World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Licking River (Kentucky)

 

Licking River (Kentucky)

Licking River
The mouth of the Licking River, where it joins the Ohio River
Origin Magoffin County, Kentucky
Mouth Ohio River
Length 303 miles (488 km)
Avg. discharge 4,221 cu ft/s (119.5 m3/s)
Basin area 3,593 sq mi (9,310 km2)

The Licking River is a 303-mile-long (488 km)[1] tributary of the Ohio River in northeastern Kentucky in the United States. The river and its tributaries drain much of the region of northeastern Kentucky between the watersheds of the Kentucky River to the west and the Big Sandy River to the east.

Origin of name

The Licking River near the Blue Licks Battlefield State Park

The Native Americans of the area called the river Nepernine. When the explorer Dr. Thomas Walker first saw it in 1750, he called it Frederick's River. An earlier name given by hunters and frontiersmen, Great Salt Lick Creek, makes reference to the many saline springs near the river that attracted animals to its salt licks. The origin of the present name is unclear, though likely related to the previous name.[2]

History

Numerous aboriginal peoples inhabited the watershed for at least part of the year for several thousand years, but no tribal lands are recognized to have been displaced by European settlement. The Melungeons—a mysterious, pale Native American group— occupied points on the southern end of the river, as well as Shawnee and Cherokee tribes. Other, older settlements of unnamed groups in Bath County on Slate Creek can also be found in the region.

The river served as an important transportation route for Native Americans and early European pioneers. In the 19th century, it was an important trade route.

In 1780, during the Little Miami River.

In 1782 the river was the site of the Battle of Blue Licks.[3] The Newport Barracks in Newport guarded its mouth from 1803 to 1894.

It is currently in use by the Cincinnati Junior Rowing Club, where they practice for their national championships.

Course

The watershed of the Licking River, with the North Fork and South Fork Licking River tributaries

The Licking River rises in the Cumberland Plateau of eastern Kentucky, in southeastern Magoffin County. It flows northwest in a highly meandering course past Salyersville and West Liberty. In Rowan County in the Daniel Boone National Forest it is impounded to form the large Cave Run Lake reservoir. Northwest of the reservoir it receives Fleming Creek approximately 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Carlisle and flows across the Bluegrass region of northern Kentucky. It receives the North Fork from the east approximately 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Mount Olivet and the South Fork from the south at Falmouth. It joins the Ohio opposite Cincinnati, where it separates the cities of Covington and Newport. The river was used as the southwestern border of the original Mason County and is the southwest border of Fleming and Rowan counties today.

Flora and fauna

The North Fork near Mays Lick

The river is considered by The Nature Conservancy work to protect the diversity of this important habitat.

The largest common carp taken in the state of Kentucky (54 lbs., 14 oz.) was caught in the South Fork of the Licking River.[4]

In 1984 Pat and Brian Mulloy of Butler caught a 79.5-pound (36.1 kg) flathead catfish in a deep hole of the Licking River near Boston. They caught it legally, using a trot line baited with small bluegill. The main stem of the Licking River boasts three sport species of catfish: the channel, blue, and flathead, found mostly in some areas closer to the Ohio. The flathead catfish caught by the Mulloys is still among the largest caught legally from the river.

References

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed June 13, 2011
  2. ^ Kleber, John E., ed. (1992). "Licking River". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Associate editors:  
  3. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1996). "The WPA Guide to Kentucky". University Press of Kentucky. p. 250. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Kentucky State Record Fish List". Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources. 2006-04-17. Retrieved 2007-02-17. 

External links

  • Nature Conservancy: Licking River
  • Pre-Wisconsin Spillways along the Licking River
  • Scenes along the Licking River
  • Licking River Watershed Watch
  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Licking River

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.