World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Johan Santana

Article Id: WHEBN0000725487
Reproduction Date:

Title: Johan Santana  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pedro Martínez, Randy Johnson, Roger Clemens, 2006 Minnesota Twins season, Cy Young
Collection: 1979 Births, 2006 World Baseball Classic Players, American League All-Stars, American League Era Champions, American League Pitching Triple Crown Winners, American League Strikeout Champions, American League Wins Champions, Auburn Doubledays Players, Brooklyn Cyclones Players, Cy Young Award Winners, Edmonton Trappers Players, Gold Glove Award Winners, Gulf Coast Astros Players, Living People, Luis Aparicio Award Winners, Major League Baseball Pitchers, Major League Baseball Players from Venezuela, Michigan Battle Cats Players, Minnesota Twins Players, National League All-Stars, National League Era Champions, Navegantes Del Magallanes Players, New York Mets Players, People from Mérida (State), Quad City River Bandits Players, St. Lucie Mets Players
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Johan Santana

Johan Santana
Santana with the Mets in 2012
Free agent
Starting pitcher
Born: (1979-03-13) March 13, 1979
Tovar, Mérida State, Venezuela
Bats: Left Throws: Left
MLB debut
April 3, 2000, for the Minnesota Twins
MLB statistics
(through 2013 season)
Win–loss record 139–78
Earned run average 3.20
Strikeouts 1,988
WHIP 1.13
Career highlights and awards

Johan Alexander Santana Araque (; born March 13, 1979) is a Venezuelan professional baseball starting pitcher who is a free agent. Santana pitched in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Minnesota Twins from 2000 to 2007 and for the New York Mets from 2008 to 2012, sidelined by injury challenges since the 2012 season. A two-time Cy Young Award winner with the Twins, Santana is a four-time All-Star and earned a pitching triple crown in 2006. On June 1, 2012, Santana threw a no-hitter against the St. Louis Cardinals, the first no-hitter in New York Mets then 51 year franchise history.


  • Professional career 1
    • Minnesota Twins 1.1
      • 2004 season 1.1.1
      • 2005 season 1.1.2
      • 2006 season 1.1.3
      • 2007 season 1.1.4
    • New York Mets 1.2
      • 2008 season 1.2.1
      • 2009 season 1.2.2
      • 2010 season 1.2.3
      • 2011 season 1.2.4
      • 2012 season 1.2.5
        • No-hitter
      • 2013 season 1.2.6
    • Baltimore Orioles 1.3
      • 2014 season 1.3.1
    • Toronto Blue Jays 1.4
      • 2015 season 1.4.1
  • Pitching style 2
  • Personal life 3
  • Highlights 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Professional career

Santana was discovered in 1994 by Andres Reiner, who was a scout working for the Houston Astros at the time.[1] Santana's parents agreed to let him attend Houston's academy in Valencia. When O’Brien called Reiner and asked if he had signed Santana to a contract, Reiner reported that he was still deciding if Santana was a better prospect as an outfielder or a pitcher. After six weeks of training, Santana was told he was going to pitch. Santana did not like it and almost left, but Reiner convinced him to stay. While originally a center fielder, Santana was converted to a pitcher at the academy due to his arm speed. In 1999 he was named the Tovar Mérida Athlete of the Year.

Minnesota Twins

After the 1999 major league season, he was left unprotected by the Houston Astros and eligible in the Rule 5 draft. The Minnesota Twins had the first pick that year, the Florida Marlins had the second. The Twins made a deal with the Marlins: the Twins would draft Jared Camp with their first pick and the Marlins would draft Santana. The teams would exchange the two players with the Twins receiving $50,000 to cover their pick.[2][3]

Santana made his Major League debut with the Twins on April 3, 2000, coming from the bullpen vs. Tampa Bay. He made his first MLB start on April 7, 2000, at Kansas City and recorded his first Major League win in a relief appearance at Houston on June 6. He put up a 6.49 ERA in 86 innings pitched in 2000, his rookie year.

In 2002, the Twins sent Santana to the minors for 2 months to work almost exclusively on perfecting his changeup. He did this for 10 starts and came back up to the majors with a terrific changeup to complement his very good fastball. While in the minors, pitching coach Bobby Cuellar made Santana throw at least one changeup to every batter. According to Cuellar, Santana would sometimes throw 20 in a row during games.[4]

Santana was used as a long reliever early in his career after finding little success as a starter. In 2002 he led the majors in wild pitches, with 15.

