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List of Olympic venues in ski jumping

Intervales Ski-Jump Hill at Lake Placid in 2006. They hosted the 1932 and 1980 Winter Olympic ski jumping events.

For the Winter Olympics, there are 26 venues that have been or will be used for ski jumping. From 1924 to 1956, the construction point or K-point of the ski jumping hill was not fixed by the International Ski Federation.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8] For 1924, it was 71 m (233 ft); 1928: 66 m (217 ft); 1932: 61 m (200 ft); 1936: 80 m (260 ft); 1948: 68 m (223 ft); 1952: 72 m (236 ft); and 1956: 72 m (236 ft)[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

The first ski jump distance that was standardized was at the 1960 games though it was not measured at the K-point, but at the P-point, which is the landing area of the hill size part of the ski jump area.[9][10] At the 1960 Games, this P-point was 80 m (260 ft).[10] A second ski jumping hill was added in 1964 with a normal hill that had a P-point of 70 m (230 ft) in Seefeld while the large hill of 80 m (260 ft) was located at Bergsielschanze in Innsbruck.[9][11][12] The large hill ski jump P-point was lengthened to 90 m (300 ft) for the 1968 Games at Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte while the ski jump P-point at Autrans remained at 70 m (230 ft).[13][14] The ski jumping hills remained in separate locations for both the 1972 and the 1976 Games though the Bergielschanze hill that was used in 1976 had its P-point lengthened from 80 m (260 ft) to 90 m (300 ft).[15][16][17][18] The two hills used would not be combined into one single venue until the 1980 Games.[19] By the 1992 Games, the hills were being referred to by the K-point rather than their P-Point which meant the normal hill P-Point of 70 m (230 ft) had a K-point of 90 m (300 ft) while the large hill P-point of 90 m (300 ft) had a K-point of 120 m (390 ft)[20][9] This standard remained until the 2002 Games when the hills were then by their size (HS) or landing point (L) which is 10 m (33 ft) further than the K-point of a normal hill and 15 m (49 ft) further than the K-point of a large hill.[21][9] The first Winter Olympics to use the HS designation was at the 2006 Games in Turin.[22]

Two of the hills used in the Olympics, Große Olympiaschanze in Garmisch-Partenkirchen for 1936, and Bergiselschanze for the 1964 and 1976 large hill events, have served as hosts for the Four Hills Tournament since the tournament's inception in 1953.[23] Forty-four years later, the Nordic Tournament was created and it involves the 1952 venue at Holmenkollbakken in Oslo's Holmenkollen National Arena and has at times involved the 1994 venue at Lysgårdsbakken in Lillehammer, both in Norway.[24]

List

List of Olympic venues in ski jumping
Image Olympiad Venue Location Country Normal size (m) Large size (m) New Capacity Events (SJ) Events (NC) Ref
1924 Chamonix Le Tremplin Olympique du Mont Chamonix France 71 m No Individual Individual [2]
1928 St. Moritz Olympiaschanze St. Moritz St. Moritz Switzerland 66 m Yes Individual Individual [3]
1932 Lake Placid Intervales Ski-Hill Lake Placid United States 61 m No 9,200 Individual Individual [4]
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Große Olympiaschanze Garmisch-Partenkirchen Germany 80 m No 40,000 Individual Individual [5]
1948 St. Moritz Olympiaschanze St. Moritz St. Moritz Switzerland 68 m No Individual Individual [6]
1952 Oslo Holmenkollbakken Oslo Norway 72 m No 150,000 Individual Individual [7]
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Trampolino Olimpico Italia Cortina d'Ampezzo Italy 90 m Yes 46,152 Individual Individual [8]
1960 Squaw Valley Papoose Peak Jumps Squaw Valley United States 80 m Yes Individual Individual [10]
1964 Innsbruck Toni-Seelos-Olympiaschanze Seefeld Austria 70 m No NH NH [11]
1964 Innsbruck Bergiselschanze Innsbruck Austria 80 m No LH [12]
1968 Grenoble Le Claret Autrans France 70 m Yes 40,000 NH NH [14]
1968 Grenoble Dauphine Saint-Nizier-du-Moucherotte France 90 m Yes 50,000 LH [13]
1972 Sapporo Miyanomori Jumping Hill Sapporo Japan 70 m Yes NH NH [15]
1972 Sapporo Mount Okura Ski Jump Stadium Sapporo Japan 90 m No LH [16]
1976 Innsbruck Toni-Seelos-Olympiaschanze Seefeld Austria 70 m No NH NH [17]
1976 Innsbruck Bergiselschanze Innsbruck Austria 90 m No LH [18]
1980 Lake Placid Intervales Ski-Hill Lake Placid United States 70 m 90 m No 18,000 NH, LH NH [19]
1984 Sarajevo Igman Olympic Jumps Sarajevo Yugoslavia 70 m 90 m Yes NH, LH NH [25]
1988 Calgary Canada Olympic Park Calgary
Canada
Canada
70 m 90 m Yes 35,000 NH, LH, T NH, T [26]
1992 Albertville Tremplin du Praz Courchevel France K 90 K 120 Yes 23,000 NH, LH, T NH, T [20]
1994 Lillehammer Lysgårdsbakken Lillehammer Norway K 90 K 123 Yes 35,000 NH, LH, T NH, T [27]
1998 Nagano Hakuba Ski Jumping Stadium Hakuba Japan K 90 K 120 Yes 45,000 NH, LH, T NH, T [28]
2002 Salt Lake City Utah Olympic Park Park City United States K 90 K 120 Yes 18,100 NH, LH, T NH, LH, T [21]
2006 Turin Stadio del Trampolino Pragelato Italy HS 106
K 95
HS 140
K 125
Yes 8,055 NH, LH, T NH, LH, T [22]
[29]
2010 Vancouver Whistler Olympic Park Whistler
Canada
Canada
HS 106
K 95
HS 140
K 125
Yes 6,000 NH, LH, T NH, LH, T [30]
2014 Sochi RusSki Gorki Jumping Center Esto-Sadok Russia HS 105
K 95
HS 140
K 125
Yes 9,600 NH, LH, T, W NH, LH, T [31]
[32]
2018 Pyeongchang Alpensia Ski Jumping Stadium Pyeongchang South Korea HS
K
HS
K
No 60,000 NH, LH, T, W NH, LH, T

