List of air operations of the Battle of Europe

Symbols
Luftwaffe
[1]
Polish Air Force
French Air Force
[2]
Regia Aeronautica
Red Army Air Force
Finnish Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
Romanian Air Force
Hungarian Air Force
[3]
Bulgarian Air Force

This World War II timeline of European Air Operations lists notable military events in the skies of the European Theater of Operations of World War II from the Invasion of Poland to Victory in Europe Day. The list includes combined arms operations, defensive anti-aircraft warfare, and encompasses areas within the territorial waters of belligerent European states.[4]

1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945

1939

terror bombing

[5]

Brunsbuttel: two Wellingtons became the first aircraft shot down on the Western Front.

[6]

area bombardment

[7]:20 Not until visual confirmation was made were German fighters launched - they intercepted the bombers after they had dropped bombs.

1940

the first American military officer killed in World War II.

air bombardment to date (300 sorties)--the most intense by World War II Luftwaffe.

[7]:3

Battle of the Netherlands

Vickers threw a "fabulous party"[1]

[8]

[10]

[7]:4

[11]:71

No. 10 Squadron RAF Whitley tail gunner was the first in the RAF to down a German fighter.

[12]:108

[7]:7

June 7–8: French Air Force raid is the first against Berlin.

Germany attains air supremacy in the Battle of France

[2]

RAF Advanced Air Striking Force disbanded after beginning operations in France in May

[7]:15

dehousing bombing policy in 1942.

raid on Berlin

The Blitz bombing of Britain began with 57 nights of air raids

[13]:129

[14]:68

November 30: The second phase of The Blitz began against British industrial and port cities

1941

[13]:396

10 February : Operation Colossus, the first British paratrooper raid, blew up an Italian aqueduct.

blockbuster bomb

Belfast Blitz kills 1000, the greatest loss of British lives outside of London from a night raid

Luftwaffe achieved air superiority by destroying some 2,000 Soviet aircraft, at a loss of only 35 aircraft (of which 15 were non-combat-related).

[15]

[12]:215–219

Bomber Command was subsequently replaced in February 1942.

Oboe navigation system

December 18: Blenheim aircraft conducted the first night intruder attack, successfully striking Soesterberg airfield in the Netherlands with bombs and attacking two German bombers in the air with guns

1942

Boston bomber were conducted.

Essen.

[16]

March 25/26: In the largest force (254 aircraft) sent to a single target to date, bombers of an Essen mission were drawn off by decoy fire from Rheinberg

RAF Bomber Command against a German city.

bomb Hamburg

The Augsburg Raid is the first to attempt low-level daylight bombing for accuracy - in this case against the factory producing engines for U-boats. Half of the 12 bombers were shot down for little damage caused.

York.

[17]

Cologne, Germany. Of the 1,047 aircraft sent, nearly 900 bombed the target area - the whole raid passing over in 90 minutes.

[18]

RAF Bomber Command losses (48 of 1,067 aircraft)

[7]:111

[19]:106,107

[19]:102

[19]:107

August 17: 12 B-17s of the 97 BG (including one with Eaker aboard) bombed the Sotteville railyard 3 miles (4.8 km) North of Rouen, France, in the "first combat action" of the Eighth Air Force and the first B-17 bombing of Europe.

Battle of Stalingrad

[20]:1441

Milan

Kampfgeschwader 200 in September 1943.

Master Bomber tactic.

1943

[19]:107

160 acres destroyed and 53 Krupps buildings bombed at Essen.

[21]

June 23, 1943 RAF reconnaissance photo of Peenemünde Test Stand VII

in Bremen

P-47s are first used for escorting bombers.

Eder Dams

Münster

U-boat facilities.

100 BG B-17 surrendered and then escaped.

V-2 rocket facility.

[19]:110

[22]:145

21 cm Nebelwerfer 42 ground barrage rocket system.

Medals of Honor are awarded to American aircrew.

Bf 109 factory

shuttle bombing. British aircraft operate diversionary attacks.

