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Jiang Baili

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Jiang Baili

Jiang Baili (simplified Chinese: 蒋百里; traditional Chinese: 蔣百里; pinyin: Jiǎng Bǎilǐ, 1882- November 4, 1938) was a Chinese military trainer.

1899, Jiang entered Qiushi Academy (current Zhejiang University) in Hangzhou through examination.[1] After becoming Xiucai in 1898, Jiang went abroad to study in the Imperial Japanese Army Academy. He graduated with the highest score and was honored a sword by Emperor Meiji.[2] He joined the Tongmenghui during his time in Japan. After returning from Japan, he was sent to Germany for further military studying.

In 1912, Jiang became the principal of the Baoding Military Academy. He attempted suicide in 1913 for he was unable to get the fund he promised to his student from the Department of Military. Although his suicide was stopped by his bodyguards, he won a reputation of putting his words above his life.[3]

In the warlord era, Jiang served as Wu Peifu's chief of staff, however he resigned after Wu turned down his plan to ally with the Guangdong government. In 1935 Jiang accepted Chiang Kai-shek's invitation to become senior adviser in the Military Affairs Commission, and remained in the post until 1938. In 1938, Jiang died of illness shortly after being appointed the principal of the Military Academy. He was honored with General rank after his death.

Jiang was married to a Japanese nurse, Satô Yato. His third daughter Jiang Ying became a musician, and married Tsien Hsue-shen, the father of Chinese rocketry.

Footnotes and references

  1. ^ 知名人物
  2. ^ Christiane I. Reinhold, Studying the Enemy: Japan Hands in Republican China and Their Quest for National Identity, page 46
  3. ^ Diana Lary. China's Republic, page 63
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