In 2003, Santana transitioned from relief to the Twins' starting rotation after spending the first four months of the season in the bullpen. He won his last eight decisions and pitched the ALDS opening game against the Yankees.

Due to Santana's early major-league success with the Twins, a young minor-league pitcher in the Anaheim Angels' farm system also named Johan Santana changed his name to Ervin Santana in 2003 and has also achieved major league success. Santana underwent minor elbow surgery following the season.[5]

2004 season

In 2004, Santana enjoyed one of the great second halves of modern times. He became the first pitcher since 1961 to give up four or fewer hits in 10 straight starts, and his 13–0 record broke the old Major League second-half mark shared between Burt Hooton and Rick Sutcliffe.

Santana's other second-half numbers were equally impressive: 11.13 strikeouts per nine innings, 1.21 ERA, 4.74 hits per nine innings, and 6.73 baserunners per nine innings. In addition, Santana set a team season record with 265 strikeouts, surpassing the old 258 mark registered by Bert Blyleven in 1973.

Santana finished in good form with a 20–6 record and led the American League (AL) in strikeouts (265), ERA (2.61), strikeouts per nine innings pitched (10.46), WHIP (0.92), batting average allowed (.192), OBP (.249), SLG (.315), and OPS (.564) and walked only 54 batters in 228 innings. Opponents stole just six bases in seven attempts against him, and his 20 victories ranked him second behind only Curt Schilling's 21. He easily won the AL Cy Young Award with all 28 first-place votes.

2005 season

Santana struggled in his first outing of 2005, giving up four runs in the first inning, but quickly regained his composure and returned to Cy Young-winning form in an 8–4 victory over the Seattle Mariners. In his second game, he recorded 11 strikeouts against the Chicago White Sox as the Twins won 5–2. Santana finished the season with an ERA of 2.87, second-lowest in the AL behind Indians pitcher Kevin Millwood (2.86). However, the weak Twins club of the 2005 season cost him several otherwise-winnable games, and his winning percentage fell considerably in his second full year as a starter. He threw 238 strikeouts during the season, leading the majors. He finished third in the Cy Young voting, finishing behind winner Bartolo Colón and closer Mariano Rivera.

2006 season

Santana pitching for the Twins on June 2, 2006

Santana won the Major League Pitching Triple Crown, the first pitcher to do so since Dwight Gooden in 1985. He completed the season leading the majors in ERA (2.77) and strikeouts (245), and tied Chien-Ming Wang in wins (19). He is the first pitcher to win the triple crown with fewer than 20 wins, and the first to win the MLB triple crown with an ERA above 2.60.

Santana also led the AL in WHIP (1.00), opposing batting average (.216), and innings pitched (233.2). He continued to add to his reputation as a great second-half pitcher, losing only one game after the All-Star break while winning 10 and posting a 2.54 ERA. A brief slump cost him the opportunity to make his 20th win of the season. No pitcher in Major League Baseball won 20 games in the 2006 season, the first time in modern major league history this occurred.

Santana won his second Cy Young Award in 2006, becoming the 14th player in MLB history to win the award multiple times. He is the fifth pitcher to win the award by a unanimous vote twice, joining Roger Clemens, Pedro Martínez, and Greg Maddux; Sandy Koufax accomplished the feat three times.

From 2004 to 2006, Santana led the league in strikeouts all three years, in ERA twice, and also led in several other key statistical areas. In this three-year span, he compiled a 55–19 record with an ERA of 2.75 and WHIP of 0.96, while striking out 748 batters.