.

[23]

V-2 rocket bunker

Thorpe Abbotts in England.

Black Thursday) resulted in 122 damaged bombers and 650 MIA/KIA.

[3]

Zadar, Italy

V-2 rocket facility.

H2X radar

"Battle of Berlin" aerial campaign bombing began

bomb Berlin to date (764 aircraft) conducted the most effective World War II raid on Berlin

[22]:149

[24]:29

1944

Baby Blitz

Intruder operation was conducted by P-47s and accurately preceded the bombers to strike fighters at Villaorba airfield.

Handley Page Halifax IIs and Vs were permanently withdrawn from operations to Germany after 14.9% of those that did not turn back were lost on a raid to Leipzig.

Second Raid on Schweinfurt

[19]:113

Battle of Berlin (air) are unsuccessful at "substantially" reducing population and morale

Cantiere Navale Triestino

[9]

Focşani)

Operation Cover bombed transportation and airfield targets in Northern France and "coastal defenses, mainly located in the Pas de Calais coastal area, to deceive the enemy as to the sector to be invaded".

Melun bridge

Panzer Division

The first V-1 was shot down by a fighter

the most for one London event) when a V-1 flying bomb struck Sloane Court East / Turks Row.

[26]

Kiel

General McNair.

[28]

[29]:149

BAT guided bomb

V-2 rocket launches against Paris and London

shuttle bombing was completed as 72 B-17s and 59 P-51s flew from Italy without bombs to the UK; 70 B-17s 57 P-51s land safely in the UK.

Airdrops in aid of the Warsaw Uprising.

1945

defeat of the Luftwaffe

[22]:104

Tuskegee Airmen.

Roland Freisler killed during the raid, as a significant German casualty.

Bombing of Dresden in World War II firestorm consumes the picturesque centre of the city.

[30]

Bielefeld viaduct

[20]:2059

Remagen

Me 262s.

March 22: 200 Piper L-4 Grasshoppers each carried one armed infantryman (instead of an observer) across the Rhine to establish a US 3rd Army bridgehead near Oppenheim.[20]:2068 (light aviation became a major part of the Army Field Artillery fire detection center on June 4, 1942)[19]:104

Operation Plunder

Berchtesgaden.

April: "…at the end of April 1945, the order went out to the squadrons to stop offensive operations. Then the order went out to fill the bomb bays of our [US] bombers with food packages to be delivered to the starving population of the Netherlands. I…watched the crews happily taking off on their last mission of the War, not to kill people but to feed them."(tbd)[3]

attacked 3 ships carrying concentration camp prisoners.

c. May 7: The final European dogfight of World War II between an L-4 Grasshopper (using .45 caliber pistols) and a German Fieseler Fi 156 Storch forced the German aircrew to land and surrender.

