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Kindle Fire

Amazon Kindle Fire
Developer, Inc.
Manufacturer Quanta Computer[1]
Generation 1st
Release date November 15, 2011 (2011-11-15) (USA)
September 6,  2012 (2012-09-06) (Europe)
December 18, 2012 (2012-12-18) (Japan)
Units sold 7 million (as of October 2012)[2]
Operating system Based on Android OS 2.3.3 (customized: 6.3.2_user_4110520) (1st gen.)
Based on Android 4.0.3 (customized: 10.5.0_user_5060020) (2nd gen.)
System-on-chip used Texas Instruments OMAP 4 4430
CPU 1.2 GHz Dual-core Cortex-A9 (ARMv7)
Memory 512 MB RAM (1st gen.)
1 GB RAM (2nd gen.)[3]
Storage 8 GB[4]
Display 7 inch multi-touch Gorilla Glass display, 1024×600 at 169 ppi, 16 million colors.[4] Capacitive touch sensitive.[5]
Connectivity Micro-USB 2.0 (type B)[6]
3.5 mm stereo socket[6]
802.11b/g/n Wi-Fi
Online services Amazon Prime, Amazon Cloud Storage, Amazon Cloud Player, Amazon Instant video, Amazon Silk, Amazon App Store, Amazon Kindle Store
Dimensions 190 mm (7.5 in) H
120 mm (4.7 in) W
11.4 mm (0.45 in) D
Weight 413 g (14.6 oz)[7]
Successor Kindle Fire HD
Website Amazon Kindle Fire
Kindle Fire showing components, back cover removed

The Kindle Fire is a tablet computer version of's Kindle e-book reader. Built with Quanta Computer, the Kindle Fire was announced on September 28, 2011, featuring a color 7-inch multi-touch display with IPS technology and running a custom version of Google's Android operating system called Fire OS. The device—which includes access to the Amazon Appstore, streaming movies and TV shows, and Kindle's e-books—was released to consumers in the United States on November 15, 2011. On September 7, 2012, upgrades to the device were announced with consumer availability to those European countries with a localized version of Amazon's website (United Kingdom,[8] France, Germany, Italy and Spain).[9]

The Kindle Fire's external dimensions are 7.5 × 4.7 × 0.45 inches (191 × 119 × 11 mm).[10] The visible area of the screen is 6 × 3.5 inches (152 × 89 mm). The Kindle Fire originally retailed for US$199.[11] Estimates of the device's initial bill of materials ranged from $150 to $201.70.[12][13] Amazon's business strategy is to make money through sales of digital content on the Fire, rather than through the device itself.[14][15][16]

On September 6, 2012, the Kindle Fire was upgraded to the second generation, and its price was reduced to $159, RAM upgraded to 1 GB and processor clock speed upgraded to 1.2 GHz. A more powerful and video-friendly version, the Kindle Fire HD (7 and 8.9 inch versions) were also made available, initially priced at $199 and $299.[17][18]

On September 25, 2013, the new Kindle Fire HD (7 inch), priced at $139, and the Kindle Fire HDX were introduced. The Kindle Fire HDX has a new graphics engine, double the memory, and triple the processor speed of the previous model. The 7-inch and 8.99-inch versions were introduced at $229 and $379 respectively.[19][20]

As of October 2012, the Kindle Fire was the second best selling tablet after Apple's iPad, with about 7 million units sold according to estimates by Forrester Research[2] and as of 2013 Amazon's tablets are fourth.[21]


  • Design 1
    • Hardware 1.1
    • Software 1.2
  • Reception 2
  • Sales 3
  • Models 4
  • Gallery 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8



The Kindle Fire hardware was manufactured by Quanta Computer (an Original Design Manufacturer), which had also helped design the BlackBerry PlayBook, using it as a hardware template for the Kindle Fire.[22] Kindle Fire devices employ a 1-GHz Texas Instruments OMAP 4430 dual-core processor. The device has a multi-touch color screen with a diagonal length of 7 inches (180 mm) and a 600×1024-pixel resolution (160 dpi density). Connectivity is through 802.11n Wi-Fi and USB 2.0 (Micro-B connector). The device includes 8 GB of internal storage—said to be enough for 80 applications, plus either 10 movies or 800 songs or 6,000 books.[23][24] According to Amazon's list of technical details, the Kindle Fire's 4400 mAh battery sustains up to 8 hours of consecutive reading and up to 7.5 hours of video playback with wireless off.[25]

