World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

John S. Reed

John Shepard Reed
Born 1939
Citizenship American
Alma mater Washington and Jefferson College, MIT Sloan School of Management
Occupation Former CEO, Citigroup; Chairman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology board of trustees

John Shepard Reed (born 1939; age 77) is the former chairman of the New York Stock Exchange. He previously served as chairman and CEO of Citicorp, Citibank, and post-merger, Citigroup. He is currently the chairman of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's board of trustees.[1]


  • Biography 1
  • References 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4


He was born in Chicago, Illinois, and raised in Argentina and Brazil.[2] Reed earned his undergraduate degrees in a 3-2 program from Washington and Jefferson College (W&J) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), earning a B.S. from the MIT Sloan School of Management in 1961.[2] He was also a member of Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity while at W&J and MIT. He served two years in the U.S. Army before returning to get his master's degree in management from the MIT Sloan School of Management in 1965.[3]

Reed was heavily responsible for pushing for the adoption of the ATM around the US, and led Citicorp through a perilous period in the early 1990s. He was approached by Sandy Weill to merge with Travelers Group a year before the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (repealing the Glass–Steagall Act of 1933), allowing banking, insurance and securities companies to merge. The result was Citigroup, where Reed was later ousted in a management shakeup with Weill. Reed's departure was announced in a 28 February 2000 press release. In the aftermath of the November 2008 federal bailout of Citigroup, Reed was described as deeply skeptical of the "Wall Street financial engineering" that led to its collapse and "committed to consumer banking and sound commercial underwriting."[4]

Reed was asked to be interim CEO of the New York Stock Exchange after the Richard Grasso over-compensation scandal. He accepted the job for a $1 salary and set up new governance rules as the NYSE became a public corporation.

Reed is the chairman of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Corporation (board of trustees).[1]

He was a longtime member of the board of directors of Altria Group (and predecessor Phillip Morris Companies) through his retirement in 2008.[5] Parents are Calvin Francis Reed and Virginia Shepard Reed of Toledo, Ohio .


  1. ^ a b "Corporation Member: John Shepard Reed ’61". MIT Corporation website
  2. ^ a b "Reed, John". Education for a Lifetime.  
  3. ^ "John Reed nominated to chair MIT Corporation", MIT News, 12 April 2010
  4. ^ Pearlstein, Steven (2008-11-24). "Too Big to Succeed?". The  
  5. ^ ALTRIA GROUP, INC (Feb 28, 2008). "SEC Form 10K: 2007 Annual Report". United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved 25 May 2013. John S. Reed has elected to retire from the Altria Group, Inc. Board of Directors. 

Further reading

  • Augier, Mie. Making Management Matter: An Interview With John Reed. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 2006, Vol. 5, No. 1, 84-100.
  • "Citigroup Announces the Retirement of John S. Reed Chairman and Co-Chief Executive", Citigroup news release, 28 February 2000 (archived 2008)

External links

  • Testimony before Senate Banking Committee
Business positions
Preceded by
Walter B. Wriston
Chairman of Citicorp/Citigroup
1984–1998 (Citicorp)
1998–2000 (co-Chairman of Citigroup)
Succeeded by
Sanford I. Weill
Preceded by
Richard Grasso
Chairman of the New York Stock Exchange
Succeeded by
Marsh Carter
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.