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Title: Ligao  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Naga, Camarines Sur, Iriga, Bicol Region, Philippine Science High School Bicol Region Campus, Simeón Ola
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Component city
Ligao City Hall
Ligao City Hall
Nickname(s): The Sunflower Capital of the Philippines
Ligao is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Region Bicol (Region V)
District 3rd district
Founded 1608 (as the village of Cavasi)
Cityhood 2001
Barangays 55
 • Mayor Patty G. Alsua Liberal Party
 • Total 246.75 km2 (95.27 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 104,914
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
Income class 4th class; partially urban

Ligao, often referred to as Ligao City, is a fourth class city in the province of Albay, Philippines, 500 kilometres (310 mi) south-east of Manila. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 104,914 people.[3]


The name Ligao is derived from the local word "ticao", once an abundant tree whose poisonous leaves were used to catch fish in rivers or creeks. Most Ligaoeños, however, believe that the name Ligao was originally "licau" which means to take the long way around or to turn away from the ordinary or usual route.

Ligao started as a small settlement known as 'Cavasi' in the 16th century. It grew in population as it attracted natives from nearby settlements. Eventually, power struggles among ambitious and aggressive leaders caused trouble as they created divisions among the settlement. There arose five divisions led by maginoos (chieftains): Pagkilatan, Maaban, Sampoñgan, Makabongay and Hokoman. Peace was only restored when Chieftain Pagkilatan was appointed supreme leader over the entire settlement with the approval of the other chieftains.

The town was founded as a barrio of Polangui in 1606, being ceded to Oas in 1665, and finally becoming an independent municipality in 1666. It gained city status on March 24, 2001, after a plebiscite with an overwhelming Yes vote of 17,753 as against 1,387 No votes.


Ligao City is politically subdivided into 55 barangays.[2] There are 11 urban and 44 rural barangays, of which 3 are coastal barangays.

  • Abella
  • Allang
  • Amtic
  • Bacong
  • Bagumbayan (Pob.)
  • Balanac
  • Baligang
  • Barayong
  • Basag
  • Batang
  • Bay
  • Binanowan
  • Binatagan (Pob.)
  • Bobonsuran
  • Bonga
  • Busac
  • Busay
  • Cabarian
  • Calzada (Pob.)
  • Catburawan
  • Cavasi (Pob.)
  • Culliat
  • Dunao (Pob.)
  • Francia
  • Guilid (Pob.)
  • Herrera
  • Layon
  • Macalidong
  • Mahaba (pob.)
  • Malama
  • Maonon
  • Nasisi
  • Nabonton
  • Oma-Oma
  • Palapas
  • Pandan
  • Paulba
  • Paulog
  • Pinamaniquian
  • Pinit
  • Ranao-Ranao
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz (Pob.)
  • Tagpo (Pob.)
  • Tambo
  • Tandarora
  • Tastas
  • Tinago (Pob.)
  • Tinampo
  • Tiongson
  • Tomolin (Pob.)
  • Tuburan (Pob.)
  • Tula-Tula Grande
  • Tula-Tula Pequeño
  • Tupas



  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 

External links

  • Ligao City Official Government Website
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