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Title: Linum  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Flax, Linum bienne, Linum pubescens, Blue flax, Linaceae
Collection: Linum
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Linum pubescens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Linaceae
Genus: Linum

about 200, see text

Linum (flax) is a genus of approximately 200 species[1][2] in the flowering plant family Linaceae. They are native to temperate and subtropical regions of the world. The genus includes the common flax (L. usitatissimum), the bast fibre of which is used to produce linen and the seeds to produce linseed oil.

The flowers of most species are blue or yellow, rarely red, white, or pink, and some are heterostylous. There is an average of 6 to 10 seeds per boll.

Linum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Cabbage Moth, The Nutmeg, the Setaceous Hebrew Character and Coleophora striolatella, which feeds exclusively on Linum narbonense.


  • Cultivation 1
  • Selected species 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Several flaxes are cultivated as garden ornamentals, including the blue-flowered species blue flax (L. narbonense), Lewis' blue flax (L. lewisii), and perennial blue flax (L. perenne), the red-flowered scarlet flax (L. grandiflorum), and the yellow-flowered golden flax (L. flavum).

Selected species


  1. ^ .Linum The Jepson Manual.
  2. ^ Muravenko, O. V., et al. (2010). L.LinumKaryogenomics of species of the genus Russian Journal of Genetics 46(10), 1182-85.

External links

  • .Linum North American species. USDA PLANTS.
  • IPNI Query
  • type sheetLinum lepagei from Louis-Marie Herbarium (Laval University).
  • The Flax Council of Canada
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