World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

John Pool

Article Id: WHEBN0000516655
Reproduction Date:

Title: John Pool  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Matt Whitaker Ransom, Joseph Carter Abbott, Thomas Lanier Clingman, 40th United States Congress, Political party strength in North Carolina
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

John Pool

John Pool
United States Senator
from North Carolina
In office
July 14, 1868 – March 4, 1873
Preceded by Thomas L. Clingman
Succeeded by Augustus S. Merrimon
Personal details
Born (1826-06-16)June 16, 1826
Elizabeth City, North Carolina
Died August 16, 1884(1884-08-16) (aged 58)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican

John Pool (June 16, 1826 – August 16, 1884) was a Republican U.S. Senator from the state of North Carolina between 1868 and 1873. He was also the uncle of Congressman Walter Freshwater Pool.

He was born near Elizabeth City, North Carolina and was tutored at home until his attendance at the University of North Carolina, where he studied law. He graduated and was admitted to the bar in 1847, practicing in his home city until serving in the North Carolina Senate in 1856 and 1858. Pool ran against Gov. John W. Ellis in the 1860 election as head of the "Opposition Party," which consisted primarily of former Whigs, like himself.

With the war weariness increasing in civilian parts of the Confederacy during 1863, pro-Union activities began to become organized as resistance. The Loyal Order of the Heroes of America, also known as the "Red Strings", were started by several men from North Carolina, including Henderson Adams, North Carolina's State Auditor during this time. The actual leader was John Pool, who spent some time in a jail in Richmond, and who traveled through western Virginia in 1864.[1]

He was elected by the legislature to serve in the U.S. Senate as a Republican once North Carolina was readmitted in 1868. After his single term, he practiced law in Washington, D.C. until his death in 1884. He is buried in Oak Hill Cemetery.


  1. ^ Turk, David S. The Union Hole: Unionist Activity and Local Conflict in Western Virginia. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1994. Pages 49-50.

External links

United States Senate
Preceded by
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from North Carolina
Served alongside: Joseph C. Abbott, Matt W. Ransom
Succeeded by
Augustus S. Merrimon
Notes and references
1. Because North Carolina seceded from the Union in 1861, seat was declared vacant from 1861 to 1868 when Thomas L. Clingman withdrew from the Senate.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.