References

  1. ^ a b Henauer, Kurt (FIS PR and Media Coordinator Ski Jumping). "hill length". E-mail to Chris Miller. 5 June 2006 accessed 26 March 2011.
  2. ^ a b c 1924 Olympics official report. pp. 650-2. (French)
  3. ^ a b c 1928 Winter Olympics official report. Part 2. pp. 10-1. (French) Accessed 10 October 2010.
  4. ^ a b c 1932 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 141-4. Accessed 12 October 2010.
  5. ^ a b c 1936 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 116-122, 139. Accessed 16 October 2010. (German)
  6. ^ a b c 1948 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 6, 21. Accessed 18 October 2010. (French) & (German)
  7. ^ a b c 1952 Winter Olympics official report. p. 33.
  8. ^ a b c .The Official Report of the Organising Committee of the VIIth Winter Olympic Games 1956 at Cortina (1956) CONI. pp. 137-55, 191. Accessed 24 October 2010. (English) & (Italian)
  9. ^ a b c d .Standards for the Construction of Jumping HillsFIS-Ski.com 2008 article accessed 26 March 2011.
  10. ^ a b c 1960 Winter Olympics official report. p. 103. Accessed 27 October 2010.
  11. ^ a b 1964 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 95-103. Accessed 30 October 2010. (German)
  12. ^ a b 1964 Winter Olympics official report. p. 112. Accessed 30 October 2010. (German)
  13. ^ a b 1968 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 95-8. Accessed 1 November 2010. (English) & (French)
  14. ^ a b 1968 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 85-95. Accessed 1 November 2010. (English) & (French)
  15. ^ a b 1972 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 268-70. Accessed 6 November 2010. (English) & (French)
  16. ^ a b 1972 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 265-7. Accessed 6 November 2010. (English) & (French)
  17. ^ a b 1976 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 201-2. Accessed 10 November 2010. (English), (French), & (German)
  18. ^ a b 1976 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 199-203. Accessed 10 November 2010. (English), (French), & (German)
  19. ^ a b 1980 Winter Olympics official report. Volume 1. pp. 36-9. Accessed 16 November 2010. (English) & (French)
  20. ^ a b 1992 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 88-91. Accessed 5 December 2010. (English) & (French)
  21. ^ a b 2002 Winter Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 84-7. Accessed 21 December 2010.
  22. ^ a b 2006 Winter Olympics official report. Volume 3. pp. 70-1. Accessed 27 December 2010. (English) & (Italian)
  23. ^ Four Hills Tournament official website. Accessed 26 March 2011. (German)
  24. ^ Nordic Tournament official website. Accessed 26 March 2011.
  25. ^ 1984 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 18-58, 106-7. Accessed 22 November 2010. (English), (French), & (Serbo-Croatian)
  26. ^ 1988 Winter Olympics official report. Part 1. pp. 110-27. Accessed 29 November 2010. (English) & (French)
  27. ^ 1994 Winter Olympics official report. Volume 3. pp. 18-22. Accessed 8 December 2010.
  28. ^ 1998 Winter Olympics official report. Volume 2. pp. 203-5. Accessed 12 December 2010.
  29. ^ "Ski jumping Hill Archive - Pragelato, Stadio del Trampolino". www.skijumpinghills.com ( Ski Jumping Hill Archive 2002-2014 ). Retrieved 2014-02-18. 
  30. ^ "Ski jumping Hill Archive - Whistler". www.skijumpinghills.com ( Ski Jumping Hill Archive 2002-2014 ). Retrieved 2014-02-18. 
  31. ^ "About Ski jumping - Ski Jumping Today". sochi.ru 2014 ( 2014 Organizing Committee of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi ). Retrieved 2014-02-18. 
  32. ^ "Olympic ski jump of Sochi inaugurated". skisprungschanzen.com. 2012-02-19. Retrieved 2014-02-18. 
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