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List of Russian scientists

Mikhail Lomonosov, Russian polymath scientist, inventor, poet and artist, the founder of Moscow State University.

This list of Russian and Soviet scientists includes scientists associated with modern Russian Federation, the Soviet Union, Imperial Russia, Russian Tsardom, and the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

Regardless of ethnicity or emigration, the list includes famous natives of Russia and its predecessor states as well as the people who were born elsewhere but spent most of their active life in Russia.


  • Polymaths 1
  • Earth scientists 2
  • Biologists and paleontologists 3
  • Physicians and psychologists 4
  • Economists and sociologists 5
  • Historians and archeologists 6
  • Linguists and ethnographers 7
  • Mathematicians 8
  • Astronomers and cosmologists 9
  • Physicists 10
  • Chemists and material scientists 11
  • Structural engineers 12
  • Aerospace engineers 13
  • Naval engineers 14
  • Electrical engineers 15
  • Computer scientists 16
  • References 17
  • See also 18


Earth scientists

Biologists and paleontologists

Physicians and psychologists

Economists and sociologists

Historians and archeologists

Linguists and ethnographers


Astronomers and cosmologists


Chemists and material scientists

Structural engineers

Aerospace engineers

Naval engineers

Electrical engineers

Computer scientists


  1. ^ M.A. Blagorazumova, "Collected Scientific Papers of the Theoretical and Clinical Departments of Volgograd Medical Institute [in Russian] (17). 1956.
  2. ^ Andrea Ruzza. Nonpsychotic mental disorder after open heart surgery. Asian Cardiovascular and Thoracic Annals October 16, 2013
  3. ^ Ukrainian doctors which changed the world.

See also

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