World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Loie Fuller

Loïe Fuller in 1900.

Loie Fuller (also Loïe Fuller; January 15, 1862 – January 1, 1928) was an American dancer who was a pioneer of both modern dance and theatrical lighting techniques.


  • Career 1
  • Continuing influence 2
  • Written works 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Born Marie Louise Fuller in the Chicago suburb of Fullersburg, now Hinsdale, Illinois, Fuller began her theatrical career as a professional child actress and later choreographed and performed dances in burlesque (as a skirt dancer), vaudeville, and circus shows. An early free dance practitioner, Fuller developed her own natural movement and improvisation techniques. Fuller combined her choreography with silk costumes illuminated by multi-coloured lighting of her own design.

Portrait of Loïe Fuller, by Frederick Glasier, 1902.

Although Fuller became famous in America through works such as the serpentine dance (1891), she felt that she was not taken seriously by the public who still thought of her as an actress. Her warm reception in Paris during a European tour persuaded Fuller to remain in France and continue her work. A regular performer at the Folies Bergère with works such as Fire Dance, Fuller became the embodiment of the Art Nouveau movement. An 1896 film of the Serpentine Dance[1] by the pioneering film-makers Auguste and Louis Lumière gives a hint of what her performance was like. (The unknown dancer in the film is often mistakenly identified as Fuller herself.)

Loïe Fuller at the Folies Bergère, poster by PAL (Jean de Paléologue).

Fuller's pioneering work attracted the attention, respect, and friendship of many French artists and scientists, including Jules Chéret, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, François-Raoul Larche, Henri-Pierre Roché, Auguste Rodin, Franz von Stuck, Maurice Denis, Thomas Theodor Heine, Koloman Moser, Demetre Chiparus, Stéphane Mallarmé, and Marie Curie.

Fuller held many patents related to stage lighting including chemical compounds for creating color gel and the use of chemical salts for luminescent lighting and garments (stage costumes US Patent 518347).[2] Fuller was also a member of the French Astronomical Society.

Fuller supported other pioneering performers, such as fellow U.S.-born dancer Isadora Duncan. Fuller helped Duncan ignite her European career in 1902 by sponsoring independent concerts in Vienna and Budapest.[3]

Loie Fuller's original stage name was "Louie". In modern French "L'ouïe" is the word for a sense of hearing. When Fuller reached Paris she gained a nickname which was a pun on "Louie"/"L'ouïe". She was renamed "Loïe" - this nickname is a corruption of the early or Medieval French "L'oïe", a precursor to "L'ouïe", which means "receptiveness" or "understanding". She was also referred to by the nickname "Lo Lo Fuller".

Loie Fuller in a 1902 film directed by Segundo de Chomón.

Romanian Art Déco Period Sculptor Demétre Chiparus[4](Dorohoi 1886 - 1947 Paris) did in bronze and ivory the iconic piece "Danseuse au cerceau" or "Ring Dancer" in 1928 inspired in the famous and prodigious dancer Zoula de Boncza of the Parisian Folies Bergère, a first dancer of The Belgrado Royal Opera and a Mime dancer of the Opéra-Comique in Paris. Later in life Zoula de Boncza, descendant of Polish nobility and one of Fuller's best students, created a book published in 1961: the dance method "La Danse classique sans barre".[5]

Fuller formed a close friendship with Queen Marie of Romania; their extensive correspondence has been published. Fuller, through a connection at the U.S. embassy in Paris played a role in arranging a U.S. loan for Romania during World War I. Later, during the period when the future Carol II of Romania was alienated from the Romanian royal family and living in Paris with his mistress Magda Lupescu, she befriended them; they were unaware of her connection to Carol's mother Marie. Fuller initially advocated to Marie on behalf of the couple, but later schemed unsuccessfully with Marie to separate Carol from Lupescu.[6] With Queen Marie and American businessman Samuel Hill, Fuller helped found the Maryhill Museum of Art in rural Washington State, which has permanent exhibits about her career.

