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List of Formula One constructors

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Title: List of Formula One constructors  
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Subject: List of Formula One World Constructors' Champions, 2007 Formula One season, Formula One constructors, Behra-Porsche, Walter Wolf Racing
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List of Formula One constructors

The following is a list of Formula One constructors which have competed or plan to compete in the FIA World Championship.

Contents

  • Terminology: constructors vs. teams 1
    • Constructors 1.1
    • Teams 1.2
  • 2015 constructors' statistics 2
  • Former constructors' statistics 3
    • Indianapolis 500 only 3.1
  • Privateer teams 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7

Terminology: constructors vs. teams

In Formula One racing the terms "constructor" and "entrant" have specific and differing meanings. An entrant is the person or corporate entity that registers a car and driver for a race, and is then responsible for preparing and maintaining that car during the race weekend. As a result of this preparation role and active involvement in the running of the race, the term "team" has become commonly applied to an entrant organisation.

Constructors

Under Article 6.3 of the FIA Sporting Regulations, "the constructor of an engine or chassis is the person (including any corporate or unincorporated body) which owns the intellectual rights to such engine or chassis".[1] The title of Formula One World Champion Constructor is awarded to the car "make" that has scored the most points during the course of the season, where a car's make takes into account both engine and chassis. Hence, if a car's chassis and engine constructor are the same entity (e.g. Ferrari, Toyota, BRM etc.) then the make is simply the name of that one constructor. However, where the chassis and engine are constructed by different entities the car's make comprises both (e.g. McLaren-Mercedes, Lotus-Climax etc.), with the name of the chassis constructor being placed before that of the engine constructor. As both engine and chassis are included in the make name, chassis run with different engines (e.g. Lotus-Ford, Lotus-BRM) are counted as two separate makes and points are scored separately. The World Constructors' Championship title is awarded to the constructor of the chassis of the make that scores the most points. For this reason, this list only considers chassis constructors. For more information on engines, see Formula One engines.

Teams

Since the early 1980s the FIA have required that Formula One entrants own the intellectual rights to the chassis that they enter, and so the terms "entrant" and "constructor", and hence also "team", have become synonymous.

Before this time, constructors were free to sell their chassis to as many other teams as they liked. Brabham and Lotus chassis were used extensively by other teams during the 1960s and 1970s and several quite competitive teams never built their own chassis. Rob Walker Racing Team was the most successful example, being responsible for the first victories in Formula One for both Cooper and Lotus. The concept of a "works" or "factory" team (i.e. the official team of the company producing the cars, as opposed to a customer team which buys them off the shelf) therefore applied to chassis in the same way as it does in rallying and sports car racing.

There have been some recent exceptions where a specialist company, not itself entered in the championship, has been commissioned to design and build a chassis for a team; Lola built cars for Larrousse and Scuderia Italia in the late 1980s and early 1990s, for example. Larousse had their points from the 1990 season erased after the FIA decided that they had falsely nominated themselves and not Lola as the chassis constructor. In 1978, the new Arrows team which had been established by former Shadow personnel was sued by Shadow on the grounds that the Arrows FA/1 car was a copy of Shadow's DN9 - a view upheld by the UK High Court, which placed a ban on Arrows racing the FA/1. There have been more recent cases with Ligier (1995), Sauber (2004), Scuderia Toro Rosso (2006 & 2007) and Super Aguri (2007 & 2008) where teams have been accused of using a chassis produced by another constructor (respectively Benetton, Ferrari, Red Bull Racing and Honda). No action was taken against any of these teams, the sporting authorities being satisfied in each case that the team owned the intellectual property to the chassis they raced.

2015 constructors' statistics

Key: Rcs. = Number of individual races entered; Drv. = Number of driversEnt. = Total number of race entries; Wins = Number of races won; Pts. = Number of Constructors' Championship points scored; PP = Number of pole positionsFL = Number of fastest lapsPod. = Number of podium finishes; WCC = Constructors Championships won; WDC = Drivers' Championships won.

