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Kongu Nadu

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Title: Kongu Nadu  
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Subject: Coimbatore district, Coimbatore, Gobichettipalayam, Erode, Erode district
Collection: Natural Regions, Proposed States and Territories of India, Regions of Tamil Nadu
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Kongu Nadu

Kongu Nadu
Geographical area
Coimbatore, largest metropolitan city in the region.
Coimbatore, largest metropolitan city in the region.
Kongu Nadu region within Tamil Nadu
Kongu Nadu region within Tamil Nadu
Country  India
Region South India
 • Body Government of Tamil Nadu
 • Total 25,864 km2 (9,986 sq mi)
Population (2001)[1]
 • Total 15,700,000 (approx.)
 • Density 607/km2 (1,570/sq mi)
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 635-642xxx
Vehicle registration TN 27-42, TN 47, TN 52, TN 54, TN 56, TN 66, TN 77, TN 78, TN 86 TN 88, TN 99
Largest city Coimbatore
Literacy 62.61%
Civic agency Government of Tamil Nadu

Kongu Nadu is a region and [4]


  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
  • Economy 4
  • Cuisine 5
  • Separate statehood 6
  • Sources 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


There is no definite origin for the word Kongu. Kongu Nadu is believed to have come from "Kongadesam", "Konga" a derivant of the term "Ganga", meaning "land of the Gangas".[5] Kongu may also mean nectar of flowers.[6]


The advent of the early historical period in south India is generally dated to the 3rd century BCE. As mentioned earlier, recent archaeological data from the site of

External links

  1. ^ Census of India, 2001. Census Data Online, Population.
  2. ^ Edgar Thurston; K. Rangachari (1987). Castes and Tribes of Southern India. Asian Educational Services. pp. 156–.  
  3. ^ Edgar Thurston; K. Rangachari (1987). Castes and Tribes of Southern India. Asian Educational Services. pp. 230–.  
  4. ^ a b "Kongu Nadu Desham Website Info : Significance of Kongu Nadu". Retrieved on 2012-05-03.
  5. ^ P. Shungoonny Menon (1 January 1998). History of Travancore from the Earliest Times. Asian Educational Services. pp. 33–.  
  6. ^ V. Ramamurthu, History of Kongu: Volume 1, (1986), pp.19
  7. ^ Upinder Singh (2009). A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century. Addison Wesley Pub Co Inc.  
  8. ^ Sasisekaran, B.; Raghunatha Rao, B. (1999). "I 999" (PDF). Indian Journal of History of Science 34 (4). 
  9. ^ Rajan, K.; Athiyaman, N. (2004). "Traditional Gemstone Cutting Technology of Kongu Region in Tamil Nadu" (PDF). Indian Journal of History of Science 39 (4): 385–414. 
  10. ^ Rami Reddy, V.; Chandrasekhar Reddy, B.K. (2004). "Morphometric Status of Human Skeletal Remains From Kodumanal, Periyar District, Tamil Nadu" (PDF). Anthropologist 6 (4): 104–112. 
  11. ^ Rao, Subha J. (1 October 2005). "Writing on the rock".  
  12. ^ Parthasarathy, Indira (2 August 2003). "Records and revelations".  
  13. ^ "A 2,500-year-old industrial estate". 
  14. ^ Francis Hamilton; East India Company (1807). A journey from Madras through the countries of Mysore, Canara, and Malabar: performed under the orders of the most noble the Marquis Wellesley, governor general of India, for the express purpose of investigating the state of agriculture, arts, and commerce; the religion, manners, and customs; the history natural and civil, and antiquities, in the dominions of the rajah of Mysore, and the countries acquired by the Honourable East India company. T. Cadell and W. Davies. pp. 330–. Retrieved 3 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "Kongu Food Info : Kongunadu Cuisine". 
  16. ^ "Kongu Food Info by Times : Kongunadu Cuisine by TOI". The Times Of India. 26 March 2011. 
  17. ^ kongu : 17 Recipes. Retrieved on 2012-05-03.
  18. ^ "India may have 50 states if new demands met". The Hindu. 4 August 2013. 
  19. ^ "Region's 'neglect' by governments prompted party formation". 
  20. ^ "Beginning with message of conservation". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 10 April 2009. 
  21. ^ "KMP to work for progressive Western Tamil Nadu". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 29 April 2009. 
  22. ^ "Roman Karur". Retrieved 3 May 2012. 


  • Kongudesarajakkal, Government manuscript Library, Chennai
  • Dheeran Chinnamalai by Pulavar Dr. Rasu
  • Roman Karur by Dr. Nagaswamy[22]


There have been numerous claims that Kongu Nadu region has often been ignored by successive governments in spite of being the largest contributor to the state's economy. There have been demands for the creation of separate state of Kongu Nadu, comprising the regions of western Tamil Nadu, parts of southern Karanataka and northern Kerala. A number of political outfits namely, Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam, Kongu Vellala Goundergal Peravai, Tamil Nadu Kongu Ilaignar Peravai are active in the region claiming to fight for the rights of the region.[18][19][20][21]

Separate statehood

Kongu Nadu cuisine is basically a collection of exotic recipes being created by the people residing in the Kongu region. The cuisine is quite extensive for a simple reason that the region is vast. Unlike other cuisines, Kongu Nadu cuisine does not involve marination of any raw material. As a result the food has a different taste and unique texture.Turmeric is always added into curries which gives the product a deep yellow color and an aromatic substance including Arisemparupu, famously known only in Kongu region. Large use of copra is prevalent due to the abundance of coconut trees in the region. The traditional Kongu people were mostly vegetarians for religious reason.[14] "Oppitu" or "Vazhai" is a type of sweet made with the basic ingredients rice, karupatti (Palm Jaggery) Cardamom, Ghee.[15][16][17]


Kongu nadu had a flourishing economy from ancient times and had trade contacts with foreign nations. [4]


Kongunadu comprises the modern day districts of Coimbatore District, Nilgiri District, Tirupur District, Erode District, Karur District , Namakkal District, Salem District, Dharmapuri District, parts of Dindigul District, parts of Tiruchirappalli District in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu and also parts of South-western India including Wayanad District, Malappuram District, Palakkad District, Idukki District in the Kerala state and Kodagu District, Kolar District, Tumkur District, Chamarajanagar District in Karnataka state.


A musical inscription in Tamil Brahimi was found in a cave in the Arachalur region, dating from the Fourth Century A.D. Iravatham Mahadevan writes that these are syllables used in dance.[11][12]

[10] Tamil-Brahmi writings are also found in coins, seals and rings of the Sangam age. Many of them have been picked up from the Amaravathi river bed near Karur. A smaller number of inscribed objects have been picked up from the beds of other rivers like South Pennar and Vaigai.[9]Kodumanal Kodumanal was popular for the gem-cutting industry and manufacture of jewels. Sites bearing natural reserves of semi-precious stones such as beryls, sapphire and quartz are located in the vicinity of Kodumanal. Beads of sapphire, beryl, agate, carnelian, amethyst, lapis lazulli, jasper, garnet, soapstone and quartz were unearthed from here. The samples were in different manufacturing stages – finished, semi-finished, drilled and undrilled, polished and unpolished and in the form of raw material. Chips and stone slabs, one with a few grooved beads, clearly demonstrate that these were manufactured locally at [8]

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