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Judicial district

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Title: Judicial district  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Córdoba, Andalusia, Jaén, Spain, Dos Hermanas, Huesca, Mérida, Spain, Valladolid, Fraga, Segovia, Guadalajara, Castile-La Mancha, Astorga, Spain
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Judicial district

A legal district or judicial district denotes the territorial area for which a legal court (law) has jurisdiction.

Courts in Germany

In Germany, ordinary Gerichtsbarkeit courts are the smallest districts of those courts.[1] There are superior court districts, which usually have several legal districts forming a regional district. Accordingly, the relationship between regional districts and the Oberlandesgericht is designed. To speak of a legal district of the Federal Court is superfluous, because that district would include the entire federal territory.

The rule that courts are only responsible in matters within their legal districts, however, must not be over-represented. The legal process takes a number of schemes under which also matters from a different legal district may be justified, or jurisdiction in those cases in which a domestic court normally is not present.

Courts in Austria

In Austria, a legal district (Gerichtsbezirk) is the smallest area of a District court. A political district (a Verwaltungsbezirk) may include several judicial districts, a district court, however, never extends over more than a political district. In Austria, there were 141 judicial districts in 2007, but a further merging is repeatedly discussed. (See also: Court Organization in Austria, also in German World Heritage Encyclopedia: Gerichtsorganisation in Österreich).



[ Parts of this article were translated from German World Heritage Encyclopedia. ]
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