Constructor Engine Country Base Seasons Rcs. Drv. Ent. Wins Pts. PP FL Pod. WCC WDC First Grand Prix Formerly known as
Ferrari Ferrari 1950–current 905 79 1942 224 7110.27 208 233 694 16 15 1950 Monaco
Force India Mercedes 2008–current 147 6 294 0 593 1 3 3 0 0 2008 Australian Spyker (2007), Midland (2006), Jordan (1991–2005)
Lotus Mercedes 2012–current 74 5 148 2 698 0 5 25 0 0 2012 Australian Renault (2002–2011), Benetton (1986–2001), Toleman (1981–1985)
Marussia Ferrari 2012–current 71 3 138 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2012 Australian Virgin (2010–2011)
McLaren Honda 1966–current 777 47 1627 182 5040.5 155 152 485 8 12 1966 Monaco
Mercedes Mercedes
19541955,
2010–current
124 10 260 42 2156 50 35 89 2 4 1954 French Brawn (2009), Honda (2006–2008), BAR (1999–2005), Tyrrell (1968–1998)
Red Bull Renault 2005–current 200 8 400 50 3015.5 57 47 119 4 4 2005 Australian Jaguar (2000–2004), Stewart (1997–1999)
Sauber Ferrari 1993–current 400 27 774 1 810 1 5 26 0 0 1993 South African BMW Sauber (2006–2009)
Toro Rosso Renault 2006–current 182 11 364 1 262 1 0 1 0 0 2006 Bahrain Minardi (1985–2005)
Williams Mercedes 1978–current 635 37 1187 114 3295 128 133 309 9 7 1978 Argentine

Former constructors' statistics

Key: Rcs. = Number of individual races entered; Drv. = Number of driversEnt. = Total number of race entries; Wins = Number of races won; Pts. = Number of Constructors' Championship points scored; PP = Number of pole positionsFL = Number of fastest lapsPod. = Number of podium finishes; WCC = Constructors Championships won; WDC = Drivers' Championships won.

