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Kōshō Uchiyama

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Title: Kōshō Uchiyama  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Shōhaku Okumura, Zazen, Sōtō, Arthur Braverman, Origami
Collection: 1912 Births, 1998 Deaths, Buddhist Writers, Japanese Zen Buddhists, Origami Artists, Soto Zen Buddhists, Zen Buddhist Monks and Priests
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Kōshō Uchiyama

Kosho Uchiyama
Religion Zen Buddhism
School Sōtō
Nationality Japanese
Born 1912
Tokyo, Japan
Died March 1998 (aged 85–86)
Senior posting
Based in Antai-ji
Title Rōshi
Predecessor Kodo Sawaki
Successor Koho Watanabe
Shohaku Okumura

Kosho Uchiyama (内山 興正 Uchiyama Kōshō, 1912—March 13, 1998) was a Sōtō priest, origami master, and abbot of Antai-ji near Kyoto, Japan.

Uchiyama was author of more than twenty books on Zen Buddhism and origami,[1] of which Opening the Hand of Thought: Foundations of Zen Buddhist Practice is best known.


  • Education and career 1
  • Opening the Hand of Thought 2
  • Bibliography 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Education and career

Uchiyama graduated from Waseda University with a masters degree in Western philosophy in 1937 and was ordained a priest in 1941 by his teacher Kōdō Sawaki.[2] Throughout his life, Uchiyama lived with the damaging effects of tuberculosis.[3]

Uchiyama became abbot of Antai-ji following Sawaki's death in 1965 until he retired in 1975 to Nokei-in, also near Kyoto, where he lived with his wife.[1] Following the death of his teacher he led a forty-nine day sesshin in memorial of his teacher.[2] In retirement he continued his writing, the majority of which consisted of poetry.[3]

Opening the Hand of Thought

Opening the Hand of Thought was published in 2004 in English, translated and edited by Jishō Cary Warner and Thomas Wright (who helped with the book's earlier editions in 1973 and 1993),[4] as well as Uchiyama's Dharma heir Shohaku Okumura. The book attempts to describe Zen and zazen. Uchiyama compares Buddhism and Christianity.[5] His summary is:

"one zazen, two practices, three minds"[6]

which refers to his own formula: two practices of "vow" and "repentance", and three minds: "magnanimous mind, nurturing mind and joyful mind".[7] He says his book covers butsudō, the effort of an individual to actualize their universal self.[8]


  • Uchiyama, Kosho;  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (2007). Shōbō genzō hachidainingaku o ajiwau. Tokyo: Daihōrinkaku.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho; Jōichi Yamamoto (2005). Fukan zazengi o yomu : shūkyō to shiteno dōgenzen. Tokyo: Daihōrinkaku.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho; Thomas Wright;  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (2000). Uvolnit sevření mysli: cesta k zenu. Praha: DharmaGaia.  
  • The Zen Teaching of 'Homeless Kodo'Uchiyama Kōshō (1990):
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (2000). The Zen Teaching of "Homeless" Kôdô. Frankfurt am Main, Foockenstr: 5 Keller.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho;  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1989). Shōbō genzō gyōbutsu igi o ajiwau. Tokyo: Hakujusha.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1987). Shōbō genzō genjō kōan o ajiwau. Tokyo: Hakujusha.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1987). Inochi no hataraki : Chiji shingi o ajiau : shinsōban. Tokyo: Hakujusha.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1984). Shōbō genzō : uji shoaku makusa o ajiwau. Tōkyo: Hakujusha, Shōwa 59.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1983). Refining Your Life: From the Zen Kitchen to Enlightenment. Weatherhill.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho;  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1974). Réalité du Zen. Le chemin vers soi-même. Le Courrier du Livre.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1973). Approach to Zen: The Reality of Zazen/Modern Civilization and Zen. Japan Publications.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1973). Weg zum Selbst: Zen-wirklichkeit. Barth.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1967). Modern Civilization and Zen: What Kind of Religion is Buddhism?. Administrative Office of Soto Sect.  
  • Uchiyama, Kosho (1962). Origami. Tokyo: Kokudosha.  


  1. ^ a b Uchiyama, 201
  2. ^ a b Ford, 139
  3. ^ a b Wright & Warner
  4. ^ Uchiyama 2004, p. 202.
  5. ^ Uchiyama 2004, pp. 110–111.
  6. ^ Uchiyama 2004, p. 158.
  7. ^ Uchiyama 2004, pp. 158–161.
  8. ^ Uchiyama 2004, pp. xxxv–xxxvi.


  • Uchiyama, Kosho; Thomas Wright;  
  • Wright, Daitsu Tom;  

External links

  • Seven chapters from Uchiyama's book "The Zen Teaching of 'Homeless Kodo'"
  • Kosho Uchiyama: "To you who are still dissatisfied with your zazen"
  • Kosho Uchiyama: "To you who has decided to become a Zen monk"
  • (Polish language)
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