2007 season

After a slow start, with his record falling to 6–6 at one point, Santana jump-started his season with a four-hit shutout, followed by two wins. On July 1, 2007, Santana was named as a member of the 2007 All-Star Game, his third straight appearance. On June 19, 2007, on the team bus to a game at Shea Stadium, Bert Blyleven said he would have his head shaved if that night's starting pitcher, Santana, threw a complete-game shutout. The Twins won, 9–0, and Santana went the distance on a four-hitter. Santana shaved Blyleven's head the following day.[6] Santana had perhaps his best career game on August 19 against the Texas Rangers in which he struck out 17 batters over eight innings. He walked none and allowed only two hits, both to Sammy Sosa. His 17 strikeouts set a Twins club record for strikeouts in a game.[7] Santana's game score of 95 is the highest by any pitcher in MLB history in a non-complete game.[8]

He led the major leagues in home runs allowed (33) and had the most losses of his career (13). Santana finished the season with only 15 wins, his lowest total since 2003. However, Santana led the AL in WHIP, was second in strikeouts with 235, and seventh in ERA. On the last game of the season, a rain delay in a road game against the Detroit Tigers that lasted over an hour caused Santana to pitch only three innings. This ended a 123 consecutive start streak in which he pitched five innings or more. This is the third longest consecutive-game streak for a pitcher in the past half century. In November, it was announced Santana was awarded the AL Gold Glove Award for pitcher, his first selection.[9] He was also honored with a Fielding Bible Award as the best fielding pitcher in MLB.[10]

New York Mets

2008 season

On February 2, 2008, Santana was traded from the Twins to the New York Mets for Carlos Gomez, Philip Humber, Deolis Guerra, and Kevin Mulvey.[11] The Mets and Santana agreed to a six-year, $137.5 million contract.[12] Santana was named the Opening Day starter, throwing 100 pitches in seven innings to earn the win against the Florida Marlins. On May 10, 2008, he earned his first win at Shea Stadium as a member of the New York Mets.

Santana releasing a pitch in May 2008

On June 1, 2008, Santana earned his 100th career victory, going 7.2 innings and allowing one run in a 6–1 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers.[13]

On July 27, the day after the Mets played a 14-inning game where every pitcher in the bullpen was used, Johan pitched a complete game against the St. Louis Cardinals. He struck out 5 and also got his first RBI as a Met. He won this game, improving his record to 9–7. On August 17, 2008 Santana pitched his second complete game and his 11th win of the season, allowing only 3 hits while walking none and striking out 7 in a 3–0 Mets win over the Pittsburgh Pirates.

On September 23, Santana threw 125 pitches, a career-high to that point, in 8 innings to beat the Chicago Cubs. On September 27, in the thick of a playoff race and on the final weekend of the season, Santana pitched a complete game 3-hit shutout in a 2–0 win against the Florida Marlins on three-days rest. It was later revealed that Santana had pitched that day, and perhaps in many other starts, with a torn meniscus in his left knee. He underwent successful surgery on it on October 1, 2008.

Santana finished the 2008 regular season with a 16–7 record, posting a 2.53 ERA with 206 strikeouts, which set a Mets' single-season record for strikeouts by a left-handed pitcher, breaking Jon Matlack's 35-year record of 205 in 1973. His 2.53 ERA led the majors and was a career best. He also set a career high in innings pitched and was undefeated in the second half of the season. However, he was also the victim of seven blown saves, tying for first in the majors.[14]

Santana finished in third place in the NL Cy Young Award race behind Brandon Webb and winner Tim Lincecum.

2009 season

On April 7, 2009, Johan Santana started the first game for the New York Mets in the 2009 season against the Cincinnati Reds. He went 5.2 innings allowing only 1 earned run, going on to win. In his second start on April 12 against the Florida Marlins Santana struck out 13 batters and surrendered 2 unearned runs over 7 innings only to lose for the first time since June 28, 2008, against the New York Yankees. On August 25 Santana was placed on the 15-day disabled list and missed the remainder of the season after having to undergo season ending arthroscopic surgery to remove bone chips in his left elbow. Santana finished the season at a record of 13–9 with a 3.13 ERA.[15]

In 2009 he was named # 3 on the Sporting News' list of the 50 greatest current players in baseball. A panel of 100 baseball people, many of them members of the Baseball Hall of Fame and winners of major baseball awards, was polled to arrive at the list.[16]

2010 season

In a start on May 2, 2010 against Philadelphia, Santana gave up 10 runs in 323 innings, the worst start in his MLB career, surpassing his previous worst start on June 14, 2009 versus the Yankees, where he allowed nine runs and nine hits in just three innings. However, in the next 5 starts after that, Santana gave up only 7 earned runs, striking out 21 and improving his record to 4–2 with a 3.03 ERA. Santana hit his first major league home run off of Matt Maloney of the Cincinnati Reds on July 6, finishing the game with a complete game shutout. From July 1 – 23, Santana was 3–0 with a 0.71 ERA in five starts. Santana, who was struggling to keep his 10–9 record through September 2, strained his pectoral muscle in a 65 pitch start versus Atlanta,[17] for the second time in his career.[18] His last game of the season was a win against the Atlanta Braves on September 2. On September 14, he underwent surgery to repair a torn anterior capsule in his left shoulder.[19] Santana ended his season with a record of 11–9 and an ERA of 2.98. This was the third consecutive year that Johan had gotten injured.