Constructor Country Seasons Rcs. Drv. Ent. Wins Pts. PP FL Pod. WCC WDC First Grand Prix Last Grand Prix
Alex von Falkenhausen Motorenbau 19521953[2] 4 6 9 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1952 Swiss 1953 Italian
Automobiles Gonfaronnaises Sportives 19861991 80 10 124 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1986 Italian 1991 Monaco
Alfa Romeo 19501951
19791985
110 18 237 10 50[3] 12 14 26 0[4] 2 1950 British 1985 Australian
Alta 19501952[5] 5 4 6 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1950 British 1952 British
Amon 1974 4 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1974 Spanish 1974 Italian
Andrea Moda 1992 9 4 16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1992 S. African 1992 Italian
Apollon 1977 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1977 Italian 1977 Italian
Arrows a 19782002 393 36 783 0 167 1 0 8 0 0 1978 Brazilian 2002 German
Arzani-Volpini 1955 1 1 1 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1955 Italian 1955 Italian
Aston Butterworth 1953 4 2 4 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1952 Belgian 1952 Italian
Aston Martin 19591960 6 3 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1959 Dutch 1960 British
Automobili Turismo e Sport 1963[6] 5 2 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1963 Belgian 1963 Mexican
ATS (Auto Technisches Spezialzubehör) 19771984 107 15 146 0 7 0 0 0 0 0 1978 Argentine 1984 Portuguese
British American Racing 19992005 118 7 236 0 227 2 0 15 0 0 1999 Australian 2005 Chinese
Behra-Porsche 1960 4 4 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1960 Argentine 1960 Monaco
Bellasi 19701971 6 1 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1970 Dutch 1971 Italian
Benetton c /[7][8] 19862001 260 17 520 27 851.5 15 36 102 1 2 1986 Brazilian 2001 Japanese
Boro 19761977 8 4 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1976 Spanish 1977 Italian
Brabham 19621987, 19891992 402 39 995 35 843 39 42 124 2 4 1962 German 1992 Hungarian
Brawn GP 2009 17 2 34 8 172 5 4 15 1 1 2009 Australian 2009 Abu Dhabi
British Racing Motors 1951, 19561977 208 71 559 17 385 11 15 61 1 1 1951 British 1977 Italian
British Racing Partnership 19631964 13 2 19 0 11 0 0 0 0 0 1963 Belgian 1964 Mexican
Bugatti 1956 1 1 1 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1956 French 1956 French
Caterham 20122014 56 8 112 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 Australian 2014 Abu Dhabi
Cisitalia 1952 1 1 1 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1952 Italian 1952 Italian
Coloni d 19871991 65 8 81 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1987 Italian 1991 Australian
Connaught 19521959 18 29 52 0 0[9] 0 0 1 0 0 1952 British 1959 United States
Connew 1972 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1972 British 1972 Austrian
Cooper Car Company 1950, 19521969 129 111 528 16 301 11 14 58 2 2 1950 Monaco 1969 Monaco
Dallara 19881992 80 6 144 0 15 0 0 2 0 0 1988 Brazilian 1992 Australian
Derrington-Francis 1964 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1964 Italian 1964 Italian
Peter de Klerk 1963, 1965 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1963 South African 1965 South African
De Tomaso 19611963, 1970 15 8 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1961 French 1970 United States
Eagle (Anglo American Racers) [10] 19661969 26 7 35 1 17 0 2 2 0 0 1966 Belgian 1969 Canadian
Eifelland 1972 8 1 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1972 South African 1972 Austrian
Emeryson 1956, 19611962 6 6 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1956 British 1962 Italian
Eisenacher Motorenwerk 1953 1 1 1 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1953 German 1953 German
Ecurie Nationale Belge 1962 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1962 German 1962 German
Ensign 19731982 134 25 154 0 19 0 1 0 0 0 1973 French 1982 Caesars Palace
English Racing Automobiles 19501952 7 7 12 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1950 British 1952 Dutch
EuroBrun / 19881990 46 5 76 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1988 Brazilian 1990 Spanish
Ferguson Research Ltd. 1961 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1961 British 1961 British
FIRST 1989 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fittipaldi Automotive (Copersucar) 19751982 120 8 156 0 44 0 0 3 0 0 1975 Argentine 1982 Caesars Palace
Fondmetal 19911992 29 4 42 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1991 United States 1992 Italian
Forti 19951996 27 4 54 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1995 Brazilian 1996 British
Frank Williams Racing Cars e 19721976 61 25 112 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 1972 British 1976 Japanese
Frazer-Nash 1952 4 2 4 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1952 Swiss 1952 Dutch
Fry 1959 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1959 British 1959 British
Gilby Engineering 19611963 6 2 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1961 British 1963 Italian
Gordini 19521956 33 23 101 0 n/a 0 1 2 n/a 0 1952 Swiss 1956 Italian
Greifzu 1952 1 1 1 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1952 German 1952 German
Hesketh 19741978 60 15 97 1 48 0 1 7 0 0 1974 South African 1978 Belgian
Hill 1975 12 6 21 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 1975 South African 1975 United States
HRT (Hispania Racing Team) 20102012 56 8 116 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 Bahrain 2012 Brazilian
Honda 19641968
20062008
88 8 154 3 154 2 2 9 0 0 1964 German 2008 Brazilian
HWM (Hersham and Walton Motors) 19511955 16 15 48 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1951 Swiss 1955 Monaco
Jaguar f 20002004 85 8 170 0 49 0 0 2 0 0 2000 Australian 2004 Brazilian
JBW 19591961 6 1 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1959 British 1961 Italian
Jordan g [11] 19912005 250 30 500 4 291 2 2 19 0 0 1991 United States 2005 Chinese
Kauhsen 1979 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979 Spanish 1979 Belgian
