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Julien Green

Julien Green
Julien Green in 1933
Born Julian Hartridge Green
(1900-09-06)6 September 1900
Paris, France
Died 13 August 1998(1998-08-13) (aged 97)
Paris, France
Resting place Sankt Egid Church, Klagenfurt, Austria
Pen name Théophile Delaporte
David Irland
Occupation Novelist and essayist
Nationality American
Notable works The Dark Journey
The Closed Garden
Each Man in His Darkness
the Dixie trilogy
Diary (1919-1998)
Autobiography (in four volumes)
Partner Robert de Saint-Jean
Children Éric Jourdan (adopted)


Julien Green (September 6, 1900 – August 13, 1998) was an American writer who authored several novels (The Dark Journey, The Closed Garden, Moira, Each Man in His Darkness, the Dixie trilogy, etc.), a four-volume autobiography (The Green Paradise, The War at Sixteen, Love in America and Restless Youth) and his famous Diary (in nineteen volumes, 1919-1998). He wrote primarily in French and was the first non-French national to be elected to the Académie française.


  • Biography 1
  • Writing 2
  • Relationships and legacy 3
  • Works 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Sources 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9


Julian Hartridge Green was born to American parents in

The youngest of eight children born to Protestant parents, he had a puritanical and overprotective upbringing, his mother being sexually repressive, Green received a Calvinist education in his religious education as a child,[1] but became a Roman Catholic in 1916, two years after his mother's death.[2] The following year, still only 16, he volunteered his services as an ambulanceman in the

  • Julien Green (1900-1998)
  • Julian Green's Spirituality of Writing
  • Julian Green: Modern Gothic
  • Julien Green: Religion and SensualityNewbury, Anthony H.
  • .Julien GreenWildgen,
  • The Motive of Self-Discovery in Julien Green
  • Green at the Internet Movie Database

External links

  • Julien Green: Religion and Sensuality, Anthony H. Newbury. Editions Rodopi (1986) ISBN 90-6203-735-6

Further reading

  • "Georgia History in Fiction: The Quest for Identity in the Civil War Novels of Julien Green", Michael O'Dwyer, Georgia Historical Society, 1998


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Report of Green's conversion to Catholicism in 1916". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  3. ^ "La vie de Julien Green". Société Internationale d'Etudes Greeniennes. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  4. ^ St. Egid, Klagenfurt website. (in German). Retrieved 25 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Find a Grave: Julien Green". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Remembering Julian Green.". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  7. ^ Mark Brown "Newly unearthed ITV play could be first ever gay television drama", The Guardian, 16 March 2013
  8. ^


See also

  • Journal (Diary, 1919–98, nineteen volumes published in Paris, France, from 1938 to 2001)
  • Pamphlet contre les catholiques de France (1924)
  • Mont-Cinère (Avarice House, 1926)
  • Suite anglaise (1927)
  • Le voyageur sur la terre (1927)
  • Adrienne Mesurat (The Closed Garden, 1927)
  • Un puritain homme de lettres (1928)
  • Léviathan (The Dark Journey, 1929)
  • L'autre sommeil (The Other Sleep, 1930)
  • Épaves (The Strange River, 1932)
  • Le visionnaire (The Dreamer, 1934)
  • Minuit (Midnight, 1936)
  • Varouna (Then Shall the Dust Return, 1940)
  • Memories of Happy Days (1942)
  • Si j'étais vous... (If I Were You, 1947)
  • Moïra (Moira, 1950)
  • Sud (South, 1953, a play)
  • L'ennemi (1954, a play)
  • Le malfaiteur (The Transgressor, 1956)
  • L'ombre (1956, a play)
  • Chaque homme dans sa nuit (Each Man in His Darkness, 1960)
  • Partir avant le jour (To Leave Before Dawn / The Green Paradise, 1963)
  • Mille chemins ouverts (The War at Sixteen, 1964)
  • Terre lointaine (Love in America, 1966)
  • Jeunesse (Restless Youth, 1974)
  • L'autre (The Other One, 1971)
  • Qui sommes-nous ? (1972)
  • La liberté (1974)
  • Memories of Evil Days (1976)
  • La Nuit des fantômes (1976)
  • Le Mauvais lieu (1977)
  • Ce qu'il faut d'amour à l'homme (1978)
  • Dans la gueule du temps (1979)
  • Paris (1984)
  • Les Pays lointains (The Distant Lands, Dixie I, 1987)
  • Les Étoiles du Sud (The Stars of the South, Dixie II, 1989)
  • Dixie (Dixie III, 1994)


It was commonly believed he had dual citizenship, but in fact, although born in Paris and writing almost exclusively in the Georges Pompidou reportedly offered him French citizenship in 1972 but Green declined.

At the Académie française, Green succeeded François Mauriac, taking chair number 22 on June 3, 1971. In 1996, he resigned from the Académie which caused a minor scandal.[6] However, he was only formally replaced upon his death.[8]

For many years Green was the companion of Robert de Saint-Jean, a journalist, whom he had met in the 1920s.[6] In his later years Green formally adopted gay fiction writer Éric Jourdan. According to Jourdan, Green decided to move to a house belonging to Caterina Sforza in Forlì, Italy, in 1994. However, Green did not move to this house because his health was failing.

Relationships and legacy

While Green wrote primarily in the French language, he also wrote in English. He translated some of his own works from French to English, sometimes with the help of his sister, Anne Green, an author herself. A collection of some of his translations is published in Le langage et son double, with a side-by-side French-English format, facilitating direct comparison. Despite his being bilingual, Green's texts remain largely unknown in the English-speaking world. Thus far three of his books have been turned into films: Leviathan (1962), for which he wrote the screenplay, is the most famous. Adrienne Mesurat (1953), and La Dame de pique (1965) were also adapted to film. His stage play South (Sud, 1953) was adapted for a British television production in 1959.[7]

In France, both during his life and today, Green's reputation rests principally not on his novels, but on his diary, published in nineteen volumes, and spanning the years 1919 to 1998. These volumes provide a chronicle of his literary and religious life, and a unique window on the artistic and literary scene in Paris over a span of eighty years. Green's style, austere and employing to great effect the passé simple, a literary tense nearly abandoned by many of his French contemporaries, found favor with the Académie française. Green resigned from the Académie shortly before his death, citing his American heritage and loyalties.[6]

Most of Green's books focused on the ideas of faith and religion as well as hypocrisy. Several dealt with the southern United States, and he strongly identified with the fate of the Confederacy, characterizing himself throughout his life as a "Sudiste" (southerner). He inherited this version of patriotism from his mother, who came from a distinguished southern family. Some years before Julien's birth, when Julien's father was offered a choice of posts (with his bank) in either Germany or France, Julien's mother urged the choice of France on the grounds that the French were "also a proud people, recently defeated in war, and we shall understand one another." The reference was to France's 1871 defeat in the Franco-Prussian War.


Julien Green died in Paris shortly before his 98th birthday and is entombed in a chapel designed for him in St. Egid Church, Klagenfurt, Austria.[4][5] His name on the tomb uses the original English spelling "Julian" instead of the French "Julien".[6]

. World War II. Green returned to France after Yul Brynner and André Breton with inter alia, working Voice of America. From there, for almost a year, five times a week, he would address France as part of the radio broadcasts of United States Office of War Information In July 1940, after France's defeat, he went back to America. In 1942, he was mobilized and sent to New York to work at the [3]

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