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Lieutenant Governor of Texas

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Title: Lieutenant Governor of Texas  
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Subject: Texas Senate, Coke R. Stevenson, David Dewhurst, Hardin Richard Runnels, Preston Smith (governor)
Collection: Lieutenant Governors of Texas, State Constitutional Officers of Texas
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Lieutenant Governor of Texas

Lieutenant Governor of Texas
Incumbent
Dan Patrick

since January 20, 2015
Style The Honorable
Term length Four years, no term limits
Inaugural holder Albert Clinton Horton
1846
Formation Texas Constitution
Website Office of the Lieutenant Governor

The Lieutenant Governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in the government of Texas, a state in the U.S. It is the second most powerful post in Texas government because its occupant controls the work of the Texas Senate and controls the budgeting process as a leader of the Legislative Budget Board.

Under the provisions of the Texas Constitution, the Lieutenant Governor is President of the Texas Senate. By the rules of the Senate, the Lieutenant Governor establishes all special and standing committees, appoints all chairpersons and members, and assigns all Senate legislation to the committee of his choice. The Lieutenant Governor decides all questions of parliamentary procedure in the Senate. He or she also has broad discretion in following Senate procedural rules.

The Lieutenant Governor is an ex officio member of several statutory bodies. These include the Legislative Budget Board, the Legislative Council, the Legislative Audit Committee, the Legislative Board and Legislative Council, which have considerable sway over state programs, the budget and policy. The Lieutenant Governor is also a member of the Legislative Redistricting Board (together with the Speaker of the House, Attorney General, Comptroller, and Land Commissioner), which is charged with adopting a redistricting plan for the Texas House of Representatives, Texas Senate, or U.S. House of Representatives after the decennial census if the Legislature fails to do so.

In the case of a vacancy in the Lieutenant Governor's office, the Senate elects one of its members to act as President of the Senate until the next state-wide office election, in effect becoming the Lieutenant Governor. A Senator elected as presiding officer in this way retains his district seat and the voting privileges entailed with his Senate election. The Lieutenant Governor is sworn-in on the third Tuesday every four years, the same as the Governor.

Dan Patrick has been the Lieutenant Governor of Texas since January 20, 2015.

The term of office was two years from 1846 to 1972. Voters then increased it to four years, effective for the 1974 election. [1]

The Lieutenant Governor assumes the powers of the William P. Hobby, Jr., who decided to retire. The race saw Democrat Bob Bullock, who had served as state comptroller since 1975, defeat Republican Robert Mosbacher, Jr., son of former Cabinet member Bob Mosbacher and president and CEO of an independent energy firm, 52% (2,002,360 votes) to 45% (1.741,893 votes).

Contents

  • Compared to other lieutenant governors 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Compared to other lieutenant governors

Texas is one of the few states that vests significant power in the office of lieutenant governor, making it among the most influential. By contrast, the lieutenant governor position in other states has few (if any) legislative responsibilities, akin to the Vice President of the United States. The consequence is that the Governor of Texas is weaker than other states' governors.

See also

References

  1. ^ Lieutenant Governor from the Handbook of Texas Online

External links

  • Duties and Powers of the Lieutenant Governor
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