Of the 8 GB internal storage, approximately 6.5 GB is available for content.[26]

The first-generation Kindle Fire has a sensor on the upper left-hand corner of the screen. This is widely considered to be an ambient-light sensor, disabled since an early software upgrade.[27]


The first generation of Kindle Fire devices run a customized Android 2.3.3 Gingerbread OS.[28] The second generation Kindle Fire HD runs a customized Android 4.0.3 Ice Cream Sandwich OS.[29] Along with access to Amazon Appstore,[6][30] the Fire includes a cloud-accelerated "split browser", Amazon Silk, using Amazon EC2 for off-device cloud computation; including webpage layout and rendering, and Google's SPDY protocol for faster webpage content transmission.[31][32][33] The user's Amazon digital content is given free storage in Amazon Cloud's web-storage platform,[6] 5 GB music storage in Amazon Cloud Drive, and a built-in email application allows webmail (Gmail, Yahoo!, Hotmail, AOL Mail, etc.) to be merged into one inbox.[6] The subscription-based Amazon Prime, which includes unlimited streaming of movies and TV shows, is available with a free 30 day trial period.[6]

Content formats supported are Kindle Format 8 (KF8), Kindle Mobi (.azw), TXT, PDF, unrestricted MOBI, PRC natively, Audible (Audible Enhanced (AA, AAX)), DOC, DOCX, JPEG, GIF, PNG, BMP, non-DRM AAC, MP3, MIDI, , WAV, MP4, VP8.[6]

Because of Amazon's USB driver implementation, the Kindle Fire suffers from slow USB transfer speeds. For example, transferring an 800MB video file may take more than three minutes.[34]


Analysts had projected the device to be a strong competitor to Apple's iPad,[11][35] and that other Android device makers would suffer lost sales.[36][37]

In a review published by Project Gutenberg, the Kindle Fire was called a "huge step back in freedom from the Kindle 3"; the reviewer noted that Amazon introduced a "deliberate limitation" into the Fire that didn't exist in the previous version: it is no longer possible to download free e-books from websites such as Project Gutenberg, Internet Archive and Google Books and have them stored permanently in the same places where books from Amazon are kept.[38]


Customers began receiving their Kindle Fires on November 15, 2011, and by the following December, customers had purchased over a million Kindle devices per week.[39] International Data Corporation (IDC) estimated that the Kindle Fire sold about 4.7 million units during the fourth quarter of 2011.[40]

Recently, the Amazon Kindle Fire helped the company beat their 2012 first quarter estimates and boosted the company's stock in extended trading.[41] As of May 2013, about 7 million units have been sold according to estimates.[2]


Generation 1st generation (2011) 2nd generation (2012)
Model Kindle Fire Kindle Fire
Release date November 15, 2011 September 14, 2012
Status Discontinued Discontinued
Screen size 7
Resolution 1024 × 600 (169 ppi)
OS Based on Android OS 2.3.3 Based on Android OS 4.0.3
CPU Dual-core 1 GHz TI OMAP4 4430 Dual-core 1.2 GHz TI OMAP4 4430
GPU Imagination Technologies PowerVR SGX540
RAM 512 MB 1 GB
Wi-Fi 802.11 b/g/n
Storage 8 GB
Dimensions 190 × 120 × 11.4 mm (7.48 × 4.72 × 0.45 in) 189 × 120 × 11.5 mm (7.44 × 4.72 × 0.45 in)
Weight 413 g (14.6 oz) 400 g (14 oz)
Battery 4400 mAh


