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Lhotse

Lhotse
The South Face of Lhotse as seen from the climb up to Chukhung Ri.
Elevation 8,516 m (27,940 ft)[1]
Ranked 4th
Prominence 610 m (2,000 ft)[2]
Listing Eight-thousander
Location
Lhotse is located in Nepal
Lhotse
Lhotse
Location in Nepal
Location Nepal (Khumbu)
China (Tibet Autonomous Region)
Range Mahalangur Himal
Coordinates [2]
Climbing
First ascent May 18, 1956
Fritz Luchsinger, Ernst Reiss
(First winter ascent 31 December 1988 Krzysztof Wielicki)
Easiest route glacier/snow/ice climb
Kangshung Face as seen from orbit

Lhotse (Nepali: ल्होत्से; Chinese: 洛子峰; pinyin: Luòzǐ Fēng; Tibetan: ལྷོ་རྩེWylie: lho rtse, ZYPY: Lhozê) is the fourth highest mountain in the world at 8,516 metres (27,940 ft), after Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga. It is connected to Everest via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres (27,940 ft) above sea level, Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 m (27,605 ft) and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 m (27,503 ft). It is located at the border between Tibet (China) and the Khumbu region of Nepal.

Contents

  • Climbing 1
    • Timeline 1.1
    • Lhotse Face 1.2
    • From Gokyo Ri 1.3
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

Climbing

An early attempt on Lhotse was by the 1955 International Himalayan Expedition, headed by Sherpas. After a brief look at the dangerous southern approaches of Lhotse Shar, they turned their attention, during September and October, to the West Cwm and the northwest face of Lhotse, on which they achieved an altitude of about 8,100 metres (26,600 ft). They were beaten back by unexpectedly strong wind and cold temperatures. Under Schneider's direction they completed the first map of the Everest area (1:50,000 photogrammetric). The expedition also made several short films covering local cultural topics, and made a number of first ascents of smaller peaks in the Khumbu region. [3]

The main summit of Lhotse was first climbed on May 18, 1956 by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger from the Swiss Mount Everest/Lhotse Expedition.[4] On May 12, 1970, Sepp Mayerl and Rolf Walter of Austria made the first ascent of Lhotse Shar.[5] Lhotse Middle remained, for a long time, the highest unclimbed named point on Earth; on May 23, 2001, its first ascent was made by Eugeny Vinogradsky, Sergei Timofeev, Alexei Bolotov and Petr Kuznetsov of a Russian expedition.

The Lhotse standard climbing route follows the same path as Everest's South Col route up to the Yellow Band beyond Camp 3. After the Yellow Band the routes diverge with climbers bound for Everest taking a left over the Geneva Spur up to the South Col, while Lhotse climbers take a right further up the Lhotse face. The last part to the summit leads through a narrow couloir until the Lhotse main peak is reached.

As of December 2008, 371 climbers have summitted Lhotse and 20 have died.[6]

Nuptse Ridge, Everest,Lhotse and Lhotse Shar peaks

Timeline

  • 1955 Attempt by the International Himalayan Expedition.
  • 1956 First ascent of the main summit: Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss.[7]
  • 1965 First attempt on Lhotse Shar by a Japanese expedition - reached 8,100 m (26,570 ft).[8]
  • 1970 First ascent of Lhotse Shar by Austrian expedition, Sepp Mayerl, Rolf Walter
  • 1979 Second ascent of the main summit by Jerzy Kukuczka.[9]
  • 1981 April 30 Third ascent of the main summit by Hristo Prodanov, Bulgaria.[10]
  • 1981 October 16 Second ascent of Lhotse Shar Switzerland, Colin Molines
  • 1986 Ascent by Reinhold Messner, thus becoming the first person to climb all of the Fourteen Eight-Thousanders.
  • 1988 December 31 Krzysztof Wielicki, a Polish climber, completed the first winter ascent of Lhotse.[11]
  • 1989 October 24 Jerzy Kukuczka perishes while climbing the South Face, when his secondhand rope breaks.[12]
  • 1990 April 24 Tomo Česen from Slovenia, makes first solo ascent of South Face of Lhotse.[13] Controversy of his climb is later raised by USSR Himalayan expedition, claiming that his ascent would be impossible.
  • 1990 October 16 First ascent of South Face of Lhotse, USSR Himalayan expedition Sergey Bershov and Gennadiy Karataev.
  • 1994 May 13 Carlos Carsolio got mountaintop solo, introducing a world speed record at 23 h 50 min rise from basecamp to the summit.
  • 1996 Chantal Mauduit becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Lhotse.
  • 2001 First ascent of Lhotse Middle by Russian expedition.
  • 2007 Pemba Doma Sherpa, Nepali mountaineer and two-time summiter of Mt. Everest, falls to her death from Lhotse at 8000 m[14]
  • 2011 May 14–15, Michael Horst, American guide, summits Mount Everest and Lhotse without descending below Camp IV (South Col) with less than 21 hours elapsing between the two summits.[15]
  • 2011 On May 20, Indian mountaineer Arjun Vajpai became the youngest climber ever to summit Lhotse, aged 17 years, 11 months and 16 days.[16]
The Western Cwm. The Lhotse Face (centre right) is connected to Mount Everest (centre left) by the South Col (centre, lowest point on horizon).

Lhotse Face

Lhotse from gorakshep

The western flank of Lhotse is known as the Lhotse Face. Any climber bound for the South Col on Everest must climb this 1,125 m (3,690 ft) wall of glacial blue ice. This face rises at 40 and 50 degree pitches with the occasional 80 degree bulges. High-altitude climbing Sherpas and the lead climbers will set fixed ropes up this wall of ice. Climbers and porters need to establish a good rhythm of foot placement and pulling themselves up the ropes using their jumars. Two rocky sections called the Yellow Band and the Geneva Spur interrupt the icy ascent on the upper part of the face.

From Gokyo Ri

Annotated image of Lhotse and surroundings as seen from Gokyo Ri

See also

References

  1. ^ A height of 8,501 m is sometimes given but official Nepalese and Chinese mapping agree on 8,516 m.
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ Aargauer Zeitung, 25 April 2006
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^

Further reading

  • A. Arnette : Lhotse gaining attention (2014)

External links

  • Lhotse page on Himalaya-Info.org (German)
  • Lhotse page on Summitpost
  • Lhotse on Peakware
  • gonomad.com, Hiking by Lhotse and Everest, feature article
  • Ascents and fatalities statistics
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