Klenk 1954 1 1 1 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1954 German 1954 German
Kojima 19761977 2 3 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1976 Japanese 1977 Japanese
Kurtis h 1959 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1959 United States 1959 United States
Lambo (Modena Team) 1991 16 2 32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1991 United States 1991 Australian
Lancia 19541955 4 4 10 0 n/a 2 1 1 n/a 0 1954 Spanish 1955 Belgian
Larrousse 19931994 32 7 64 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 1993 South African 1994 Australian
LDS 19621963, 1965, 19671968 5 3 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1962 South African 1968 South African
LEC 1977 5 1 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1977 Spanish 1977 British
Leyton House i 19901991 32 3 64 0 8 0 0 1 0 0 1990 United States 1991 Australian
Life 1990 14 2 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1990 United States 1990 Spanish
Ligier j 19761996 330 28 612 9 388 9 9 50 0 0 1976 Brazilian 1996 Japanese
Lola k 19621963, 19671968, 19741975, 19851991, 1997 152 27 280 0 45 1 0 3 0 0 1962 Dutch 1997 Australian
Lotus (1958–1994) 19581994 493 122 1332 79 1332 107 70 172 7 6 1958 Monaco 1994 Australian
Lotus (2010–2011) 20102011 38 3 76 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 Bahrain 2011 Brazilian
Lyncar 19741975 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1974 British 1975 British
Maki 19741976 8 3 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1974 British 1976 Japanese
March l 19701977, 19811982, 19871989, 1992 208 54 579 3 172.5 5 7 21 0 0 1970 South African 1992 Australian
Martini 1978 7 1 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1978 South African 1978 Dutch
Maserati 19501960 73 93 407 9 9 10 17 37 0 2 1950 British 1960 United States
Matra 19671972 61 5 117 9 163 4 12 21 1 1 1967 Monaco 1972 United States
McGuire 1977 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1977 British 1977 British
Merzario 19781979 31 3 32 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1978 Argentine 1979 United States
Midland m 2006 18 2 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 Bahrain 2006 Brazilian
Milano 1950 1 1 1 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1950 Italian 1950 Italian
Minardi n 19852005 346 42 676 0 38 0 0 0 0 0 1985 Brazilian 2005 Chinese
Onyx 19891990 26 6 52 0 6 0 0 1 0 0 1989 Brazilian 1990 Hungarian
O.S.C.A. 19511953, 1958 7 5 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 1951 Italian 1958 Monaco
Osella o 19801990 172 17 253 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 1980 Argentine 1990 Australian
Pacific 19941995 33 5 66 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1994 Brazilian 1995 Australian
Parnelli 19741976 16 1 16 0 6 0 1 0 0 0 1974 Canadian 1976 US West
Penske [12] 19741977 41 7 46 1 23 0 0 3 0 0 1974 Canadian 1977 Canadian
Porsche 19571964 35 13 75 1 46 1 0 5 0 0 1957 German 1964 German
Prost p 19972001 83 9 166 0 35 0 0 3 0 0 1997 Australian 2001 Japanese
RAM 19831985 44 8 73 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1983 Brazilian 1985 European
RE 1965 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1965 South African 1965 South African
Rebaque 1979 3 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979 Italian 1979 United States
Renault /[13][14] 19771985,
20022011
303 20 588 35 1298 51 31 100 2 2 1977 British 2011 Brazilian
Rial 19881989 32 6 48 0 6 0 0 0 0 0 1988 Brazilian 1989 Australian
Scarab 1960 5 4 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1960 Monaco 1960 United States
Scirocco 19631964 7 3 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1963 Belgian 1964 German
Shadow /[15][16][17] 19731980 112 21 240 1 67.5 3 2 7 0 0 1973 South African 1980 French
Shannon 1966 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1966 British 1966 British
Simca-Gordini 19501953 15 11 29 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1950 Monaco 1953 Belgian
Simtek 19941995 21 7 40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1994 Brazilian 1995 Monaco
Spirit 19831985 25 3 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1983 British 1985 San Marino
Spyker r 2007 17 4 34 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2007 Australian 2007 Brazilian
Stebro 1963 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1963 United States 1963 United States
Stewart s 19971999 49 4 98 1 47 1 0 5 0 0 1997 Australian 1999 Japanese
Super Aguri 20062008 39 5 39 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 2006 Bahrain 2008 Spanish
Surtees 19701978 119 38 260 0 53 0 3 2 0 0 1970 British 1978 Canadian
Talbot-Lago 19501951 13 18 81 0 n/a 0 0 2 n/a 0 1950 British 1951 Spanish
Tec-Mec 1959 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1959 United States 1959 United States
Tecno 19721973 13 3 14 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1972 Belgian 1973 Austrian
Theodore 1978, 19811983 51 10 64 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1978 Argentine 1983 European
Token 1974 4 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1974 Belgian 1974 Austrian
Toleman t 19811985 70 9 131 0 26 1 2 3 0 0 1981 San Marino 1985 Australian
Toyota 20022009 140 9 276 0 278.5 3 3 13 0 0 2002 Australian 2009 Abu Dhabi
Trojan 1974 8 1 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1974 Spanish 1974 Italian
Tyrrell u 19701998 433 47 884 23 617 14 20 77 1 2 1970 Canadian 1998 Japanese
Vanwall 19541960 29 12 66 9 48 7 6 13 1 0 1954 British 1960 French
Venturi 1992 16 2 32 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1992 South African 1992 Australian
Veritas 19511953 6 15 18 0 n/a 0 0 0 n/a 0 1951 Swiss 1953 German
Virgin v /[18] 20102011 38 3 76 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 Bahrain 2011 Brazilian
Wolf (Walter Wolf Racing) w /[19][20] 19771979 48 4 54 3 79 1 2 13 0 0 1977 Argentine 1979 United States
Zakspeed 19851989 74 7 136 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1985 Portuguese 1989 Australian
Constructor Country Seasons Rcs. Drv. Ent. Wins Pts. PP FL Pod. WCC WDC First Grand Prix Last Grand Prix

