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Jinhua

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Title: Jinhua  
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Subject: Yangtze River Delta, Jinhua–Wenzhou Railway, Yiwu, Bouyei people, List of cities in China
Collection: Cities in Zhejiang, Jinhua, National Famous Historical and Cultural Cities in China
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Jinhua

Jinhua
金华市
Prefecture-level city
Clockwise from top: Bridging Tea House in Jinhua Architecture Park, Jinhua Railway Station, Jinhua City 1, Jinhua City 2
Clockwise from top: Bridging Tea House in Jinhua Architecture Park, Jinhua Railway Station, Jinhua City 1, Jinhua City 2
Location of Jinhua City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
Location of Jinhua City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Province Zhejiang
County-level divisions 9
Township-level divisions 191
Government
 • Party Secretary Xu Jia'ai (徐加爱)
 • Mayor Ji Junmin (暨军民)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 10,926.16 km2 (4,218.61 sq mi)
 • Urban 2,049.5 km2 (791.3 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,049.5 km2 (791.3 sq mi)
Population (2010 census[1])
 • Prefecture-level city 5,361,572
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,077,245
 • Urban density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,077,245
 • Metro density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 579
GDP ¥270 billion
GDP per capita
(2012)
¥50,072 (CNY)
$7,932 (USD)
License Plate Prefix G
City Flower Camellia
Jinhua
"Jinhua", as written in Chinese
Simplified Chinese 金华
Traditional Chinese 金華
Postal Kinhwa
Literal meaning Golden Flourishing

   , is a prefecture-level city in central Zhejiang province in eastern China. It borders the provincial capital of Hangzhou to the northwest, Quzhou to the southwest, Lishui to the south, Taizhou to the east, and Shaoxing to the northeast. Its population was 5,361,572 at the 2010 census including 1,077,245 in the built-up area made of two urban districts even though Lanxi City is also being conurbated soon. One can notice that the cities of Dongyang and Yiwu are now in the same agglomeration, a built-up area of 2,038,413 inhabitants bigger than the one of Jinhua itself.

Jinhua is rich in red soil and forest resources. The Jinhua or Wu River flows through the Lan and Fuchun to the Qiantang River beside Hangzhou, which flows into Hangzhou Bay and the East China Sea. In mediaeval China, it formed part of the water network feeding supplies to the southern end of the Grand Canal. It is best known for its dry-cured Jinhua ham.

Contents

  • History and culture 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Administrative divisions 3
  • Economy 4
    • Industry 4.1
      • Handicrafts 4.1.1
  • Transportation 5
  • Landmarks 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History and culture

The history of Jinhua dates back to the 2nd century BC, when it was a county subordinate to Shaoxing. It was given the name Jinhua under the Sui dynasty in AD 598 and later became the seat of a prefecture. The present city and its walls date to the time of the Mongol emperors in 1352.

The most famous native of Jinhua is Huang Chuping, a Daoist holy man of the 4th century and reputed immortal whose descendants still live in the area. Wuyang Shan ("Reclining Sheep Mountain") is said to be a sheep which was turned to stone by Huang, a trick which he learned through his years of diligently studying Daoism.

Economically Jinhua has always prospered from its position as the regional collecting and processing center for agricultural and forestry products (chiefly rice and bamboo). It is currently the second most important grain producing area in Zhejiang. In 1985 Jinhua was promoted to City status, and now is responsible for administering four cities, four counties and a district. Animals raised there include dairy cattle, meat hogs (for the production of Jinhua ham, a famous local product for 900 years) and honeybees. Jinhua's industrial sector has developed more recently, producing machinery, metallurgy, pharmaceuticals, building supplies and electrical and electronic equipment.

The Tang dynasty painter Guan Xiu[2] (Kuan-hsiu) was born in Jinhua. He is known for his paintings of Buddhist holy men.

There are numerous scenic and historical sites in the Jinhua region, including many places associated with the Immortal Huang, and a palace of the Dukes of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.

Geography

Jinhua in the Yangtze River Delta

Jinhua is located at latitudes 28° 32'−29° 41' N and longitudes 119° 14'−120° 46' E in the center of Zhejiang. It borders Hangzhou to the northwest, Quzhou to the southwest, Lishui to the south, Taizhou to the east, and Shaoxing to the northeast.

Climate

Jinhua has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with four distinctive seasons, characterised by hot, humid summers and chilly, cloudy and drier winters (with occasional snow). The mean annual temperature is 17.33 °C (63.2 °F), with monthly daily averages ranging from 5.2 °C (41.4 °F) in January to 29.0 °C (84.2 °F) in July. The city receives an average annual rainfall of 1,450 millimetres (57.1 in) and is affected by the plum rains of the Asian monsoon in June, when average relative humidity also peaks.

