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Jessye Norman

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Jessye Norman

Jessye Norman, 2014, during a master class in Cooperstown, New York

Jessye Mae Norman (born September 15, 1945) is an American Spingarn Medalist.[3] Apart from receiving several honorary doctorates and other awards, she has also received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, the National Medal of Arts, and is a member of the British Royal Academy of Music.

Contents

  • Life and career 1
    • Early life and musical education 1.1
    • Early career (1969–1979) 1.2
    • Mid-career (1980–1989) 1.3
    • Later career (1990–present) 1.4
    • The Jessye Norman School of the Arts 1.5
  • Memoir 2
  • Opera roles 3
  • Oratorio and orchestral parts performed 4
  • Concert and recital work 5
  • Voice type 6
  • Honors and awards 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

Life and career

Early life and musical education

Norman was born in

  • Jessye Norman discography at Discogs
  • Jessye Norman's School for the Arts Official Site

External links

Further reading

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Jessye, Kham.com.tw.
  2. ^ a b Jessye Norman's Biography, Last.fm.
  3. ^ Meg Mirshak (17 July 2013). "Augusta native Jessye Norman receives NAACP's top honor". The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Jessye Norman Biography, Allmusic.com.
  5. ^ As recounted by Norman during her appearance on The Late Show with David Letterman (broadcast November 21, 2014)
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Jessye Norman, Musicianguide.com.
  7. ^ a b Past Winners, National Society of Arts and Letters.
  8. ^ Jessye Norman, UXL Newsmakers.
  9. ^ a b Jessye Norman, Inspired Minds.
  10. ^ a b Jessye Norman, African American World, PBS. Article by Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Jessye Norman (born 1945), New Georgia Encyclopedia.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jessye Norman (Soprano), Bach-cantatas.com.
  13. ^ Norman, Jessye Biography, Enotes.com.
  14. ^ About Jessye Norman, The Jessye Norman School of the Arts, Rachel Longstreet Foundation.
  15. ^ Brackett, Charmaign (November 5, 2012). "Opera stars will sing for Jessye Norman School of the Arts fundraiser". The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  16. ^ Jessye Norman: Operatic Stage Roles, Brainyday.com.
  17. ^ Tavis Smiley, season 7, episode 370, Jessye Norman
  18. ^ "Capturing the Flag", San Francisco Classical Voice (1982)
  19. ^ a b c Jessye Norman Biography, Notable Biographies.
  20. ^ a b c d e Jessye Norman: Accolades, Brainyday.com.
  21. ^ Tomasson, Robert E. "Chronicle", The New York Times, May 4, 1990.
  22. ^ Jessye Norman, Picture Story, Augusta.com.
  23. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 1709. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  24. ^ "Sidney Poitier, Jessye Norman and Ed Bradley honored at New York's Associated Black Charities Black History Makers Awards Dinner, Jet, March 3, 1997.
  25. ^ "View Inductees: Norman, Jessye". classicalwalkoffame.org. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  26. ^ White House Announces 2009 National Medal of Arts Recipients
  27. ^ a b "Jessye Norman To Receive Radcliffe Medal", Harvard University Gazette.
  28. ^ "Jessye Norman, performs at the Opera House", Tell Us Detroit.
  29. ^ "NAACP: Last night, Jessye Norman ...". Twitter. NAACP. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 

References

Honors and awards

Over the years Norman's technical expertise has been among her most critically praised attributes. In a review of one of her recitals at New York City's Carnegie Hall, New York Times contributor Allen Hughes wrote that Norman "has one of the most opulent voices before the public today, and, as discriminating listeners are aware, her performances are backed by extraordinary preparation, both musical and otherwise." Another Carnegie Hall appearance prompted these words from New York Times contributor Bernard Holland: "If one added up all the things that Jessye Norman does well as a singer, the total would assuredly exceed that of any other soprano before the public. At Miss Norman's recital ... tones were produced, colors manipulated, words projected and interpretive points made—all with fanatic finesse."[6]

Some vocal critics assert that Norman is not a dramatic soprano but in fact has a rare soprano voice type known as a Falcon. The Falcon voice is closer to a mezzo soprano timbre, but closer to a dramatic soprano tessitura. Falcon roles specifically refer to parts roles written to be sung by sopranos instead of mezzos, as was written for Falcon. The roles are thus often sung by lyric mezzos. This mix of sound is why many fans, conductors, and critics immediately refer to her as a soprano or a mezzo with complete assurance and fair accuracy. Norman, however, refuses to place any labels on her voice. At the age of twenty-three, when asked by an interviewer in Germany how she would characterize her voice, she replied that "pigeonholes are only comfortable for pigeons."[17]

