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Kazakh Braille

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Kazakh Braille

Kazakh Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Kazakh
Parent systems
Braille
Print basis
Kazakh alphabet

The braille alphabet used for the Kazakh language is based on Russian Braille, with several additional letters found in the print Kazakh alphabet.

Alphabet

Kazakh uses all of the letters of the Russian alphabet, though some just in loans, and has the additional letters ә, ғ, қ, ң, һ, ө, ұ, ү, і.

Print а a ә ä б b в v г g ғ ğ д d е e ё yo ж j з z и ï й y к k
Braille ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
Print қ q л l м m н n ң ñ о o ө ö п p р r с s т t у w ұ u ү ü
Braille ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠬ (braille pattern dots-346) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
Print ф f х x һ h ц c ч ç ш ş щ şş ъ ы ı і i ь э é ю yu я ya
Braille ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246)

Apart from і, which once existed in Russian Braille, and ұ, which parallels the reversed u of Belarusian Braille, the braille values assigned to the extra Kazakh letters do not follow the assignments of other languages that use the Cyrillic script in print. They also do not follow international norms, apart from ә (Latin ä).

Punctuation

Single punctuation:

Print , . ? ! ; :
Braille ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256) ⠢ (braille pattern dots-26) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)

Paired punctuation:

Kazakh Braille is reported to use the Russian arithmetical parentheses .

Print « ...... » ( ...... )
Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)

Formatting

italics capital number
⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)

See also

References

  • UNESCO (2013) World Braille Usage, 3rd edition.
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