World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ji (state)

Article Id: WHEBN0034389400
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ji (state)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Beijing, Shen (state), Ancient Chinese states, Huang (state), Han (Western Zhou state)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ji (state)

State of Ji
c. 11th century BC–c. 7th century BC
Capital Jicheng
Political structure Monarchy
 -  Established c. 11th century BC
 -  Conquered by State of Yan c. 7th century BC

Ji (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was an ancient state in northern China during the Shang and Western Zhou dynasties from at least the 11th century to the 7th century BC. The state was based in the walled City of Ji, or Jicheng, located in the modern day Guang'anmen neighborhood of southwestern Beijing. Around 7th century BC, Ji was conquered by the larger State of Yan, which took the City of Ji as its capital. The city remained the primary urban center in the area until the 13th century, when Kublai Khan built the larger city of Dadu to the northwest, which eventually absorbed the City of Ji.[1]


Ji, marked on the map of the Warring States Period, as the capital of the State of Yan.

Ji was a small state during the Shang Dynasty that was inhabited by a tribe that was said to have descended the Yellow Emperor, and became one of the vassal states of the Zhou Dynasty.[1] According to Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian, King Wu of Zhou, in the 11th year of his reign, deposed King Zhou of Shang and conferred titles to nobles within his domain, including the rulers of the city states Ji and Yan. According to the Book of Rites, King Wu of Zhou was so eager to establish his legitimacy after his battle victory over the Shang that before dismounting from his wagon, he named the descendants of the Yellow Emperor to the State of Ji.[2] This was the first mention of Ji in history. The 11th year of the reign of King Wu of Zhou approximates to 1145 BC. The Beijing Municipal Government designates 1045 BC as the first year of the city's history.[3]

The capital of the state was the walled City of Ji or Jicheng (t 薊城, s 蓟城, Jìchéng). The city was located in the southwestern part of present-day Beijing, just south of Guang'anmen in Xicheng and Fengtai Districts. At about the 7th century BC, Ji was absorbed by neighboring Yan, which made the City of Ji, its capital.

See also


  1. ^ a b (Chinese) "《北京传统文化便览》--北京燕山出版社" 2004-03-23
  2. ^ 《礼记•乐记》
  3. ^ 蓟城纪念柱
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.