Jizan province

"Jazan" redirects here. For places in Iran, see Jazan, Iran (disambiguation).

Coordinates: 17°30′N 42°30′E / 17.500°N 42.500°E / 17.500; 42.500

Capital Jizan
Manatiq (Districts) 14
 • Governor Prince Muhammad bin Nasr
 • Total 11,671 km2 (4,506 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,365,110
 • Density 116.97/km2 (303.0/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 09

Jazan (Arabic: جازانJāzān) is the smallest province of Saudi Arabia. It stretches some 300 km along the southern Red Sea coast, just north of Yemen. It covers an area of 11,671 km² and a population of 1,365,110 at the 2010 census (preliminary result). The capital is the city of Jizan; Muhammad bin Nasser bin Abdulaziz is the current Governor.

The province includes over 100 islands in the Red Sea. The Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia's first protected area, are home to the endangered Arabian gazelle and, in winter, migratory birds from Europe.


The province divides into three parts.

  • The Al-Sarawat mountains inland are a continuation of the mountains of Ethiopia, and rise to about 3,000 metres.
  • The Alhazoun forest district consists of forest broken by some areas of rich pasture.
  • The plains are noted for the production of coffee beans, cereal grain crops (barley, millet and wheat) and fruit (apples, bananas, grapes, mangoes, papayas, plums and citrus varieties).

Though the climate on the highlands is similar to the relatively wetter climate of 'Asir, the coastal regions of Jazan province are part of Tihamah, probably the hottest place in the world, with mean maximum temperatures ranging from 40°C (104°F) in July to 31°C (88°F) in January. High humidity from coastal lagoons makes the climate even less bearable than it would be otherwise. Rainfall is extremely low at less than 75 millimetres (3 inches) per year. Sabya is located in the center between the mountain and the beach.


The province is sub-divided into 14 governorates as follows:

Jazan's Governorates
Name Native name Census
15 September 2004
Census (Preliminary)
28 April 2010
Abu Arish أبو عريش 123,943 197,112
Alddair الدائر 49,239 59,494
Alddarb الدرب 52,062 69,134
Ahad Almasarihah أحد المسارحة 70,038 110,710
Alaridah العارضة 62,841 76,705
Alaydabi العيدابي 52,515 60,799
Alharth الحرث 47,073 18,586
Alrayth الريث 13,406 18,961
Baish بيش 58,269 77,442
Damad ضمد 62,366 71,601
Farasan فرسان 13,962 17,999
Jazan جازان 255,340 157,536
Sabya صبياء 198,086 228,375
Samtah صامطة 128,447 201,656
Total Province جازان 1,187,587 1,365,110

Arrayth is one of the most beautiful mountains in the south of Saudi Arabia. Farasan is a group of islands.


For centuries, a majority of the inhabitants have been sunni Muslims.

Arabic language is native to over 90% of the inhabitants.

External links

  • http://www.Jazan.gov.sa/
  • http://www.Jizan.com
  • http://www.jizancity.com
  • http://www.krwetatnt.net/vb/
  • http://ksa-mov.ahlamontada.com
  • A travel through the province of Jizan, Splendid Arabia: A travel site with photos and routes

Further reading

  • S.I. Bruk, Narody Peredney Azii (1960);
  • S.I. Bruk, and V. S. Apenchenko, Atlas Narodov Mira (Moscow: Academy of Science, 1964)
  • A. Gabriel, Religionsgeographie von Persien (Vienna, 1971).

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