2011 season

Johan Santana missed the entire 2011 major league season while he recovered from his shoulder surgery, pitching only in the minors.[20]

2012 season

Santana in his return to the Mets.

On April 5, 2012, Santana was tabbed as the Mets Opening Day starter. This marked the first time Santana pitched in the majors since September 2, 2010 when he tore the anterior capsule in his left shoulder.[21] He went five scoreless innings against the Atlanta Braves, striking out five batters. On May 26, Santana pitched a complete game shut-out against the San Diego Padres, the ninth of his career. He struck out seven over nine innings and improved to 2–2 with a 2.75 ERA over his first ten starts. Then on June 1, Santana pitched a no-hitter against the St. Louis Cardinals. After a few starts on July 21, Santana was placed on the 15-day disabled list by the Mets after spraining his right ankle. Santana was again put on the 15-day disabled list with inflammation in his lower back on August 22. He did not pitch for the remainder of the 2012 season.[22] Santana finished the season 6–9 with a 4.85 ERA and 111 strikeouts in 21 starts and 117 innings pitched.[23]


On June 1, in only the eleventh start since returning from shoulder surgery, Santana threw a no-hitter against the St. Louis Cardinals, the defending World Series champions. This was the first no-hitter in Mets franchise history, coming in their 51st season and 8,020th regular season game. It marked only the eighth no-hitter in MLB history against a defending World Series champion team, the first since former Nolan Ryan blanked the Oakland Athletics in 1990.[24][25] Santana walked five batters, recorded eight strikeouts, and lowered his season ERA to 2.38. He also threw a career-high 134 pitches, and earned the new nickname "No-han". Notable moments in the game included a liner in the sixth inning by former Met Carlos Beltrán, which hit the foul line behind third base but was ruled foul. In the seventh inning, Mike Baxter made a difficult catch in left field, preserving the no-hitter, and then violently crashed into the wall. He left the game with a bruised left shoulder and was subsequently placed on the DL.[26][27]

For throwing the no-hitter, Santana was named National League Player of the Week for the week ending June 3, 2012.[28] It was his fifth such award and followed his teammate R.A. Dickey who won it the prior week.[29] His pitching feat earned him the Key to the City, which was bestowed by Mayor Michael Bloomberg.[30]

2013 season

Santana re-tore his shoulder capsule during early 2013. His surgery was performed on April 3, 2013, by Dr. David Altchek.[31] He missed the entire 2013 season amid questions about if his career would continue.[32]

On November 1, 2013, the Mets bought out his 2014 option, paying Santana a $5.5 million buyout to avoid being responsible for a $25 million option for 2014, making Santana a free agent.[33]

Baltimore Orioles

2014 season

On March 4, 2014, he signed a minor league contract with the Baltimore Orioles, that included an invitation to Major League spring training.[34] He would earn $3 million if he were to make the Major League roster.[35] On June 2, the Orioles selected Santana's contract from the Triple-A Norfolk Tides and placed him on the disabled list.[36] On June 6, Santana tore his Achilles tendon during an extended spring training start and missed the rest of the 2014 MLB season.[37] He became a free agent after the conclusion of the season.

