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List of NRO Launches

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Title: List of NRO Launches  
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Subject: List of USA satellites, Titan IV, Trumpet (satellite), Naval Ocean Surveillance System, Mercury (satellite)
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List of NRO Launches

Official mission patch from NRO Launch-39

This is a list of NRO Launch (NROL) designations, i.e. satellites operated by the United States National Reconnaissance Office.


Launch
Designation
Launch Name Satellite
Designation
Launch
Date/Time (GMT)
Launch Site Rocket Orbit Project Function Status Patch Remarks
L-1 Nemesis[1] USA-179[1] 2004-08-31
23:17[2]
CCAFS SLC-36A[2] Atlas IIAS[2] Molniya Quasar[1] Communications[2] Active
L-2 USA-129 1996-12-20
18:04
VAFB SLC-4E Titan IV LEO KH-11 Optical imaging
L-3 USA-133 1997-10-24
02:32
VAFB SLC-4E Titan IV LEO Lacrosse ELINT Active
L-4 Oscar USA-136 1997-11-08
02:05
CCAFS LC-41 Titan IV Molniya Trumpet ELINT Active
L-5 Capricorn[1] USA-137[1] 1998-01-29
18:37
CCAFS SLC-36A Atlas IIA Molniya Quasar[1] Communications Active
L-6 Jack USA-139[3] 1998-05-09
01:38
CCAFS SLC-40 Titan IV/Centaur GSO Orion ELINT
L-7 Elwood N/A 1998-08-12
11:30
CCAFS SLC-41 Titan IV/Centaur GSO (planned) Mercury ELINT Failed: 1998-08-12 "On a Mission from DoD" Rocket self-destructed 40 seconds into launch due to guidance problem[4]
L-8 None 1998-10-03
10:04
VAFB LC-576E Taurus 1110 LEO STEX Technology ATEX experiment jettisoned on 1999-01-16 and catalogued as USA-141
L-9 USA-144[1] 1999-05-22
09:36[5]
VAFB SLC-4E[5] Titan IVB[5] Misty[1] Optical imaging[1] First Titan IV-B launch from VAFB
L-10 Great Bear[1] USA-155[1] 2000-12-06
02:47[2]
CCAFS SLC-36A[2] Atlas IIAS[2] GSO[2] Quasar[1] Communications[2] Active
L-11 USA-152 2000-08-17
23:45
VAFB SLC-4E Titan IVB LEO Lacrosse Radar imaging Active
L-12 Aquila[1] USA-162[1] 2001-10-11
02:32[2]
CCAFS SLC-36B[2] Atlas IIAS[2] GSO[2] Quasar[1] Communications Active
L-13 Gemini[1] USA-160[1] 2001-09-08
15:25
VAFB SLC-3E[2] Atlas IIAS[2] LEO[2] Intruder[1] Naval reconnaissance[2] Active 2 satellites[2]
L-14 USA-161 2001-10-05
21:21
VAFB SLC-4E Titan IVB LEO KH-11 Optical reconnaissance Active
L-15 USA-237 2012-06-29
13:15[6]
CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy (first RS-68A upgrade) GSO Mentor* ELINT Active * - or follow-on
L-16 Prometheus USA-182[3] 2005-04-30
00:50[7]
CCAFS SLC-40 Titan IVB LEO Lacrosse Radar imaging Active
L-17 GeoLITE[1] USA-158[1] 2001-05-18
17:45[8]
CCAFS SLC-17B[8] Delta II 7925-9.5[8] GSO[8] GeoLITE[1] Technology demonstration[8] Active
L-18 Libra[1] USA-173[1] 2003-12-02
10:04[2]
VAFB SLC-3E[2] Atlas IIAS[2] LEO[2] Intruder[1] Naval reconnaissance[2] Active 2 satellites[2]
L-19 Homer[9] USA-171[3] 2003-09-09
04:29[10]
CCAFS SLC-40 Titan IVB/Centaur GSO Orion ELINT Active
L-20 USA-186[3] 2005-10-19
18:04[11]
VAFB SLC-4E Titan IVB LEO KH-11 Optical imaging Active
L-21 USA-193[1] 2006-12-14
21:00[8]
VAFB SLC-2W[8] Delta II 7920-10[8] LEO[8] Unknown Unknown Failed Failed immediately after launch. Destroyed by ASAT on 2008-02-21.
L-22 USA-184[1] 2006-06-28
03:33
VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV M+(4,2) Molniya Improved Trumpet[1] ELINT Active
L-23 Canis Minor[1] USA-181[1] 2005-02-03
07:41
CCAFS SLC-36B Atlas IIIB LEO Intruder[1] Naval reconnaissance Active 2 satellites
L-24 Scorpius[1] USA-198[1] 2007-12-10
22:05
CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401 Molniya Quasar[1] Communications Active
L-25 Altair USA-234 2012-04-03
23:12[12][13]
VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV M+(5,2) Retrograde LEO [14] Topaz Radar imaging Active
L-26 USA-202 2009-01-18
02:47
CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy GSO Orion ELINT Active
L-27 Gryphon[9] USA-227 2011-03-11
23:38
CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV M+(4,2) GSO Quasar Communications Active
L-28 USA-200 2008-03-13
10:02
VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 411 Molniya Improved Trumpet ELINT Active
L-29 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 521 [15] Cancelled
L-30 Pyxis[1] USA-194[1] 2007-06-15
15:11
CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401[1] LEO Intruder[1] Naval reconnaissance Active 2 satellites
Premature 2nd stage cutoff during launch. Lifetime reduced by need to correct orbit
L-32[16] USA-223 2010-11-21
22:58[17]
CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy GSO Orion[18] ELINT Operational
L-33 [19] USA-252 2014-05-22
13:09
CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401 GSO Quasar Communications Active
L-34 Odin[20] USA-229 2011-04-15
04:24
VAFB SLC-3E[17] Atlas V 411[17] LEO Intruder Naval SIGINT Operational[21] Two satellites
L-35 USA-259 2014-12-13
03:19
VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 541 Molniya ELINT (?) Launched First flight of the RL10C-1 rocket engine, used by the Centaur upper stage
L-36[22] USA-238[23] 2012-09-13
21:39[13]
VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 401[24] Low Earth Intruder SIGINT Launched

