List of past presumed highest mountains

The following is a list of mountains that have been presumed, at one time, to be the highest mountain in the world. How general the following presumptions were is unclear. Before the age of exploration, no geographer could make any plausible assumption.

  • Chimborazo, 6,267 metres (20,561 ft). Presumed highest from sixteenth century until the beginning of the 19th century. Not in the top 100 highest mountains.
  • Nanda Devi, 7,816 metres (25,643 ft). Presumed highest in the world before Kangchenjunga was sighted in an era when Nepal was still closed to the outside world. Now known to be the 23rd highest mountain in the world.
  • Dhaulagiri, 8,167 metres (26,795 ft). Presumed highest from 1808[1] until 1838. Now known to be the 7th highest mountain in the world.
  • Kangchenjunga, 8,586 metres (28,169 ft). Presumed highest from 1838 until 1852. Now known to be the 3rd highest mountain in the world.
  • Mount Everest, 8,848 metres (29,029 ft). Established as highest in 1852 and officially confirmed in 1856.[2]
  • [3] This erroneous figure was quickly retracted, and K2's status as second highest was reaffirmed.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Waller, Derek J. (2004). The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia. University Press of Kentucky. p. 174.  
  2. ^ "The tallest mountain in the world". Allen's Indian Mail. 6 October 1856. p. 574. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Ian. "Which is taller, Mt. Everest or K2?".  

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