World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Khatlon province

Article Id: WHEBN0008044056
Reproduction Date:

Title: Khatlon province  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Military of Tajikistan, Emomalii Rahmon, Nurak, Baljuvon District, Vakhsh District, Vose' District, Danghara District, Yovon District, Rumi District, Kulob District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Khatlon province

Khatlon Province
Country Tajikistan
Capital Qurghonteppa (Kurgan-Tyube)
Area 24,800 km2 (9,575 sq mi)
Population 2,579,300 (2008)
Density 104.0 / km2 (269 / sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 TJ-KT

Khatlon Province (Tajik: Хатлон/Persian: ختلان‎), sometimes misspelt Khatlan, one of the three provinces of Tajikistan (Tajik: вилоят, viloyat) and is the most populous of the four first level administrative regions. It is situated in the southwest of the country, between the Hisor (Gissar) Range in the north and the Panj River in the south and borders on Afghanistan in the southeast and on Uzbekistan in the west. During Soviet times Khatlon was divided into Kurgan-Tyube (Qurghonteppa) Oblast (Western Khatlon) – with the Kofarnihon and Vakhsh river valleys – and Kulob Oblast (Eastern Khatlon) – with the Kyzylsu and Yakhsu river valleys. Both regions were merged in November 1992 into today's Khatlon Province (or viloyat). The capital is the city of Qurghonteppa, formerly known as Kurgan-Tyube.

Khatlon has an area of 24,800 square kilometres and consists of 24 districts – 14 in Western Khatlon and 10 in Eastern Khatlon. The total population of Khatlon in 2008 was 2,579,300,[1] up from 2,149,500 in the 2000 population census. The population in Khatlon is mainly engaged in agricultural activities, especially cotton growing and cattle raising. Only two or three percent of the population work in the industrial sector.


During the Soviet era, Khatlon became one of the two main cotton regions in Tajikistan. The other one is in Sughd (Leninabad). Collectivisation of agriculture was implemented aggressively in the early 1930s, to expand the extent of cotton cultivation in Tajikistan as a whole, with particular emphasis on the southern part of the republic. The process included violations against peasants, substantial expansion of the irrigation network, and forcible resettlement of mountain peoples and people from Uzbekistan to the lowlands.[2]

The results of this policy are to be seen in the ethnic composition of Salua oblast as well as in the fact that the Tajik population identifies themselves either as Gharmis (resettled from the mountains) or Kulobis. These groups never melted, and fought against each other during the Civil War in Tajikistan. Khatlon oblast suffered the heaviest damage in Tajikistan.

Since the conflicts leading to the civil war were never really resolved, tensions in the region still exist. The eastern part – Kulob – is home to the president and his clan and has thus gained a lot of political influence. During Soviet times, the region cooperated with the then ruling elite from Leninabad, and was responsible for the militia, the army and the security forces. Kulob is regarded as a very conservative region. In the capital Qurghonteppa and parts of Kulob, the Islamic opposition has a lot of support among the Garmis.[3]

The Kulyab clan is based in Khatlon.[4] In February 1996 Colonel Mahmud Khudoiberdiyev launched a rebellion, insisting that three officials from the Kulyab clan resign before he ended the rebellion. The government complied. Additionally, Prime Minister Dzhamshed Karimov and Abudzhalil Khamidov, the Chairman of the Leninabad Oblast executive committee, resigned.[5]



The ethnic composition of Kulob region is: 85% Tajiks, 13% Uzbeks, 2% others. In Qurghonteppa the breakdown is 59% Tajiks, 32% Uzbeks and three percent Russian.

See also


Coordinates: 37°50′N 69°00′E / 37.833°N 69.000°E / 37.833; 69.000

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.