Fuller occasionally returned to America to stage performances by her students, the "Fullerets" or Muses, but spent the end of her life in Paris where she died of pneumonia on January 1, 1928, at the age of 65. She was cremated and her ashes are interred in the columbarium at Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. Her sister, Mollie Fuller, had a long career as an actress and vaudeville performer.[7]

Continuing influence

Fuller depicted by Koloman Moser (1901).
Fuller painted by Toulouse-Lautrec.
Poster featuring Loïe Fuller at the Folies Bergères by Jules Chéret.

Fuller's work has been experiencing a resurgence of professional and public interest. Rhonda K. Garelick's 2009 study entitled Electric Salome demonstrates her centrality not only to dance, but also modernist performance.[8] Sally R. Sommer has written extensively about Fuller's life and times[9] Marcia and Richard Current published a biography entitled Loie Fuller, Goddess of Light in 1997.[10] The philosopher Jacques Rancière devoted a chapter of Aisthesis, his history of modern aesthetics, to Fuller's 1893 performances in Paris, which he considers emblematic of Art Nouveau in their attempt to link artistic and technological invention.[11] And Giovanni Lista compiled a 680-page book of Fuller-inspired art work and texts in Loïe Fuller, Danseuse de la Belle Epoque, 1994.[12]

Fuller continues to be an influence on contemporary choreographers. One example is Jody Sperling who re-imagines Fuller's genre from a contemporary perspective.[2] Another is Ann Cooper Albright, who collaborated with a lighting designer on a series of works that drew inspiration from Fuller’s original lighting design patents.[13] Shela Xoregos choreographed a tribute, La Loȉe, a solo which shows several of Fuller's special effects.

Written works

Fuller's autobiographical memoir Quinze ans de ma vie was written in French and published by F. Juven (Paris) in 1908 with an introduction by Anatole France. She drafted her memoirs again in English a few years later, which were published under the title Fifteen Years of a Dancer's Life by H. Jenkins (London) in 1913. The New York Public Library Jerome Robbins Dance Collection holds the nearly complete manuscript to the English edition and materials related to the French edition.[14]

See also


  1. ^ "'Serpentine Dance' by the Lumière brothers". YouTube
  2. ^ Marie louise fuller - US 518347, Patents.
  3. ^ Au, Susan (2002). Ballet and Modern Dance. New York, NY: Thames and Hudson. p. 90.  
  4. ^ Demetre Chiparus
  5. ^ La Danse classique sans barre: Méthode Zoula de Boncza, de l'Opéra-Comique, 1961.
  6. ^ Easterman, A.L., King Carol, Hitler, and Lupescu, London: Victor Gollancz (1942), pp. 28–32, 58–61.
  7. ^ Who's Who on the Stage: Volume 1, 1910, p. 102, Walter Browne (ed.), Frederick Arnold Austin.
  8. ^ Rhonda K. Garlick, Electric Salome: Loie Fuller's Performance of Modernism, Princeton University Press, February 2009, ISBN 9780691141091.
  9. ^ Loie Fuller: From the Theater of Popular Entertainment to the Parisian Avant-Garde. Dissertation. New York, Department of Drama New York University, 1979.
  10. ^ Richard Nelson Current and Marcia Ewing Current, Loie Fuller: Goddess of Light, Northeastern University Press, May 1997, ISBN 1-55553-309-4.
  11. ^ Jacques Rancière, Aisthesis: Scenes from the Aesthetic Regime of Art, trans. Zakir Paul, Verso, 2013, 93-109.
  12. ^ Giovanni Lista, Loïe Fuller, danseuse de la Belle Epoque, Hermann (Paris, 2006), ISBN 2-7056-6625-7 (in French).
  13. ^ "Dancing with Light". Loie Fuller.
  14. ^ The New York Public Library, Register of the Loie Fuller Papers, 1892-1913, scope and content note.

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.