World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0001844557
Reproduction Date:

Title: Jishou  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Qo Xiong language, Aizhai Bridge, Hunan, Taoyuan County, Changsha
Collection: Cities in Hunan, County-Level Divisions of Hunan, Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


County-level city
Jishou is located in Hunan
Location in Hunan
Coordinates: [1]
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
Autonomous prefecture Xiangxi
 • Total 1,062.46 km2 (410.22 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 301,460
 • Density 280/km2 (730/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 4160XX
Website .cn.govzgjs

Jishou (Chinese: 吉首; pinyin: Jíshǒu) is a county-level city and the seat of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Hunan province, China.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Population 3
  • Education 4
  • Economy 5
  • Transportation 6
  • Photo 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Jishou has a history of more than 2,000 years dating back to the Qin dynasty. In those days, it was affiliated with Qianzhong Prefecture (黔中郡). During the Song dynasty, a town government was established in a stockaded village, Zhenxi (镇溪寨; 鎮溪寨), which in the Ming dynasty became the Zhenxi soldiers and civilians battalion (镇溪军民千户所; 鎮溪軍民千戶所). Qianzhou Prefecture (乾州厅) was created during the Qing dynasty. During the Republic of China era it was known as Qian County (乾县; 乾縣) In 1953 the area was renamed Jishou county, with two adjacent cities, Jishou and Qianzhou. In 1982 Jishou city became the capital of Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture. The city of Qianzhou (乾城) now lies just south of Jishou city.[4]


Jishou lies east of the Wuling Mountain range. About 80% of the city's terrain is low hills or low mountains. The highest elevation is 964.5 meters, at Liantaifeng (莲台峰; 蓮台峰, near the town of Aizhai (矮寨) and the lowest point is 142 meters, near the town of Hexi (河溪镇; 河溪鎮).[5] The Dong River (峒河), a tributary of the Wu (Yuan River), runs west to east through the city.

Dong River in Jishou


Jishou County had a population of 291,200 in the year 2008, including an agricultural population of 163,100, or 56% of the population. The urban population was 192,500. About 77.3% of the population belonged to the Miao or Tujia minorities, with 121,000 Miao and 101,200 Tujia. Members of China's predominant Han ethnic group comprise the rest of the population.[6]


Jishou has two institutions of higher education:


In 2001, the Gross Domestic Product in Jishou was 19.45 billion yuan, with a revenue of 1.45 billion yuan. Jishou produces fruits, especially kiwis and oranges, vegetables, livestock and poultry, and tobacco.[7] Tourism is becoming an important industry, since the ancient city of Fenghuang, is about 30 minutes away and Dehang National Park is about 40 minutes away.



Panoramic view of Jishou as seen from the new campus of Jishou University, May 2014.


  1. ^  
  2. ^ Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture Land Use Plan (2006–20)/《湘西土家族苗族自治州土地利用总体规划(2006-2020年)》.(Chinese) Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ 湘西自治州2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 (in 中文). Xiangxi Prefecture People's Government. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^

External links

  • Promotional video for Jishou and surrounding areas
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.