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Kagawa Prefecture

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Title: Kagawa Prefecture  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Nishinippon Broadcasting, Higashikagawa, Kagawa, Mitoyo, Kagawa, Shikoku, Prefectures of Japan
Collection: Kagawa Prefecture, Prefectures of Japan, Shikoku Region
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kagawa Prefecture

Kagawa Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 香川県
 • Rōmaji Kagawa-ken
Official logo of Kagawa Prefecture
Symbol of Kagawa Prefecture
Location of Kagawa Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Takamatsu
 • Governor Keizō Hamada
 • Total 1,861.70 km2 (718.81 sq mi)
Area rank 47th
Population (December 1, 2010)
 • Total 995,465
 • Rank 40th
 • Density 534.71/km2 (1,384.9/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-37
Districts 5
Municipalities 17
Flower Olive (Olea europaea)
Tree Olive (Olea europaea)
Bird Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)

Kagawa Prefecture (香川県 Kagawa-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on Shikoku island.[1] The capital is Takamatsu.[2]


  • History 1
    • Battle of Yashima 1.1
  • Geography 2
    • Cities 2.1
    • Towns 2.2
    • Mergers 2.3
  • Economy 3
  • Foods 4
  • Demographics 5
  • Education 6
    • Universities 6.1
  • Sports 7
  • Tourism 8
  • Transportation 9
    • Railroad 9.1
    • Bus 9.2
      • Departure from Takamatsu 9.2.1
    • Road 9.3
      • Expressway 9.3.1
      • National Highway 9.3.2
    • Port 9.4
    • Airport 9.5
  • Prefectural symbols 10
  • Miscellaneous topics 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13


Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.[3]

For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.[4]

Battle of Yashima

Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known struggles between the Heike and the Genji clans.


Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.

Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Osaka Prefecture held that title until Kansai International Airport was reclaimed from the ocean in the early 1990s, pushing its land area slightly above Kagawa's. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.

As of April 1, 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park and Ōtaki-Ōkawa Prefectural Natural Park.[5]


Map of Kagawa Prefecture.

Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:


These are the towns in each district:




Sanuki udon (a type of udon noodle) is a famous local food in Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008 there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture.

People queuing for udon in Kagawa





The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.



Football (Soccer)


Ice Hockey


Benesse Art Site Naoshima
Konpira Grand Theater
Takamatsu Dream Illumination in winter
Reoma World Theme Park in Marugame

Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan, and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.




Departure from Takamatsu



National Highway

  • Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
  • Route 30
  • Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
  • Route 193
  • Route 318
  • Route 319
  • Route 377
  • Route 436
  • Route 438



Prefectural symbols

Sanuki udon, Kotohira Shrine

Miscellaneous topics

The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in , p. 446Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^
  5. ^

External links

  • Kagawa Prefecture English homepage
  • (Japanese) Official Kagawa Prefecture Japanese homepage
  • National Archives of Japan ... Kagawa map (1891)
  • Notes from Shikoku in English

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