Norman is most often referred to as a dramatic soprano but unlike most dramatic sopranos, Norman has become known for roles more traditionally sung by other types of voices. From her student days Norman had been selective about her repertoire, heeding her own instincts and interests more than the advice of her teachers or requests of her management. In the beginning of her career, this tendency put her at odds with the Deutsche Opera and compelled her to seek out musical works on her own that she felt were more suitable to her vocal skills. Norman told John Gruen of the New York Times, "As for my voice, it cannot be categorized—and I like it that way, because I sing things that would be considered in the dramatic, mezzo or spinto range. I like so many different kinds of music that I've never allowed myself the limitations of one particular range."[6]

Voice type

[6] at Carnegie Hall.Kathleen Battle, which contains numbers from films and musical comedies, and a 1990 performance of American spirituals with soprano With a Song in My Heart Other projects have included her 1984 album [4] by composer woman.life.song Norman premiered the song cycle

Norman frequently collaborates with the world's best symphony orchestras, chamber ensembles, and other classical solo artists in her recital work. She has performed with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, New York Philharmonic, London Philharmonic, Israel Philharmonic, Orchestre de Paris, Stockholm Philharmonic, Vienna Philharmonic, and Berlin Philharmonic to name a few.[12]

Throughout her career, Norman has spent much of her time giving recitals and concerts. In addition to operatic Norman has given regular recitals encompassing the classical German repertory as well as contemporary masterpieces, such as Schoenberg's Gurre-Lieder and the French moderns, which she invariably performed in the original tongue.[12] This combination of scholarship and artistry contributed to her consistently successful career as one of the most versatile concert and operatic singers of her time. Often cited for her innovative programming and fervent advocacy of contemporary music, she has earned the recognition of "one of those once-in-a-generation singers who isn’t simply following in the footsteps of others, but is staking out her own niche in the history of singing."[12]

Concert and recital work

These are among the notable oratorio and orchestral parts that Norman has performed, some on studio recordings only.[6]

Oratorio and orchestral parts performed

These are notable opera roles that Norman has performed, some on studio recordings only.[16]

Opera roles

On May 6, 2014, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt published Norman's memoir, Stand Up Straight and Sing!

Memoir

[15] In 2003, the Rachel Longstreet Foundation and Norman partnered to open the

The Jessye Norman School of the Arts

In March 2014, Norman was featured at the Duke Ellington and Ella Fitzgerald.

In March 2013, the Apollo Theater and Manhattan School of Music featured Norman in Ask Your Mama, a 90-minute multimedia show by Laura Karpman based on Langston Hughes’s “Ask Your Mama: 12 Moods for Jazz”.

Norman no longer performs ensemble opera, concentrating instead on recitals and concerts.[11] She serves on the Boards of Directors for Carnegie Hall, the New York Public Library, the New York Botanical Garden, City-Meals-on-Wheels in New York City, Dance Theatre of Harlem, National Music Foundation, and Elton John AIDS Foundation. She is a member of the board as well as a National spokesperson for the S.L.E. Lupus Foundation, and spokesperson for Partnership for the Homeless. Norman serves on the Board of Trustees of Paine College and the Augusta Opera Association.[12]

In March 2009, Norman curated Honor!, a celebration of the African American cultural legacy. The festival honored African American trailblazers and artists with concerts, recitals, lectures, panel discussions, and exhibitions hosted by Carnegie Hall, the Apollo Theater, the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, and other sites around New York City.

On March 11, 2002, Norman performed "Richmond County. Classes commenced at St. John United Methodist Church in the fall of 2003. In November 2004, a documentary of Miss Norman's life and work was created. This film, directed by André Heller, with Othmar Schmiderer as director of photography and produced by DOR-Film of Vienna, chronicles the music, the social and political issues, and the inspiration and dreams that have combined to make the singer unique in her profession.[14] In 2006, Norman collaborated with the modern dance choreographer, Trey McIntyre, for a special performance during the summer at the Vail, Colorado Dance Festival.[1]

On June 28, 2001, she and light lyric coloratura soprano Kathleen Battle performed Vangelis' Mythodea at the Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens, Greece.

