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Kagawa Prefecture

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Title: Kagawa Prefecture  
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Subject: Nishinippon Broadcasting, Higashikagawa, Kagawa, Mitoyo, Kagawa, Shikoku, Prefectures of Japan
Collection: Kagawa Prefecture, Prefectures of Japan, Shikoku Region
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Kagawa Prefecture

Kagawa Prefecture
香川県
Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 香川県
 • Rōmaji Kagawa-ken
Official logo of Kagawa Prefecture
Symbol of Kagawa Prefecture
Location of Kagawa Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Takamatsu
Government
 • Governor Keizō Hamada
Area
 • Total 1,861.70 km2 (718.81 sq mi)
Area rank 47th
Population (December 1, 2010)
 • Total 995,465
 • Rank 40th
 • Density 534.71/km2 (1,384.9/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-37
Districts 5
Municipalities 17
Flower Olive (Olea europaea)
Tree Olive (Olea europaea)
Bird Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Website www.pref.kagawa.jp

Kagawa Prefecture (香川県 Kagawa-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on Shikoku island.[1] The capital is Takamatsu.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Battle of Yashima 1.1
  • Geography 2
    • Cities 2.1
    • Towns 2.2
    • Mergers 2.3
  • Economy 3
  • Foods 4
  • Demographics 5
  • Education 6
    • Universities 6.1
  • Sports 7
  • Tourism 8
  • Transportation 9
    • Railroad 9.1
    • Bus 9.2
      • Departure from Takamatsu 9.2.1
    • Road 9.3
      • Expressway 9.3.1
      • National Highway 9.3.2
    • Port 9.4
    • Airport 9.5
  • Prefectural symbols 10
  • Miscellaneous topics 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

History

Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.[3]

For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.[4]

Battle of Yashima

Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known struggles between the Heike and the Genji clans.

Geography

Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.

Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Osaka Prefecture held that title until Kansai International Airport was reclaimed from the ocean in the early 1990s, pushing its land area slightly above Kagawa's. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.

As of April 1, 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park and Ōtaki-Ōkawa Prefectural Natural Park.[5]

Cities

Map of Kagawa Prefecture.
Takamatsu
Marugame
Kotohira

Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Foods

Sanuki udon (a type of udon noodle) is a famous local food in Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008 there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture.

People queuing for udon in Kagawa

Demographics

Education

Universities

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.

Baseball

Basketball

Football (Soccer)

Volleyball

Ice Hockey

Tourism

Benesse Art Site Naoshima
Konpira Grand Theater
Takamatsu Dream Illumination in winter
Reoma World Theme Park in Marugame

Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan, and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.

Transportation

Railroad

Bus

Departure from Takamatsu

Road

Expressway

National Highway

  • Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
  • Route 30
  • Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
  • Route 193
  • Route 318
  • Route 319
  • Route 377
  • Route 436
  • Route 438

Port

Airport

Prefectural symbols

Sanuki udon, Kotohira Shrine

Miscellaneous topics

The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.

References

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in , p. 446Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links

  • Kagawa Prefecture English homepage
  • (Japanese) Official Kagawa Prefecture Japanese homepage
  • National Archives of Japan ... Kagawa map (1891)
  • Notes from Shikoku in English

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