: Masterpieces from the Late Years. New York: Prestel Publishing. p. 23.  
  8. ^ Berggruen, Olivier; Hollein, Max (2006). Henri Matisse: Drawing with Scissors: Masterpieces from the Late Years. New York: Prestel Publishing. p. 33.  
Sources
  • Jazz by Henri Matisse, introduction by Riva Castleman, George Braziller 1983 ISBN 0-8076-1075-5
  • Jazz by Henri Matisse, introduction by Dominique Szymusiak, Editions Anthese 2005 [2]

External links

  • by Henri MatisseJazzGreg Kucera essay on
  • title pageJazz, Sword Swallower, Icarus, The Cowboy by Henri Matisse
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.