See also


  1. ^ Lai, Marcus (27 September 2011). "Amazon to burn new tablet this week, says report". Punch Jump. Punch Jump LL C. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Brian X. Chen (2012-10-19). "How Are 7-Inch Tablets Doing?".  
  3. ^ "Kindle Fire Device and Feature Specifications". Amazon Mobile app distribution. Amazon. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Lee, Tyler (28 September 2011). "Amazon Kindle Fire unveiled". Ubergizmo. Blogzilla LLC. 
  5. ^ Shahbaaz (September 28, 2011). "Amazon Unveils Kindle Fire Android Tablet ($199) & Kindle Touch ($99), Kindle 2011 Priced at $79!". 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Kindle Fire - the Amazon Tablet with Full Color 7" Multi-Touch Display, Wi-Fi". Retrieved 2011-10-02. 
  7. ^ Grabham, Dan (October 31, 2011). "Amazon Kindle Fire: what you need to know Updated: Kindle tablet release date, specs, features and more".  
  8. ^ "Kindle Fire Comes to the UK—Introducing the All-New Kindle Fire HD and Kindle Fire". Press releases. 6 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  9. ^ "Amazon's Kindle Fire to go on sale in Europe (AFP)". 6 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  10. ^ Kindle Fire Amazon description Accessed: 11/23/2011
  11. ^ a b "Amazon's Kindle Fire tablet to sell at $199, challenging iPad". Chicago Tribune. 28 September 2011. Archived from the original on 26 October 2011. 
  12. ^ Merritt, Rick (28 September 2011). "Kindle Fire profitable at estimated $150 BoM".  
  13. ^ Olivarez-Giles, Nathan (18 November 2011). "Amazons 199 Kindle Fire costs 201.70 to build, report says".  
  14. ^ Myslewski, Rik (30 September 2011). "Amazon's Kindle Fire is sold at a loss". The Register. 
  15. ^ Whitney, Lance (29 September 2011). "Amazon to lose $50 on each Kindle Fire, says analyst".  
  16. ^ Naughton, John (2 October 2011). "Kindle Fire: the tablet that knows your next move". The Guardian /  
  17. ^ Martin, James. "Amazon Kindle Fire". CNET. Retrieved 7 September 2012. 
  18. ^ Kindle Fire HD at store
  19. ^ Franklin, Eric. "Amazon Kindle Fire HDX 7 - Tablets - CNET Reviews". Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  20. ^ Wilson Rothman (2012-05-18). "Amazon's Kindle Fire HDX tablets pose real threat to iPad dominance". NBC Retrieved 2013-09-25. 
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ "The Amazon tablet will look like a PlayBook - because it basically is.". Engadget. Retrieved 2014-06-19. 
  23. ^ Murph, Darren (28 September 2011). "Amazon Kindle Fire tablet unveiled: Android-based, 7-inch display, $199 price tag".  
  24. ^ Ziegler, Chris (28 September 2011). "Amazon Kindle Fire vs. iPad 2 vs. Nook Color: by the numbers".  
  25. ^ "Kindle Fire - Full Color 7" Multi-Touch Display with Wi-Fi". Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  26. ^ Dawson, Christopher (17 November 2011). "Kindle Fire: Edu holy grail or one more DRM-ridden toy?". ZDNet. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  27. ^ "Eric Bergman-Terrell's Blog". Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  28. ^ Hollister, Sean (28 September 2011). "Amazon’s Kindle Fire UI: it’s Android, but not quite".  
  29. ^ "Getting Started with Kindle Fire". 
  30. ^ Tung, Liam (2011-09-20). "Amazon opens global Appstore by stealth". Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  31. ^ Boulton, Clint (29 September 2011). "Amazon EC2 Underlies Kindle Tablet 'Silk' Browser".  
  32. ^ "Introducing Amazon Silk".  
  33. ^ 'Amazon Silk team' (28 September 2011). "Introducing Amazon Silk". 
  34. ^ Ku, Andrew (November 24, 2011). "Storage Performance: Slightly Faster Than USB 1.0?! : The Amazon Kindle Fire: Benchmarked, Tested, And Reviewed".  
  35. ^ Letzing, John (September 28, 2011). "Amazon to Challenge iPad". The Wall Street Journal.  
  36. ^ "Amazon's Kindle Fire Will 'Vaporize' Android But Leave Apple Unscathed". Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  37. ^ Lee Brodie, ed. (28 September 2011). Gene Munster: Samsung, Others Should Worry about Kindle Fire. ( 
  38. ^ "Kindle Fire Review".  
  39. ^ "Amazon Appstore Presentation at CES". Amazon Appstore Developer Blog. January 6, 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  40. ^ Thomas Claburn (2012-04-07). "iPad Mini: 6 Reasons Apple Must Do It".  
  41. ^ Nakashima, Ryan. "Kindle Fire helps Amazon beat 1Q estimates". Yahoo News -Tech. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 

External links

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