World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of joint US-Bulgarian military bases

Article Id: WHEBN0013659906
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of joint US-Bulgarian military bases  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bulgaria, Lists of military installations, List of United States Army installations, United States Air Forces in Europe, Graf Ignatievo, Bulgarian Air Force, Forward Operating Site, Bezmer Air Base, Novo Selo Range, Aitos Logistics Center
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of joint US-Bulgarian military bases

Bulgarian–American Joint Military Facilities were established by a Defence Cooperation Agreement signed by the United States and Bulgaria in April 2006. Under the agreement, U.S. forces will train at these bases, which remain under Bulgarian command and under the Bulgarian flag.


On April 28, 2006, in Sofia, Bulgarian Foreign Minister Ivaylo Kalfin and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice signed a Defense Cooperation Agreement (DCA), which includes the range, order, and conditions of the shared use of several military facilities on Bulgarian territory. On May 26, 2006, the Bulgarian Parliament ratified the Defense Cooperation Agreement and the Bulgarian State Gazette published the Ratification Law on June 6, 2006.

The Defense Cooperation Agreement entered into force on June 12, 2006. Additional agreements, concerning the specifics of the Defense Cooperation Agreement implementation, are expected to be finalized in 2007.

The U.S. has also signed a similar agreement with Romania and the U.S. military units deployed to both Bulgaria and Romania will be known as Joint Task Force East.[1] Joint US-Bulgarian military bases established according to the 2006 Defense Cooperation Agreement between the United States and Bulgaria:

Under the agreement, no more than 2,500 U.S. military personnel will be located at the joint military facilities. Most training rotations will have small numbers and will be of short duration. During such a rotation, there might be brief periods when there are two groups of 2500 soldiers at one time in Bulgaria. The soldiers will not have family members with them.

Possible types of units are armor, mechanized infantry, airborne infantry or light infantry. The type of equipment they will use will depend on the unit and the training requirements.[1]

The treaty also allows the US to use the bases "for missions in third country without a specific authorization from Bulgarian authorities".[2] The U.S. Embassy has said that Bulgaria and the United States will consult about all aspects of the use of the facilities and training areas.[1]

The Bezmer Air Base is expected to become one of the major US strategic airfields overseas, housing American combat aircraft.[3]

The DCA accords immunity to US militaries protecting them from any juridical pursuits against them in this country.[2] However, in cases of particular importance to Bulgarian authorities that waiver of primary Bulgarian criminal jurisdiction may be recalled (Paragraph 1, Article X of the Defense Cooperation Agreement). The U.S. Embassy has said that the agreement builds on the NATO Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA). Bulgaria retains the right to exercise its jurisdiction when it is in Bulgaria's interest. In other cases, the United States will exercise jurisdiction over U.S. military and civilian personnel.[1]

Bulgarian Government position on the Defense Cooperation Agreement

On Friday, November 4, 2005, in a speech delivered at Sofia's National Palace of Culture (NDK), Bulgaria's Prime Minister Sergey Stanishev stated, "I would like to also note that the strategic partnership with the U.S. is defined for Bulgaria by our NATO commitments as well as the agenda of the transatlantic dialogue. … The issue of the shared military facilities in Bulgaria comes also within the context of our bilateral strategic partnership. We believe the proposals for transformation of the military forces and U.S. command in Europe, including the establishment of a rotating brigade stationed in Bulgaria and Romania, address adequately the new risks and security threats as well as Bulgaria's interests and the need for stronger cooperation."

On May 21, 2006, Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov called the Defense Cooperation Agreement with the U.S. "a strategic investment in the security of our country…".[1]

Another agreement with Romania permits the U.S. to use the Mihail Kogălniceanu base and another one nearby.[2]

See also


External links

  • US-Bulgarian Defense Cooperation Agreement
  • Bulgarian air bases
  • The Six Most Important U.S. Military Bases
  • Bulgaria: Bezmer and adjacent regions — Guide for American military
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.