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List of political parties in South Korea

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Korea

This article lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a multi-party system[1][2][3][4] in which political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.


  • Current Parties 1
    • Main Parties 1.1
    • Extra-Parliamentary Parties 1.2
  • Defunct Parties 2
    • Conservative Parties 2.1
      • Mainstream parties 2.1.1
      • Minor parties 2.1.2
    • Liberal Parties 2.2
      • Mainstream parties 2.2.1
      • Minor parties 2.2.2
    • Progressive Parties 2.3
    • Green Parties 2.4
    • Illegal/Banned Parties 2.5
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Current Parties

Main Parties

As of October 2015, there are three political parties present in the 19th National Assembly:

Party Number of Seats in
the National Assembly
Party Leader Floor Leader Position Comments Status
  Saenuri Party (SP) New Frontier Party
새누리당 / 새누리黨
159 Kim Moo-sung Won Yoo-chul Centre-right
see: Conservatism in South Korea
Conservative; formerly called the Grand National Party.
Ruling party
  New Politics Alliance for Democracy (NPAD)
새정치민주연합 / 새政治民主聯合
Sae-jeongchi Minju Yeonhap
128 Moon Jae-in Lee Jong-kul Centre to Centre-left
see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; merged from the Democratic Party (11) and the minor New Political Vision Party.
Justice Party (JP)
정의당 / 正義黨
5 Sim Sang-jung Jung Jin-hoo Centre-left See: Progressivism in South Korea
Progressive; splintered from the Unified Progressive Party.


  1. All data are current as of 12 October 2015.
  2. As of 12 October 2015 the total number of representatives is 297.
  3. As of 12 October 2015 five representatives are independents.

Extra-Parliamentary Parties

Defunct Parties

Timeline of all mainstream political parties

Conservative Parties

Mainstream parties

Minor parties

Liberal Parties

Mainstream parties

Minor parties

Progressive Parties

Green Parties

Illegal/Banned Parties

See also


  1. ^ The Economist, June 5, 2008, South Korea: Summer of discontent -- President Lee Myung-bak's first 100 days have not gone according to plan, Accessed Oct 19, 2013, “...none of South Korea's political parties seems to be trusted by a public concerned about rising prices and the uncertain economic outlook...”
  2. ^ The Economist, April 1, 2004, Print edition, South Korea: South by south-east: Regionalism could be on its way out, Accessed Oct 19, 2013, “...The Millennium Democratic Party (MDP), ... has traditionally had its stronghold in the Cholla region, while the conservative Grand National Party (GNP), ...”
  3. ^ The Economist, print edition, April 11, 2008, South Korea's election: A narrow victory for the business-friendly centre-right, Accessed Oct 19, 2013, Note: four parties are listed in this article about the 2008 election: “...The centre-right Grand National Party (GNP) ... The Liberty Forward Party (LFP), ... won 18 seats. ... United Democratic Party (UDP). ... won 152 seats in 2004, ... United New Democratic Party (UNDP) ...”
  4. ^ The New York Times, August 21, 2006, Post-Koizumi, dream of a two-party system, Accessed Oct. 18, 2013, quote: “...This is positive. A two-party system isn't here yet, but it's a kind of dream we have...”
  5. ^ Manyin, Mark E. (2003), South Korean Politics and Rising "Anti-Americanism": Implications for U.S. Policy Toward North Korea (PDF), Congressional Research Service 
  6. ^ The Economist, print edition, April 11, 2008, South Korea's election: A narrow victory for the business-friendly centre-right, Accessed Oct 19, 2013.
  7. ^ Cronin, Patrick M. (2009), Global Strategic Assessment 2009: America's Security Role in a Changing World, INSS 
  8. ^ Global Security: Japan and Korea; Tenth Report of Session 2007-08,  
  9. ^ Klassen, Thomas R. (2013), Korea's Retirement Predicament: The Ageing Tiger, Routledge, p. 12 
  10. ^ Kang, Jiwon (2014-03-02). "[강지원의 뉴스! 정면승부] "국가지도자 추구하는 안철수, 의원 2명인 곳에서 뜻 펼치긴 어려워"-민주당 설훈 의원" (in Korean). YTN. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  11. ^ Chae, Jongwon (2014-03-31). 안보·경제민주화 양축…金·安 공동대표 가능성 (in Korean). Maeil Economy. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  12. ^ Yonhap News Agency, December 19, 2014, [2], “...South Korea's Constitutional Court on Friday ordered the dissolution of a pro-North Korean minor opposition party...”
  • The present state of registered political parties, National Election Commission of S. Korea.
  • The present state of political parties registration, National Election Commission of S. Korea, May 29, 2008.
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