World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lithophaga lithophaga

Article Id: WHEBN0018068416
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lithophaga lithophaga  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Polbo á feira, Portuguese oyster, Auckland oyster, Ostrea angasi, Austrovenus stutchburyi
Collection: Animals Described in 1758, Croatian Cuisine, Edible Molluscs, Lithophaga
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Lithophaga lithophaga

Lithophaga lithophaga
Lithophaga lithophaga boring into marine rocks
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Pteriomorphia
Order: Mytiloida
Family: Mytilidae
Genus: Lithophaga
Species: L. lithophaga
Binomial name
Lithophaga lithophaga
(Linnaeus, 1758[1]

Lithophaga lithophaga, also known as date shells or date mussels,[2] are a species of Bivalvia. They can be found in northeast Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.[3] They are found on the Adriatic coast of Croatia and Montenegro under the name prstaci.[4] They bore into marine rocks, producing a boring called Gastrochaenolites.

Several governments have restricted the collection of these shells or even made it wholly illegal, in order to protect the rocks on which they are found. The extraction of the shells from the rocks leads to desertification of the coast. These countries include Croatia,[5] Italy,[3] Slovenia,[6] France,[7] Greece,[3] Montenegro,[3] and others, including participants in the Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention)[8] and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).[2][6] As of 2004, its population distributed over the Turkish coastline is not considered to be under threat.[3]

Historically these shells are considered a delicacy, cooked and served in a broth of white wine, garlic and parsley.


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b c d e
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^
  8. ^

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.