Toronto Blue Jays

2015 season

On February 26, 2015, Santana signed a minor league contract with the

  • Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Retrosheet, or Venezuelan Professional Baseball League
  • Johan Santana's Inspirational Quotes

External links

  1. ^ "Johan Santana – Mets Ace #57". Johan Santana Foundation. Retrieved June 15, 2012. 
  2. ^  
  3. ^ Costello, Brian (February 3, 2008). "Many Twists & Turns In Johan's Journey".  
  4. ^ "Twins' Johan Santana: thriving in his role as a starter: since joining Minnesota's rotation at mid-season in 2003, left-hander has developed into club's ace.". Retrieved November 3, 2008. 
  5. ^ "One Johan was enough". Retrieved November 3, 2008. 
  6. ^ Christensen, Joe (June 20, 2007). "Punto doesn't care where he plays".  
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Bastian, Jordan (November 6, 2007). "AL Gold Gloves show changing of guard". 
  10. ^ "The 2007 Awards". The Fielding Bible. Archived from the original on November 17, 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2010. 
  11. ^ Thesier, Kelly (February 2, 2008). "Santana trade finalized with physical".  
  12. ^ "Santana agrees to $137.5M, 6-year contract with Mets".  
  13. ^ "Dodgers vs. Mets – Recap – June 1, 2008".  
  14. ^ Chuck, Bill. 100 random things about the Red Sox, Rays, and Yankees, The Boston Globe. Published April 2, 2009. Retrieved May 2, 2009.
  15. ^ "Santana, Putz both out for season". Associated Press. August 25, 2009. 
  16. ^ Wolfley, Bob (May 20, 2009). "Braun makes greatest list". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Retrieved September 4, 2009. 
  17. ^ Santana strains pectoral muscle
  18. ^ 1st pectoral strain in Santana's career
  19. ^ Fitzpatrick, Mike (April 5, 2012). "Santana goes 5 innings, Mets beat Braves 1–0". Retrieved June 2, 2012. 
  20. ^ Bahr, Chris. "Johan Santana throws no-hitter for New York Mets; first in franchise history". SportingNews. Retrieved June 2, 2012. 
  21. ^ Puma, Mike (April 1, 2012). "Santana officially Mets' opening day starter". (New York Post). Retrieved April 1, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Johan Santana Placed On 15-Day Disabled List; Is Not Expected To Pitch Again In ’12". CBS News New York. Retrieved August 23, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Johan Santana Player Bio". Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  24. ^ Prewitt, Eric (June 12, 1990). "Ryan Express: 6th No-Hitter; At 43, Extends Record, Beats A's". The Washington Post. p. C1. Nolan Ryan...extended his major league record by pitching a sixth no-hitter...leading the Texas Rangers to a 5–0 triumph over the World Series champion Oakland Athletics 
  25. ^ McCarron, Anthony (June 2, 2012). "FINALLY! After 50 seasons, Johan Amazes Mets by delivering franchise's first no-hitter". New York Daily News. p. 32. Santana got the Cardinals' David Freese to swing and miss at a changeup–what else?–for strike three, completing the first no-hitter in Mets' history in their 8,020th game, an 8–0 victory over the world champion St. Louis Cardinals 
  26. ^ Marchand, Andrew. "Johan Santana tosses no-hitter". ESPN. Retrieved June 2, 2012. 
  27. ^ Simon, Andrew (June 3, 2012). "Mets place Baxter on DL, recall infielder Satin". Retrieved June 3, 2012. 
  28. ^ "Johan Santana of the New York Mets named National League Player of the Week". Major League Baseball. Retrieved June 6, 2012. 
  29. ^ "R.A. Dickey of the New York Mets named National League Player of the Week". Major League Baseball. Retrieved June 6, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Johan receives Key to the City from Bloomberg". Retrieved June 26, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Mets Starter Johan Santana Set For Season-Ending Surgery On Tuesday". CBS News New York. Retrieved March 30, 2013. 
  32. ^ Rubin, Adam (June 14, 2013). "Johan visits Mets at Citi Field".  
  33. ^ Adam Rubin (November 1, 2013). "Mets buy out Johan Santana". Retrieved February 25, 2014. 
  34. ^ "Baltimore Orioles Agree to Minor League Deal with Two-time Cy Young Winner Johan Santana (Updated)". 
  35. ^ "Johan Santana signs with Orioles". Associated Press. March 4, 2014. Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  36. ^ Adams, Steve (June 2, 2014). "Orioles Purchase Johan Santana’s Contract". MLB Trade Rumors. Retrieved June 2, 2014. 
  37. ^ Perry, Dayn. "'"Orioles' Johan Santana to miss rest of 2014 with torn Achilles. CBS Sports. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  38. ^ "Blue Jays sign Johan Santana to minor-league deal".  
  39. ^ Davidi, Shi (February 27, 2015). "Blue Jays make health first priority for Santana".  
  40. ^ Fidlin, Ken (April 7, 2015) Weighted-ball program helps rehabbing Blue Jays pitcher Johan Santana, Toronto Sun.
  41. ^ White, R.J. (April 23, 2015). "Johan Santana sticking with Blue Jays past opt-out date". Retrieved April 23, 2015. 
  42. ^ Liddell, Mackenzie (June 27, 2015). "Johan Santana abandons 2015 MLB comeback bid".  
  43. ^ Snyder, Matt (February 25, 2014). "Velocity reportedly lacking in Johan Santana workout". Retrieved February 26, 2014. 
  44. ^ Santana, Johan (© Copyright 2012 Black Book Partners, LLC. All rights reserved.). "Johan Santana bio".  
  45. ^ Cancel, Daniel (January 24, 2008). "Santana’s Hometown Awaits His Next Move".  
  46. ^ DiComo, Anthony. "Mets, Santana Donate to Tuesday's Children". Retrieved June 19, 2012. 


