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Jhaverchand Meghani

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Jhaverchand Meghani

Jhaverchand Meghani
Born (1897-08-17)17 August 1897
Chotila, Gujarat
Died 9 March 1947(1947-03-09) (aged 50)
Botad, Gujarat
Occupation poet, playwright, editor, folk-lorist
Period Pre-Independence Gujarat
Notable awards Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak
(1928)

Jhaverchand Meghani (Gujarati: ઝવેરચંદ મેઘાણી; (1897-08-17)17 August 1897 – 9 March 1947(1947-03-09)) was a noted poet, writer, social reformer and freedom fighter from Gujarat. He is a well-known name in the field of Gujarati literature. He was born in Chotila. Mahatma Gandhi spontaneously gave him the title of Raashtreeya Shaayar (National Poet).[1] Besides this he received many awards like Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak and Mahida Paaritoshik in literature. He authored more than 100 books. His first book was a translation work of Rabindranath Tagore's ballad Kathaa-u-Kaahinee titled Kurbani Ni Katha (Stories of martyrdom) which was first published in 1922. He contributed widely to Gujarati folk literature. He went from village to village in search of folk-lores and published them in various volumes of Saurashtra Ni Rasdhar.[2] He was also the Editor of Phoolchhab Newspaper of Janmabhoomi group (which is being published till date from Rajkot).

A sample of his collection of folk tales from Saurashtra has recently been published in an English, with the translation done by his son Vinod Meghani. The three volumes published so far are titled A Noble Heritage, A Shade Crimson and The Ruby Shattered.[3]

His poems are taught as a part of syllabus in Gujarat Board Schools (GSEB).

Life

Jhaverchand Meghani was born in Chotila town in Surendranagar, Gujarat to Kalidas and Dholima Meghani. His father Kalidas worked in the Police force and hence was often transferred to new places causing most of Jhaverchand's education to happen in Rajkot. He had two brothers Lalchand and Prabhashankar. He was married to a woman named Damyanti at the age of 24 and following the demise of his wife he married Chitradevi at the age of 36. He had 9 children out of which 3 were girls namely Padmala, Murali and Indu while 6 were boys, namely Mastan, Nanak, Vinod, Ashok, Mahendra, and Jayant.[4]

Early life

He lived a simple and sober life and his simplicity prompted his college mates to call him Raja Janak. He wore a white long coat, a dhoti reaching well down the knees and a turban typically tied around his head was his regular attire. He finished his matriculation in 1912 and completed his BA in 1917. He started his career in Kolkata and joined Jeevanlal and Co. in 1918 as Personal Assistant and Fondly called Paghadee Babu by his colleagues and workers alike. He was soon promoted as the Manager of the company's factory at Belur, Crown Aluminium. In 1919 he went to England for a four-month tour. After coming back to India he continue to work in Kolkata for 2 and half-year. Later he returned to Saurashtra and joined the editorial board of the weekly Saurashtra in 1922.

Contribution to the Freedom Struggle

In 1930, he was sentenced for 2 years in jail for writing the book 'Sindhudo' that contained songs to inspire the youth of India that was participating in the struggle for Independence against the British Raj. It is during this time that he wrote 'Kavya Triputi' based on Gandhiji's visit to London for the round table conference. During this period he also started writing short stories independently and served as editor for 'Phoolchaab' magazine.[5]

Publications

In 1926, he ventured into poetry with his book of children poems 'Veni Na Phool' and started writing in 'Janmabhoomi' under the column 'Kalam Ane Kitaab'. He established his reputation as a critic by his independent novels. In 1936 he became the editor of Phoolchaab' In 1942, he ventured into began publishing with his book Marela Na Rudhir. In 1945, after retiring from 'Phoolchaab' he concentrated on personal writing. In 1946 his book Mansai Na Deeva was awarded the 'Mahida award'. The same year he was elected to head the Gujarati Sahitya Parishad's Sahitya Section. In 1929, he gave 6 lectures for 'Gyan Prasarak Mandali' . He also lectured at Santiniketan owing to his long association with Rabindranath Tagore. Meghani was also known as a Manbhatt poet due to his significant contribution to folk ballads[6]