Notes:

a Arrows were known as Footwork from 1991 to 1996.
b BAR formerly Tyrrell; subsequently became Honda, then Brawn, then Mercedes.
c Benetton formerly Toleman; subsequently became Renault F1, then Lotus F1.
d Coloni subsequently became Andrea Moda.
e Frank Williams Racing Cars includes Politoys (1972), Iso Marlboro (19731974) and Wolf-Williams (1976) cars. Prior to 1972 FWRC ran customer chassis. Subsequently became Wolf. Williams Grand Prix Engineering, now WilliamsF1, was a new constructor established by Frank Williams and Patrick Head after Williams left Wolf-Williams.
f Jaguar formerly Stewart Grand Prix. Subsequently became Red Bull Racing.
g Jordan subsequently became Midland F1 Racing, then Spyker, then Force India.
h Does not include Kurtis' Indianapolis 500 (1950−1960) entries.
i Leyton House formerly March Engineering.
j Ligier subsequently became Prost Grand Prix.
k Lola includes Larrousse (1990) and Mastercard Lola (1997) entries.
l March subsequently became Leyton House Racing, later reappearing as March for one final season.
m Midland formerly Jordan Grand Prix; subsequently became Spyker F1, then Force India.
n Minardi subsequently became Scuderia Toro Rosso.
o Osella subsequently became Fondmetal.
p Prost formerly Ligier.
q Sauber subsequently became BMW works team BMW Sauber, then reverted back to Sauber.
r Spyker formerly Jordan Grand Prix and Midland F1 Racing; subsequently became Force India.
s Stewart subsequently became Jaguar Racing.
t Toleman subsequently became Benetton Formula.
u Tyrrell subsequently became British American Racing.
v Virgin subsequently became Marussia F1.
w Wolf formerly Frank Williams Racing Cars.

Indianapolis 500 only

Constructors whose only World Championship participation was in the Indianapolis 500 from 1950 to 1960. All were American-based.

Privateer teams

The following are teams which never built their own chassis, and thus were not "constructors":

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "2007 Formula One Sporting Regulations" (PDF). FIA. Retrieved 2008-04-11.  (.pdf)
  2. ^ In 1949 and 1950, AFM participated in the German Formula 2 championship.
  3. ^ Points awarded from seasons 1979–1985.
  4. ^ The first Constructors' World Championship was not held until 1958.
  5. ^ From 1950 to 1957, Alta was also an engine manufacturer for teams HWM, Cooper and Connaught.
  6. ^ In 1964 and 1967, ATS was an engine manufacturer for teams Derrington-Francis and Cooper, racing at the 1964 Italian and 1967 British Grands Prix with Mário de Araújo Cabral and Silvio Moser.
  7. ^ From 1986 to 1995 Benetton F1 Team had a United Kingdom license; from 1996 to 2001, an Italian one.
  8. ^ "Benetton to race under Italian colours". New Straits Times. 29 Nov 1995. Retrieved 2014-02-04. 
  9. ^ Points not awarded prior to 1958.
  10. ^ http://allamericanracers.com/gurney_grand-prix/eagle_f1-story.html
  11. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20070527061529/http://www.itv-f1.com/Feature.aspx?Type=General&PO_ID=39312
  12. ^ "1974 United States Grand Prix Entry list". 
  13. ^ Noble, Johnathan (2011-01-13). "Renault to switch to British licence". Autosport (Autosport). Retrieved 2011-01-13. 
  14. ^ From 1977 to 2010 Renault had a French license; in 2011, a British one.
  15. ^ "1973 United States Grand Prix Entry list". 
  16. ^ "1978 United States Grand Prix Entry list". 
  17. ^ From 1973 to 1975 Shadow had an American license; from 1976 to 1980, a British one.
  18. ^ "F1 Marussia Virgin Racing team to compete under Russian flag".  
  19. ^ "1979 United States Grand Prix Entry list". 
  20. ^ "Canada´s first Formula 1 team has wealthy backer, Scheckter". The Montreal Gazette. 10 Nov 1976. Retrieved 2015-02-07. 
  21. ^ In 1952 and 1953 Scuderia Platé built their own engines for the Maserati-Platé 4CLT.

References

All statistics and other data drawn from:

  • "ChicaneF1.com". Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  • "StatsF1.com". Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
  • "All Formula One Info". Retrieved 2008-04-11. 
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