Climate data for Jinhua (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
27.4
(81.3)
32.6
(90.7)
32.9
(91.2)
36.4
(97.5)
37.5
(99.5)
40.5
(104.9)
39.3
(102.7)
39.6
(103.3)
35.3
(95.5)
31.3
(88.3)
23.8
(74.8)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
10.9
(51.6)
14.8
(58.6)
21.7
(71.1)
26.5
(79.7)
29.2
(84.6)
33.8
(92.8)
33.5
(92.3)
28.5
(83.3)
23.6
(74.5)
17.9
(64.2)
12.3
(54.1)
21.8
(71.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
6.8
(44.2)
10.7
(51.3)
17.1
(62.8)
21.8
(71.2)
25.1
(77.2)
29.0
(84.2)
28.6
(83.5)
24.1
(75.4)
18.9
(66)
13.2
(55.8)
7.4
(45.3)
17.3
(63.1)
Average low °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
3.7
(38.7)
7.3
(45.1)
13.3
(55.9)
18.2
(64.8)
21.9
(71.4)
25.3
(77.5)
24.9
(76.8)
20.8
(69.4)
15.3
(59.5)
9.4
(48.9)
3.8
(38.8)
13.8
(56.9)
Record low °C (°F) −9.6
(14.7)
−8.9
(16)
−1.6
(29.1)
0.6
(33.1)
8.7
(47.7)
13.3
(55.9)
18.8
(65.8)
18.6
(65.5)
13.1
(55.6)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
−6.8
(19.8)
−9.6
(14.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.5
(2.815)
91.6
(3.606)
160.1
(6.303)
168.9
(6.65)
186.6
(7.346)
258.5
(10.177)
129.5
(5.098)
109.1
(4.295)
103.1
(4.059)
68.9
(2.713)
55.9
(2.201)
47.9
(1.886)
1,451.6
(57.149)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13.4 14.5 18.5 17.1 16.1 16.5 12.4 11.9 11.2 9.6 8.2 8.6 158.0
Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions

The prefecture-level city of Jinhua administers 9 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 4 county-level cities and 3 counties.

Map
Subdivision Simplified Chinese Pinyin
Wucheng District 婺城区 Wùchéng Qū
Jindong District 金东区 Jīndōng Qū
Lanxi 兰溪市 Lánxī Shì
Yongkang 永康市 Yǒngkāng Shì
Yiwu 义乌市 Yìwū Shì
Dongyang 东阳市 Dōngyáng Shì
Wuyi County 武义县 Wǔyì Xiàn
Pujiang County 浦江县 Pǔjiāng Xiàn
Pan'an County 磐安县 Pán'ān Xiàn

These are further divided into 191 township-level divisions, including 107 towns, 73 townships and 11 subdistricts.

Economy

Jinhua has a rather flexible economic system with distinctive economic characteristics in different areas. Its economic structure is largely dependent on private sector activity. 90% of enterprises are in the private sector. Up to 88% of its GDP comes from the private sector.

Industry

A bus made by the local Jinhua Youngman Vehicle factory.

Jinhua enjoys an advanced civilian-owned economy, with its industry mainly supported by processing and manufacturing. Leading industries of the City include clothing and textile, mechanics and electronics, pharmacy and chemistry, manufacturing crafts, metalwork processing architecture and building materials, automobile-and-motorcycle accessories, food processing, plastic ware, etc.

Industries are distributed with different characteristics in different counties or county-level cities. For instance, Yiwu is characterized by its light-industry commodities, Yongkang by its automobile-and-motorcycle accessories and mechanical and electric tools, Dongyang by its clothing, architecture and magnetic materials, the City Proper by its pharmacy, construction materials and industrial measures, Lanxi by its non-ferrous metal, cement, towels and daily chemicals, and Pujiang by its textile, lockmaking, and lantern ornaments of crystals, etc.

Handicrafts

Traditional handicrafts have been flourishing in Jinhua. The wood carving and bamboo weaving in Dongyang, the straw plaiting, lace purling and crystals carving in Pujiang, and the hardware crafts in Yongkang, all enjoy a long history of development and the products sell well both abroad and at home.

Transportation

Jinhua is approximately three hours by car from Shanghai. There is also the D-train which takes approximately 2.5 hours, or about four hours by ordinary train.

Jinhua enjoys convenient transportation, being the communications center in Southeast China between coastal and inland areas, and one of the major hubs of landway transportation in the country. The Zhejiang-Jiangxi, Jinhua-Wenzhou and Jinhua-Qiandaohu Railways intersect in the City. The Hangzhou-Jinhua-Quzhou Expressway, the Jinhua-Lishui-Wenzhou Expressway, the No. 330 and 320 National Highways, and other provincial highroads, also traverse the area. The city aggregation around Jinhua Proper has formed a "Half-an-Hour's-Ride Economic Circle", there being merely a 90-minute and a 3-hour journey driving from the city to Hangzhou and Shanghai respectively. At present, Yiwu Airport offers airlines destined for Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Xiamen, Qingdao, and Hong Kong.

Landmarks

Jinhua Architecture Park, a collection of 17 pavilions designed by Chinese and international architects, set on the banks of the Yiwu River.

References

  1. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-zhejiang-admin.php
  2. ^ http://web.whittier.edu/academic/english/Chinese/Guanxiu.htm

External links

  • Government website of Jinhua (Chinese)
  • Government website of Jinhua(English)
  • Jinhua First Social Welfare Institute (orphanage)
  • The Jinhua Swine, breeds of livestock
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