Folklores

  • Doshi Ni Vato 7
  • Sorthi Baharvatia 3-1929
  • Kankavati 1–1927
  • Kankavati 2-1928
  • Dadajini Vato-1927
  • Sorthi Santo-1928
  • Sorthi Geetkathao-1931
  • Puratan Jyot-1938
  • Rang Che Barot-1945
  • Loksahitya-1939
  • Pagandino Panth-1942
  • Charano Ane Charani-1943
  • Dhartinu Dhavan-1944
  • Loksahitya Nu Samalochan-1946
  • saurashtra ni rasdhar 1-5

===Poems===

  • Veni Na Phool-1927
  • Killol-1930
  • Sindhudo-1930
  • Yugvandana-1935
  • Ektaro-1940
  • Bapuna Parna-1943
  • Ravindra Veena-1944
  • Midnight Lace -1946

Folk Songs

  • Radhiyali Raat 1–1925
  • Radhiyali Raat 2-1925
  • Radhiyali Raat 3-1927
  • Radhiyali Raat 4-1942
  • Chundadi 1–1928
  • Chundadi 2-1929
  • Rutugeeto-1929
  • Halarda-1929
  • Sorthi Santvani-1947
  • Sorthiya Duha-1947

Drama

  • Rano Pratap (Translation)-1923
  • Raja Rani-1924
  • Shah Jahan (Translation)-1927
  • Vanthela-1933

Travelogue

  • Saurashtrana Khandaroma-1928
  • Sorathne Tire Tire-1933
  • Parkamma-1946
  • Chellu Prayan-1947

Short Stories

  • Kurbani Ni Kathao-1922
  • Chinta Na Angara 1–1931
  • Chinta Na Angara 2-1932
  • Jail Office Ni Baari-1934
  • Dariyaparna Bahrvatiya-1932
  • Pratimao-1932
  • Palkara-1935
  • Dhup Chaya-1935
  • Meghanini Navlikao 1 and 2-1942
  • Vilopan-1946
  • Anu nam te dhani

Novels

  • Satya Ni Shodhma-1932
  • Niranjan-1936
  • Vasundharana Vhala Davla-1939
  • Sorath tara vaheta pani-1937
  • Samarangan-1928
  • Aparadhi-1938
  • Vevishal-1939
  • Ra Gangajaliyo −1939
  • Bidela Dwar-1939
  • Gujaratno Jay 1–1940
  • Gujaratno Jay 2-1942
  • Tulsi Kyaro-1940
  • Prabhu Padharya-1943
  • Kalchakra-1947

Biography

  • Annie Besant-1927
  • Hungary no Taaranahaar-1927
  • Narvir Lalaji-1927
  • Satyavir Shradhdhanand-1927
  • Sorathee Santo-1928
  • Puraatan Jyot −1938
  • Thakkar Bapa-1939
  • Akbar Ni Yaadma-1942
  • Aapnu Ghar-1942
  • Panch Varas Na Pankhida-1942
  • Marelana Rudhir-1942
  • Aapna Gharni Vadhu Vato-1943
  • Dayanand Sarasvati-1944
  • Mansaina Deeva-1945[7]
  • Sant Deveedaas-1946
  • Vasant-Rajab Smaarak Granth-1947

External links

  • Website about Jhaverchand Meghani run by his grandson
  • aksharnaad.com – Some of Shri Jhaverchand Meghani's works for free download as an ebook

References

  1. ^ Meghani, Pinaki (14 March 2009). "Jhaverchand Meghani – Honour received during his life-time". Meghani Family. Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  2. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=gZRLGZNZEoEC&pg=PA42&dq=zaverchand+meghani+poet&hl=en&sa=X&ei=LVYET_e_MtHnrAfDn7XpDw&ved=0CFwQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=zaverchand%20meghani%20poet&f=false
  3. ^ A Ruby Shattered
  4. ^ Kavilok website
  5. ^ Sangeet Bhavan trust
  6. ^ India Guide Gujarat
  7. ^ Meghani, Jhaverchand. "Jhaverchand Meghani WorldHeritage". WorldHeritage. 
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