In 1999 Norman collaborated with choreographer-dancer Bill T. Jones in a project for New York City's Lincoln Center, called "How! Do! We! Do!" In 2000 she released an album, I Was Born in Love with You, featuring the songs of Michel Legrand. The recording, reviewed as a jazz crossover project, featured Legrand on piano, Ron Carter on bass, and Grady Tate on drums. In February and March 2001, Norman was featured at Carnegie Hall in a three-part concert series. With James Levine as her pianist, the concerts were a significant arts event, replete with an 80-page program booklet featuring a newly commissioned watercolor portrait of Norman by David Hockney. In 2002, Norman performed at the opening of Singapore's Esplanade Theatres on the bay.[1]

Starting in the mid-1990s, Norman began to move away from soprano stage roles and migrated to mezzo soprano roles.[6] She performed at the opening ceremonies of the Tel Aviv. The following season also brought performances of the sacred music of Duke Ellington to London and Vienna, together with a summer European tour, which included performances at the Salzburg Festival.[12]

Since the early 1990s Norman has lived in Croton-on-Hudson, New York, in a secluded estate known as "The White Gates" which was previously owned by television personality Allen Funt. In 1990, Norman performed at Tchaikovsky's 150th Birthday Gala in Leningrad and she made her Lyric Opera of Chicago début in the title role of Gluck's Alceste. In 1991 she sang for the 700th Celebration Party of Swiss National Day.[1] That same year, she performed in a concert recorded live with Lawrence Foster and the Lyon Opera Orchestra amid the tantalizing acoustics at Paris's Notre Dame Cathedral.[6] In 1992 Norman sang Jocasta in Stravinsky's Oedipus rex at the opening operatic production at the new Saito Kinen Festival in the Japanese Alps near Matsumoto.[12] In 1993, she sang the title role in the Metropolitan Opera's production of Richard Strauss's Ariadne auf Naxos. In 1994, Norman sang at the funeral of former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. In September 1995, she was again the featured soloist with the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, this time under Kurt Masur's direction, in a gala concert telecast live to the nation by PBS marking the opening of the orchestra's 153rd season. In 1996 Norman gave a highly lauded performance as the title character in the Metropolitan Opera's premiere production of Janáček's The Makropulos Affair.

Later career (1990–present)

Also in 1989, Norman was invited to sing the French national anthem, La Marseillaise, to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution on July 14. Her rendition was delivered at the Place de la Concorde in Paris, in a costume designed by Azzedine Alaïa as part of an elaborate pageant orchestrated by avant-garde designer Jean-Paul Goude.[6]

Norman is also known for her performances of the Gurre-Lieder of Arnold Schoenberg and for Schoenberg's one-woman opera Erwartung.[4] In 1989 she appeared at the Metropolitan Opera for a performance of Erwartung that marked the company's first single-character production. This opera was presented in a double bill with Bartók's Bluebeard's Castle with Norman playing the role of Judith. Both operas were broadcast nationally. That same year, she was the featured soloist with Zubin Mehta and the New York Philharmonic Orchestra in its opening concert of its 148th season, which was telecast live to the nation by PBS.[12] Norman also performed at the Hong Kong Cultural Center opening and gave a recital at Taiwan's National Concert Hall.[1]

Over the years Norman has not been afraid to expand her talent into less familiar areas. In 1988 she sang a concert performance of Poulenc's one-act opera La voix humaine ("The Human Voice"), based on Jean Cocteau's 1930 play of the same name.[13] During the 1980s and early 1990s, Norman produced numerous award-winning recordings, and many of her performances were televised. In addition to opera, many of Norman's recordings and performances during this time focused upon art songs, lieder, oratorios, and orchestral works. Her interpretation of Strauss's Four Last Songs is especially acclaimed. Its slowness is controversial, but the tonal qualities of her voice are ideal for these final works of the Romantic German lieder tradition.[4]

In October 1980 Norman returned to the operatic stage in the title role of Richard Strauss's Ariadne auf Naxos at the Hamburg State Opera in Germany. She made her United States operatic début in 1982 with the Opera Company of Philadelphia, appearing in Stravinsky's Oedipus Rex as Jocasta and in Purcell's Dido and Aeneas as Dido.[9] Norman followed these with her début at the Metropolitan Opera in 1983, appearing in Berlioz's Les Troyens as both Cassandra and Dido, a production which marked the company's 100th anniversary season. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "By the mid-1980s she was one of the most popular and highly regarded dramatic soprano singers in the world."[10] She was invited to sing at the second inauguration of U.S. President Ronald Reagan on January 21, 1985, an invitation which she debated accepting, as an African American and a Democrat (as well as a nuclear disarmament activist). In the end, she did accept and sang the folk song "Simple Gifts". In 1986, Norman sang at Queen Elizabeth II's sixtieth birthday celebration.[11] That same year Norman appeared as a soloist in Strauss's Four Last Songs with the Berlin Philharmonic during its tour of the USA.[12] In 1987, Norman joined the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and Herbert von Karajan in possibly the greatest rendition of the Liebestod from "Tristan und Isolde" by Wagner in a historical concert (filmed and recorded audio by Deutsche Grammophon) at the Salzburg Festival The concert was then repeated some weeks later in Berlin, with Karajan and the Berlin Philharmonic.

