World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of Prime Ministers of Turkey

Article Id: WHEBN0000649557
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of Prime Ministers of Turkey  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Süleyman Demirel, Mesut Yılmaz, Bülent Ecevit, İsmet İnönü, Fethi Okyar
Collection: Lists of Government Ministers of Turkey, Lists of Prime Ministers, Prime Ministers of Turkey
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of Prime Ministers of Turkey

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Turkey

This is a chronological list of Prime Ministers of Turkey, since the establishment of that position in 1920, during the Turkish War of Independence. The Prime Minister is also the head of the Executive Branch of the government along with the Council of Ministers.

The Prime Minister must be approved by a majority of votes (vote of confidence) in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey along with other members of the Cabinet.

Contents

  • List of Prime Ministers of Turkey (1920–present) 1
    • Prime Ministers of the Government of the Grand National Assembly (1920–1923) 1.1
    • Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey (1923–present) 1.2
  • Footnotes 2
  • Timeline 3
  • See also 4

List of Prime Ministers of Turkey (1920–present)

Prime Ministers of the Government of the Grand National Assembly (1920–1923)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of Office Political Party Speaker
(Term)
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
1 3 May 1920 24 January 1921 Republican People's Party Mustafa
Kemal
Atatürk


(1920–1923)
2 Fevzi Çakmak
(1876–1950)
2 24 January 1921 19 May 1921 Republican People's Party
3 19 May 1921 9 July 1922
3 Rauf Orbay
(1881–1964)
4 12 July 1922 4 August 1923 Republican People's Party
4 Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
5 14 August 1923 27 October 1923 Republican People's Party

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey (1923–present)

Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Elected President
(Term)
1 1 İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
1 November 1923 6 March 1924 Republican People's Party 1 İnönü I 1923 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

(1923–1938)
6 March 1924 21 November 1924 2 İnönü II
2 2 Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
21 November 1924 6 March 1925 Republican People's Party 3 Okyar
3 (1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
6 March 1925 1 November 1927 Republican People's Party 4 İnönü III
1 November 1927 27 September 1930 5 İnönü IV
27 September 1930 4 May 1931 6 İnönü V 1927
4 May 1931 1 March 1935 7 İnönü VI 1931
1 March 1935 25 October 1937 8 İnönü VII 1935
4 3 Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
25 October 1937 11 November 1938 Republican People's Party 9 Bayar I
11 November 1938 25 January 1939 10 Bayar II İsmet İnönü

(1938–1950)
5 4 Refik Saydam
(1881–1942)
25 January 1939 3 April 1939 Republican People's Party 11 Saydam I
3 April 1939 8 July 1942[1] 12 Saydam II 1939
Ahmet Fikri Tüzer
(1878–1942)
Acting Prime Minister
8 July 1942 9 July 1942 Republican People's Party
6 5 Şükrü Saracoğlu
(1887–1953)
9 July 1942 9 March 1943 Republican People's Party 13 Saracoğlu I
9 March 1943 7 August 1946 14 Saracoğlu II 1943
7 6 Recep Peker
(1889–1950)
7 August 1946 9 September 1947 Republican People's Party 15 Peker 1946
8 7 Hasan Saka
(1885–1960)
10 September 1947 10 June 1948 Republican People's Party 16 Saka I
10 June 1948 16 January 1949 17 Saka II
9 8 Şemsettin Günaltay
(1883–1961)
16 January 1949 22 May 1950 Republican People's Party 18 Günaltay
10 9 Adnan Menderes
(1899–1961)
22 May 1950 9 March 1951 Democrat Party 19 Menderes I 1950 Celâl Bayar

(1950–1960)
9 March 1951 17 May 1954 20 Menderes II
17 May 1954 9 December 1955 21 Menderes III 1954
9 December 1955 25 November 1957 22 Menderes IV
25 November 1957 27 May 1960[2] 23 Menderes V 1957
11 10 Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
28 May 1960 5 January 1961 Non-party
Military
24 Gürsel I National Unity Committee
(1960–1961)
5 January 1961 7 October 1961 25 Gürsel II
Fahrettin Özdilek
(1898–1989)
Acting Prime Minister
30 October 1961 20 November 1961 Non-party
Military
Cemal Gürsel