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b Irving, David (1964). The Mare's Nest. London: William Kimber and Co. pp. p223. ISBN .  NOTE: V-2 rocket air operations were conducted by various German Army units, but operational orders were issued by a Joint Services (OKW) command.
  2. ^ a b c d "Campaign Diary". Royal Air Force Bomber Command 60th Anniversary. UK Crown. Retrieved 2009-03-22. 
    1940: May-June (Battle of France) July-December June-October (Battle of Britain)
    1941: January-April May-August September- December
    1942: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
    1943: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
    1944: January, February March, April, May, June(D-Day), July, August, September, October, November, December
    1945 January, February, March, April
  3. ^ a b McKillop, Jack. "Combat Chronology of the USAAF". Retrieved 2007-05-25. 
    1942: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
    1943: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
    1944: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
    1945: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September
    NOTE: The Chronicles for August 13, 1944 inaccurately list the BATTY mission as an APHRODITE mission
  4. ^ NOTE: Air offensive or defensive operations does not include cargo operations such as Operation Carpetbagger or reconnaissance from air.
  5. ^ tbd. "tbd". tbd. Retrieved tbd. 
  6. ^ tbd. "Lesser Known Facts of WWII Pre-War to 1939, 1940". tbd. Retrieved tbd. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Galland, Adolf (1968 Ninth Printing - paperbound) [1954]. The First and the Last: The Rise and Fall of the German Fighter Forces, 1938–1945. (translated by Mervyn Savill). New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN . 
  8. ^ tbd. "tbd". tbd. Retrieved tbd. 
  9. ^ a b Miller, Donald L. (2006). Masters of the Air: America's Bomber Boys Who Fought the Air War Against Nazi Germany. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 118. ISBN . 
  10. ^ Overy, Richard (1997). Why the Allies Won. p. 108. ISBN . 
  11. ^ Jablonski, Edward (1971). Volume 1 (Tragic Victories), Book II (The Big League). Airpower. p. 71. 
  12. ^ a b Forrester, Larry (1973) [1956]. Fly for Your Life: The Story of R. R. Stanford Tuck, D.S.O, D.F.C. and Two Bars. Sir Max Aitken (Foreword). Garden City, New York: Nelson Doubleday. ISBN . 
  13. ^ a b Jones, Reginald Victor (1978). Most Secret War. Hamish Hamilton Ltd. ISBN . 
  14. ^ a b Seversky, Alexander P. de (1942). Victory Through Air Power. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. p145. "Destruction of enemy morale from the air can be accomplished only by precision bombing." 
  15. ^ McBride, Gisela R.: Through my eyes: memoirs of Hitler's Berlin. Hamilton Books, 2006, page 209. ISBN 0-7618-3394-3
  16. ^ "Whirlwind: Bombing Germany (September 1939 – April 1944)", The World at War, 1974 
  17. ^ Norddeutscher Rundfunk
  18. ^ http://www.manas.afcent.af.mil/library/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=12790
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h Lang, Walter (1998) [199]. United States Military Almanac: a Chronological Compendium of Over 200 Years of American History. Avenel NJ: Random House. p. 102,106–7. ISBN . 
  20. ^ a b c Bauer, Eddy (original text) (1966) [1972]. Illustrated World War II Encyclopedia. H. S. Stuttman Inc. p. 1478 (Vol 11), 1999 (Vol 15), 2059,2068. ISBN . 
  21. ^ A Shaky Do: The Skoda Works Raid 16/17th April 1943 Peter W.Cunliffe ISBN 978-0955795725
  22. ^ a b c Russell, Francis; et al. (1981). The Secret War. World War II. Chicago: Time-Life Books Inc. p. 104,145,149. ISBN . 
  23. ^ Middlebrook, Martin (1982). The Peenemünde Raid: The Night of 17–18 August 1943. New York: Bobs-Merrill. ISBN . 
  24. ^ Zaloga, Steven J. (2008) [2007]. German V-Weapon Sites 1943-45. Fortress Study Group (72). Johnson, Hugh & Taylor, Chris (Illustrations). New York: Osprey Publishing Ltd. ISBN . 
  25. ^ Hill, Roderic (October 19, 1948). Air Operations by Air Defence of Great Britain and Fighter Command in Connection with the German Flying Bomb and Rocket Offensives, 1944–1945. 
  26. ^ Collier, Basil (1976) [1964]. The Battle of the V-Weapons, 1944–1945. Yorkshire: The Emfield Press. pp. p174. ISBN . 
  27. ^ Levine, Alan J (1992). The Strategic Bombing of Germany, 1940–1945. p. p140. ISBN . Retrieved 2006-06-30. 
  28. ^ Radinger, Will and Walter Schick. (1996). 'Me 262 (in German). Berlin: Avantic Verlag GmbH. p. 51. 
  29. ISBN . Retrieved 2006-06-30. 
  30. ^ "1944 air raids". Historisches Centrum Hagen. historisches-centrum.de. Retrieved 2009-06-24.  1944, 1945
Bibliography

External links

External images

1939 · 1940 · 1941 · 1942 · 1943 · 1944 · 1945

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