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Title: Logicians  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mohism, History of logic, Mozi, Logic in China, Gongsun, List of Chinese philosophers, List of ancient Chinese
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


"Logicians" redirects here. For people who study logic, see Logic.

The Logicians or School of Names (Chinese: 名家; pinyin: Míngjiā) was a school of Chinese philosophy that grew out of Mohism during the Warring States period in 479–221 BCE. It is also sometimes called the School of Forms and Names (Chinese: 形名家; pinyin: Xíngmíngjiā; Wade–Giles: Hsing2-ming2-chia1).[1]

Their philosophy is often considered to be akin to those of the sophists or of the dialecticians. Needham notes that their works have been lost, except for the partially preserved Kungsun Lung Tzu, and except for the paradoxes of Chapter 33 of the Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu).[2] Needham also notes that the disappearance of the greater part of Gongsun Longzi (Kungsun Lung Tzu) must be considered one of the worst losses in the ancient Chinese books, as what remains is said to reach the highest point of ancient Chinese philosophical writing.[1]


See also

  • History of logic
  • Mozi
  • Solomon, Bernard S., On the School of Names in Ancient China (Monumenta Serica Monograph Series LXIV), ISBN 978-3-8050-0610-1


  • Fraser, Chris. "School of Names." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  • Graham, A.C., Disputers of the Tao: Philosophical Argument in Ancient China (Open Court 1993). ISBN 0-8126-9087-7

Template:Chinese philosophy

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