(1961–1966)
12 (1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
20 November 1961 25 June 1962 Republican People's Party 26 İnönü VIII 1961
25 June 1962 25 December 1963 27 İnönü IX
25 December 1963 20 February 1965 28 İnönü X
13 11 Suat Hayri Ürgüplü
(1903–1981)
20 February 1965 27 October 1965 Non-party 29 Ürgüplü
14 12 Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
27 October 1965 3 November 1969 Justice Party 30 Demirel I 1965
3 November 1969 6 March 1970 31 Demirel II 1969 Cevdet Sunay

(1966–1973)
6 March 1970 26 March 1971[3] 32 Demirel III
15 13 Nihat Erim
(1912–1980)
26 March 1971 11 December 1971 Non-party 33 Erim I
11 December 1971 17 April 1972 34 Erim II
16 14 Ferit Melen
(1906–1988)
17 April 1972 15 April 1973 Republican Reliance Party 35 Melen
17 15 Naim Talu
(1919–1998)
15 April 1973 25 January 1974 Non-party 36 Talu 1973 Fahri Korutürk

(1973–1980)
18 16 Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
25 January 1974 17 November 1974 Republican People's Party 37 Ecevit I
19 17 Sadi Irmak
(1906–1990)
17 November 1974 31 March 1975 Non-party 38 Irmak
20 (12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
31 March 1975 21 June 1977 Justice Party 39 Demirel IV
21 (16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
21 June 1977 21 July 1977 Republican People's Party 40 Ecevit II 1977
22 (12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
21 July 1977 5 January 1978 Justice Party 41 Demirel V
23 (16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
5 January 1978 12 November 1979 Republican People's Party 42 Ecevit III
24 (12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
12 November 1979 12 September 1980[4] Justice Party 43 Demirel VI
25 18 Bülend Ulusu
(1923–)
20 September 1980 13 December 1983 Non-party
Military
44 Ulusu National Security Council
(1980–1982)
Kenan Evren

(1982–1989)
26 19 Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
13 December 1983 21 December 1987 Motherland Party 45 Özal I 1983
21 December 1987 31 October 1989 46 Özal II 1987
Ali Bozer
(1925–)
Acting Prime Minister
31 October 1989 9 November 1989 Motherland Party
27 20 Yıldırım Akbulut
(1935–)
9 November 1989 23 June 1991 Motherland Party 47 Akbulut Turgut Özal

(1989–1993)
28 21 Mesut Yılmaz
(1947–)
23 June 1991 20 November 1991 Motherland Party 48 Yılmaz I 1991
29 (12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
20 November 1991 16 May 1993 True Path Party 49 Demirel VII
Erdal İnönü
(1926–2007)
Acting Prime Minister
16 May 1993 25 June 1993 Social Democratic Populist Party Süleyman Demirel

(1993–2000)
30 22 Tansu Çiller
(1946–)
25 June 1993 5 October 1995 True Path Party 50 Çiller I
5 October 1995 30 October 1995 51 Çiller II
30 October 1995 6 March 1996 52 Çiller III 1995
31 (21) Mesut Yılmaz
(1947–)
6 March 1996 28 June 1996 Motherland Party 53 Yılmaz II
32 23 Necmettin Erbakan
(1926–2011)
28 June 1996 30 June 1997 Welfare Party 54 Erbakan
33 (21) Mesut Yılmaz
(1947–)
30 June 1997 11 January 1999 Motherland Party 55 Yılmaz III
34 (16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
11 January 1999 28 May 1999 Democratic Left Party 56 Ecevit IV
28 May 1999 18 November 2002 57 Ecevit V 1999 Ahmet Necdet Sezer

(2000–2007)
35 24 Abdullah Gül
(1950–)
18 November 2002 14 March 2003 Justice and Development Party 58 Gül 2002
36 25 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(1954–)
14 March 2003 29 August 2007 Justice and Development Party 59 Erdoğan I
29 August 2007 6 July 2011 60 Erdoğan II 2007 Abdullah Gül

(2007–2014)
6 July 2011 28 August 2014 61 Erdoğan III 2011
37 26 Ahmet Davutoğlu
(1959–)
29 August 2014 28 August 2015 Justice and Development Party 62 Davutoğlu I Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

(2014–)
28 August 2015 Incumbent 63 Davutoğlu II

Footnotes

  1. ^ Died in office.
  2. ^ Deposed in the 1960 Turkish coup d'état.
  3. ^ Resigned after the 1971 Turkish coup d'état.
  4. ^ Deposed in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état.

Timeline

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.