World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Jining

Article Id: WHEBN0001944463
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jining  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 108 Stars of Destiny, Jiaxiang County, Jinxiang County, Qufu, Sishui County
Collection: Cities in Shandong, Port Cities and Towns in China, Prefecture-Level Divisions of Shandong
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Jining

Jining
济宁市
Prefecture-level city
Zoucheng, Jining
Zoucheng, Jining
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shandong
County-level divisions 12
Municipal seat Shizhong District
()
Government
 • Mayor Mei Yonghong (梅永红)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 11,186.97 km2 (4,319.31 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,534.2 km2 (592.4 sq mi)
 • Metro 884 km2 (341 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 8,081,905
 • Density 720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,859,406
 • Urban density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,241,012
 • Metro density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0537
License Plate Prefix H

Jining (simplified Chinese: 济宁; traditional Chinese: 濟寧; pinyin: Jǐníng) is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Shandong province. It borders Heze to the southwest, Zaozhuang to the southeast, Tai'an to the northeast, and the provinces of Henan and Jiangsu to the northwest and south respectively. Jining, which is located right to the north of the Lake Nanyang (Chinese: 南阳湖; pinyin: NányángHú), is today the northernmost city reachable by navigation on the Grand Canal of China.

Its population was 8,081,905 at the 2010 census, of whom 1,241,012 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Rencheng urban district on 884 km2 (341 sq mi), Yanzhou district not being totally conurbated yet.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Administration 2
  • Economy 3
  • Notable people 4
  • Sister cities 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The name Jining was first given to the region in the year 1271 during the Song dynasty, although the exact area and type of administrative district it refers to have varied over the centuries.[1] Jining has several distinctive associations in Chinese history and culture, as in antiquity it was the birthplace and home of Confucius, along with many of his more famous disciples, including Mencius. Temples to a number of these philosophers still exist in various parts of the prefecture. Liangshan, a county of Jining, is also famous as the principal setting of the Chinese literary classic, Water Margin.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Jining administers 11 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 2 county-level cities and 7 counties.

Economy

Jining is situated in a coal mining area in the southwest of Shandong. An industrial city, Jining has a coal-fired power station, the Jining Power Plant. The city is served by Jining Airport.

Notable people

  • Confucius (551 – 479 BC), central Chinese thinker, founder of Confucianism (main temple and tomb in Qufu)
  • Zengzi (505 BC - 436 BC), Chinese philosopher and author, principal lineage protector and promoter of Confucianism
  • Mencius (372 – 289 BC), Chinese thinker, a principal interpreter of Confucianism (main temple in Zoucheng)
  • Yan Hui (521 BC - 490 BC), one of the famous disciples of Confucius (temple in Qufu)
  • Lu Ban (507–440 BC), Chinese engineer, philosopher, inventor, military thinker
  • Zuo Qiuming (5th century BC), Chinese court writer of the State of Lu, and contemporary of Confucius during the Spring and Autumn period.
  • Xiaoting Pan (1982-), the first professional pool player from China to play full-time on the Women's Professional Billiard Association (WPBA) tour.
  • Kong Shangren (1648 - 1718), a Chinese Qing Dynasty dramatist and poet best known for his chuanqi play The Peach-Blossom Fan

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ Jining Statistical Almanac, 2011, in Jining Statistical Information Net
  2. ^ "Forth Smith becomes sister city with Jining, China". Retrieved 10 March 2015. 

External links

  • Government website of Jining (available in Chinese and English)
  • Jining (Shandong) travel guide from Wikivoyage
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.