Mid-career (1980–1989)

In 1975 Norman moved to London and had no staged opera appearances for the next five years. She remained internationally active as a recitalist and soloist in works such as Mendelssohn's Elijah and Franck's Les Béatitudes. Norman returned to North America again in 1976 and 1977 to make an extensive concert tour, but it was not until many years later that she would make her US opera début or appear frequently in the United States. Only after Norman had established herself in Europe's leading opera houses and festivals—including the Edinburgh Festival, Salzburg Festival, Aix-en-Provence Festival, and the Stuttgart Opera—did she set out to establish herself in the United States. Norman toured Europe throughout the 1970s, giving recitals of works by Schubert, Mahler, Wagner, Brahms, Satie, Messiaen, and several contemporary American composers, to great critical acclaim.[10]

In 1972, Norman debuted at La Scala, where she sang the title role in Verdi's Aida and at London's Royal Opera at Covent Garden, where she sang the role of Cassandra in Berlioz's Les Troyens. Norman appeared as Aida again in a concert version that same year in her first well-publicized American performance at the Hollywood Bowl. This was followed by an all-Wagner concert at the Tanglewood Festival in Lenox, Massachusetts, and a recital tour of the country, after which Norman went back to Europe for several engagements.[6] Norman returned to the US briefly to make her first-ever New York City recital where she appeared as part of the "Great Performers" series at Alice Tully Hall in Lincoln Center in 1973.[6]

Norman performed with German and Italian opera companies often appearing as a princess or other noble figures. Norman was exceptional at portraying a commanding and noble bearing. This ability was partly due to her uncommon height and size, but more so as a result of her unique, rich, and powerful voice. Norman's range was remarkably wide, encompassing all female voice registers from contralto to high dramatic soprano.[4] In 1970 she made her Italian début in Florence in Handel's Deborah. In 1971, Norman made her début at the Maggio Musicale in Florence appearing as Sélika in Meyerbeer's L'Africaine. That year she also sang the role of Countess Almaviva in Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro at the Berlin Festival and recorded that role with the BBC Orchestra under the direction of Colin Davis. The recording was a finalist for the Montreux International Record Award competition and brought Norman much exposure to music listeners in Europe and the United States.[6]

After graduating, Norman, like many young musicians at the time, moved to Europe to establish herself. In 1969 she won the ARD International Music Competition in Munich and landed a three-year contract with the Deutsche Oper Berlin. She made her operatic début that same year as Elisabeth in Richard Wagner's Tannhäuser at the Deutsche Oper Berlin. Critics at the time described Norman as having "the greatest voice since the German soprano Lotte Lehmann."[9]

Early career (1969–1979)

In 1965, along with 32 other female students and 4 female faculty, she became a founding member of the Delta Nu Chapter of Sigma Alpha Iota. In 1966 she won the National Society of Arts and Letters singing competition.[7] After graduating in 1967 with a degree in music, she began graduate-level studies at the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore and later at the University of Michigan School of Music, Theatre & Dance in Ann Arbor, Michigan, from which she earned a Master's degree in 1968. During this time Norman studied voice with Elizabeth Mannion and Pierre Bernac.[8]

Norman proved to be a talented singer as a young child, singing gospel songs at Mount Calvary Baptist Church at the age of four.[4] When she was nine she was given a radio for her birthday and soon discovered the world of opera through the weekly broadcasts of the Metropolitan Opera, which she listened to every Saturday while cleaning up her room.[5] Norman started listening to recordings of Marian Anderson and Leontyne Price whom Norman credits as being inspiring figures in her career.[4] At the age of 16, Norman entered the Marian Anderson Vocal Competition in Philadelphia which, although she did not win, led to an offer of a full scholarship at Howard University, in Washington, D.C.[6] While at Howard, Norman sang in the university chorus and as a professional soloist at the Lincoln Temple United Church of Christ, while studying voice with Carolyn Grant. In 1964, she became a member of Gamma Sigma Sigma.

[2], and Lucy C. Laney Senior High School, all in downtown Augusta.A.R. Johnson Junior High School Norman attended Charles T. Walker Elementary School, [1] She was one of five children in a family of amateur musicians; her mother and grandmother were both pianists, and her father sang in a local choir. Norman's mother insisted that she start piano lessons at an early age.[4]

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