Two satellites sharing a designation
L-37[25] TBD 2016-04 CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy Awaiting launch
L-38 [26] Drake [27] USA-236 2012-06-20
12:28[13]
CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 401 GSO Quasar Communications Active
L-39[28] USA-247 2013-12-06
07:14[29]
VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 501 Low Earth Topaz Radar imaging Launched Mission
L-41[16] Gladys[9] USA-215[1] 2010-09-21
04:03[17]
VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 501 LEO (retrograde)[30] 1058 x 1072 km [31] Topaz Radar imaging Operational
L-42[25] TBD 2017 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 541 Awaiting launch
L-44[25] TBD NET 2019 CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy Awaiting launch
L-45 [28] TBD 2015-09-15 VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV M+(5,2) Low Earth Topaz Awaiting launch
L-49[16] Betty[9] USA-224 2011-01-20
21:10[32]
VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV Heavy LEO 239 x 1005 km[33] KH-11[32] Optical imaging Operational
L-52[25] TBD NET 2018 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V Awaiting launch
L-55[25] TBD 2015-10-08 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 401 LEO 1000 x 1200 km x 63.4°[34] Launched one classified satellite (NROL-55) and 13 tiny cubesats made by highschool students.
L-61[25] TBD 2016 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 411 Awaiting launch
L-65 [35] USA-245 2013-08-28
18:03
VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV Heavy LEO KH-11 Optical imaging Launched
L-66[36] USA-225 2011-02-06
12:26
VAFB SLC-8 Minotaur I LEO RPP Technology Operational
L-67 [37] USA-250 2014-04-10
17:45
CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V 541 Launched
L-68[25] TBD NET 2020 CCAFS SLC-37B Delta IV Heavy Awaiting launch
L-71[25] TBD NET 2018 VAFB SLC-6 Delta IV Heavy Awaiting launch
L-79[25][38] TBD 2017 VAFB SLC-3E Atlas V 401 Awaiting launch
L-101[25] TBD NET 2019 CCAFS SLC-41 Atlas V Awaiting launch
Launch
Designation
Launch Name Satellite
Designation
Launch
Date/Time (GMT)
Launch Site Rocket Orbit Project Function Status Patch Remarks

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive – US Military Launch Record. None. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Encyclopedia Astronautica – Atlas IIAS. Astronautix.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d NRO codenames. Forum.nasaspaceflight.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  4. ^ National Reconnaissance Office Satellite Destroyed August 19, 1998
  5. ^ a b c National Reconnaissance Satellite Successfully Launched May 22, 1999
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ NRO Successfully Launches Last Titan from Cape Canaveral April 29, 2005
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Encyclopedia Astronautica – Delta 7000
  9. ^ a b c d
  10. ^ NRO SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHES PAYLOAD FROM TITAN IV September 10, 2003
  11. ^ NRO Payload Takes Last Ride Aboard Titan IV October 20, 2005
  12. ^ NROL-25 Mission Status
  13. ^ a b c Spaceflight Now: Worldwide launch schedule. Spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved on Feb 3, 2012.
  14. ^ Delta 4 headed for backwards orbit
  15. ^ http://www.comspacewatch.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=16796
  16. ^ a b c Spaceflight Now: Worldwide launch schedule. Spaceflightnow.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  17. ^ a b c d Atlas Launch Report | Mission Status Center. Spaceflight Now. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  18. ^ Delta IV Heavy launches with NROL-32. NASASpaceFlight.com (2010-11-21). Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  19. ^ http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-33
  20. ^ :::: United Launch Alliance, LLC ::::. Ulalaunch.com. Retrieved on September 15, 2011.
  21. ^ [2]
  22. ^ http://www.n2yo.com/satellite/?s=38758
  23. ^ http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=2012-048A
  24. ^ http://www.ulalaunch.com/pages/Launch.shtml#/30/
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j
  26. ^ http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-38
  27. ^ http://www.spaceflightnow.com/atlas/av023/images/NROL38logo.jpg
  28. ^ a b https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=3f220ddfda92019ff7ad72adcde4e37c&tab=core&_cview=1
  29. ^ NRO Press Release 2013-04
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^ a b
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^ http://msdb.gsfc.nasa.gov/MissionData.php?mission=NROL-65
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^

External links

  • [Link dead] The Current NSS Launch Manifest, 2001–2020 (page 83)
  • [3] National Security Space Launch Report (pages 112)
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