See also

  • Sports Illustrated MLB All-Decade Team (2009)
  • American League Cy Young Award winner (2004 and 2006, both unanimous selections)
  • TSN Pitcher of the Year (2004, 2006)
  • Player's Choice Outstanding Pitcher (2004, 2006)
  • All-Star (20052007, 2009)
  • American League Gold Glove Award winner (2007)
  • Fielding Bible Award (2007)
  • Warren Spahn Award winner (2004, 2006)
  • Won the Triple Crown as the leader in wins (19), strikeouts (245), and ERA (2.77) in 2006
  • Led AL in wins (2006)
  • Led AL in strikeouts (2004, 2005, 2006)
  • Led AL in ERA (2004, 2006)
  • Led NL in ERA (2008), finishing the season at (2.53). He also set a career high in IP (234.1)
  • Led American League in winning percentage in 2003, finishing the season at 12–3 (.800)
  • Threw 15 career complete games
  • Top 10 Cy Young Award (7th, 2003; Winner, 2004; 3rd, 2005; Winner, 2006; 5th, 2007; 3rd 2008)
  • Top 10 MVP Award (7th, 2006)
  • Fanned former teammate David Ortiz for his 1,000th career strikeout (June 13, 2006).
  • Set a Minnesota Twins record with 17 strikeouts over eight innings against the Rangers.(August 19, 2007)
  • Signed the biggest contract for a pitcher in the history of baseball (February 1, 2008).
  • Threw the first no-hitter in New York Mets history on June 1, 2012 against the St. Louis Cardinals.


In the off-season, Santana uses Florida Gulf Coast University's baseball facility for some of his conditioning work.

In 2006, he started The Johan Santana Foundation to provide assistance to hospitals and bought new gloves and bats for children in surrounding areas. Also in 2006, Santana, as well as the Minnesota Twins, purchased a yellow firetruck for Tovar's fire department. Santana has held a party the past two offseasons called El Cy Youngazo (the Great Cy Young) which includes a toy drive, musical groups, and beer from Santana's sponsor, Regional.[45] Proceeds from Johan's charity wine, Santana's Select, also support his foundation in entirety. In 2012, the Johan Santana Foundation expanded their efforts to reach the Hispanic community of New York by contributing to 9/11.[46]

Santana is the second of five children. He attended Liceo Jose Nucete Sardi High School, where he played center field. He and his wife, Yasmile, whom he has known since he was 9 years old, have two daughters and a son, Johan Jr. Santana missed the New York Mets' first regular season game at Citi Field due to the birth of his son. He and his family reside in the Miromar Lakes community in Estero, Florida in Lee County.

As a child playing in Little League, Santana wanted to play shortstop until coaches told him he couldn't play shortstop because he was a lefty, he taught himself to throw right-handed so he can play shortstop.[44]

Personal life

Santana's pitch repertoire includes an 88–94 mph fastball along with a circle changeup, generally considered his best pitch, and a slider. It was reported on February 25, 2014, that Santana's fastball velocity had dropped to 77-81 mph after his second left shoulder capsule surgery.[43]

Pitching style

[42] On June 27, Santana announced that he was ending his 2015 season due to a toe infection, and plans to resume his comeback in 2016.[41]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.