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Jules Lefebvre

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Title: Jules Lefebvre  
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Jules Lefebvre

Jules Joseph Lefebvre (French: [ʒyl ʒɔzɛf ləfɛːvʁ]) (1836–1911) was a French figure painter, educator and theorist.

Early life

Lefebvre was born in Tournan-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, on 14 March 1836. He entered the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in 1852 and was a pupil of Léon Cogniet.


He won the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1861. Between 1855 and 1898, he exhibited 72 portraits in the Paris Salon. In 1891, he became a member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.

He was an instructor at the Académie Julian in Paris. Lefebvre is chiefly important as an excellent and sympathetic teacher who numbered many Americans among his 1500 or more pupils. Among his famous students were Fernand Khnopff, Kenyon Cox,[1] Félix Vallotton, Georges Rochegrosse, the Scottish-born landscape painter William Hart, and Edmund C. Tarbell, who became an American Impressionist painter. He was long a professor at the École des Beaux-Arts.

Many of his paintings are single figures of beautiful women. Among his best portraits were those of M. L. Reynaud and the Prince Imperial (1874).[1]


Lefebvre died in Paris, on 24 February 1911.

Significant milestones

Selected works

  • 1861 The Death of Priam (Won the Prix de Rome)
  • 1861
  • 1863
  • 1864 Roman Charity
  • 1865 Portrait d'Antonio, modèle italien
  • 1866 Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi
  • 1868 Reclining Nude, Musée d'Orsay.
  • 1869 Le Reveil de Diane
  • 1869 Portrait of Alexandre Dumas
  • 1870 (The Truth)
  • 1870s (Girl with a Mandolin)
  • 1870 Portrait du Prince Impérial
  • 1872
  • 1872 National Gallery of Victoria
  • 1874
  • 1874 Slave Carrying Fruit (Ghent Museum)
  • 1874 Portrait of Eugene Louis Napoleon Bonaparte
  • 1875 , Young & Jackson pub, Melbourne
  • 1876 Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg
  • 1877
  • 1878 Mignon, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  • 1878 Graziella, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  • 1879
  • 1879 , Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires
  • 1880
  • 1881 La Fiametta from Giovanni Boccaccio
  • 1882 (II)
  • 1882 (A Japanese)
  • 1883 Psyche
  • 1884 The Feathered Fan
  • 1884 , private collection
  • 1890
  • 1890
  • 1892
  • 1896 Portrait of a Lady (II)
  • 1898 Amor beim Schärfen seiner Pfeile (Love sharpening its arrows)
  • 1901 Alexander Agassiz
  • 1901 Yvonne (formerly Musée du Luxembourg), Portrait of Lefebvre's daughter

Undated works

  • (The Fiancée)
  • (Wounded Love)


External links

  • TheARTwerx – Lefebvre Gallery Comprehensive archive of 141 images
  • 42 images by Jules Joseph Lefebvre
  • Art Renewal Centre – Lefebvre Gallery

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