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Ju (state)

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Title: Ju (state)  
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Subject: Ju (city), Three Huan, Ancient Chinese states, Huang (state), Rui (state)
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Ju (state)

Ju (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) was an Dongyi state in modern Shandong province during the Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BCE) of ancient China.[1] The rulers of Ju had the surname of Ji 己.[2] According to the Shuowen Jiezi, "Ju" means taro or a wooden tool.[3] It was weakened by wars with the states of Chu and Qi. Eventually the state was annexed by Qi, and the City of Ju became a major stronghold of Qi.[4][5]


  1. ^ "Research into the toponymy of Ju County (莒县地名文化调查材料)" (in Chinese). Retrieved November 23, 2010. 
  2. ^ Gu Derong (顾德融); Zhu Shunlong (朱顺龙) (2003). ]History of the Spring and Autumn Period [春秋史. Shanghai People's Publishing House. p. 29.  
  3. ^ 莒国文明注青史 激荡演义六百年
  4. ^ "Three questions regarding the origin of the State of Ju (有关莒国史三个问题的考辨)" (in Chinese). Retrieved November 23, 2010. 
  5. ^ 張俊成:莒公孫朝子鐘銘及年代問題
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