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London Passenger Transport Board

London Passenger Transport Board
London Passenger Transport Area
Formation 1933 (London Passenger Transport Act 1933)
Extinction 1948 (Transport Act 1947)
Type Public body
Purpose Transport authority
Headquarters 55 Broadway, Westminster, London
Region served
London and within 30 miles (48 km) of Charing Cross

The London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) was the organisation responsible for local public transport in London, UK, and its environs from 1933 to 1948. In common with all London transport authorities from 1933 to 2000, the public name and brand was London Transport.

Contents

  • History 1
  • The board 2
    • Members 2.1
  • London Passenger Transport Area 3
  • Responsibilities 4
    • Railways 4.1
    • Tramways 4.2
    • Buses and coaches 4.3
  • Further history 5
  • Sources 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

The LPTB was set up by the London Passenger Transport Act 1933 enacted on 13 April 1933.[1] The bill was introduced by Herbert Morrison, who was Transport Minister in the Labour Government until 1931. As a hybrid bill it had been possible to allow the legislation to roll over into the new parliament under the incoming National Government. Although heavily populated by Conservatives, the new government decided to continue with the bill with no serious changes, despite its extensive transfer of private undertakings into the public sector. On 1 July 1933 the LPTB came into being, covering the "London Passenger Transport Area".[1]

The board

The LPTB had a chairman and six other members. The members were chosen jointly by five "appointing trustees" listed in the Act:

The Act required that the board members should be "persons who have had wide experience, and have shown capacity, in transport, industrial, commercial or financial matters or in the conduct of public affairs and, in the case of two members, shall be persons who have had not less than six years' experience in local government within the London Passenger Transport Area."[2]

The first chairman and vice-chairman were Lord Ashfield and Frank Pick, who had held similar positions with the Underground Group. Members of the board had a term of office of between three and seven years, and were eligible for reappointment.

Members

  • Lord Ashfield 1933–1947[2][3]
  • Frank Pick 1933–1940[2][3]
  • Sir John Gilbert (London County Council) 1933–1934[2]
  • Sir Edward Holland (Surrey County Council) 1933–1939[2][4][5]
  • Patrick Ashley-Cooper, director of the Bank of England, latterly Sir Patrick and Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company[2]
  • Sir Henry Maybury, civil engineer, chairman of the London and Home Counties Traffic Advisory Committee, 1933–1943[2]
  • John Cliff, secretary of the Transport and General Workers Union, 1933–1947[2]
  • Charles Latham, (London County Council) 1935–1947[6][7]
  • Colonel Forester Clayton, 1939–1947[8]
  • William Charles Henry Whitney (co founder)

Latham and Cliff become chairman and vice-chairman of the successor London Transport Executive in 1947.

London Passenger Transport Area

The London Passenger Transport Area had an approximate radius of 30 miles (48 km) from Charing Cross, extending beyond the boundaries of what later officially became Greater London to Baldock in the north, Brentwood in the east, Horsham in the south and High Wycombe in the west.

London Passenger Transport Area 1933–1947

The London Passenger Transport Area is outlined in red, with the LPTB "special area", in which it had a monopoly of local road public transport, shown by a broken black line. The boundary of the Metropolitan Police District at the time is shown as a blue broken line, and the County of London is shaded in grey. Roads over which the LPTB was allowed to run services outside its area are shown by broken red lines.

Within the special area services operated by the LPTB did not need road service licences, and no person or undertaking was allowed to provide a public road service without written permission from the LPTB. In the London Passenger Transport Area outside the special area the LPTB was required to hold road service licences.[9]

Responsibilities

Under the Act the LPTB acquired the following concerns:

Railways

Tramways

Buses and coaches

  • London General, London General Country Services, Overground, Tilling & British Automobile Traction, Green Line Coaches

Further history

The LPTB was empowered to enter into co-ordination agreements with the main line railway companies concerning their suburban services.

Ninety-two transport and ancillary undertakings, with a capital of approximately £120 million, came under the LPTB. Central buses, trolleybuses, underground trains and trams were painted in "Underground" and "London General" red, coaches and country buses in green, with coaches branded "Green Line". Already in use on most of the tube system, "UNDERGROUND" branding was extended to all lines and stations. The name was said to have been coined by Albert Stanley, 1st Baron Ashfield in 1908 when he was General Manager of the Underground Group.

The LPTB embarked on a massive capital investment programme that extended services and reconstructed many existing assets, mostly under the umbrella of the 1935–1940 "New Works Programme". It involved extensions to the Central, Bakerloo, Northern and Metropolitan lines; new trains and maintenance depots; extensive rebuilding of many central area stations (such as Aldgate East); and replacement of much of the tram network by what was to become one of the world's largest trolleybus systems. During this period two icons of London Transport were first seen – 1938 tube stock trains and the RT-type bus. Although curtailed and delayed by the outbreak of World War Two, the programme delivered much of the present Underground system.

The LPTB continued to develop the highest traditions of corporate identity, design and commercial advertising that had been put in place by the Underground Group. This included stations designed by Charles Holden; bus garages by architects such as Wallis, Gilbert & Partners; and more humble structures such as bus stops and shelters. The posters and advertising issued by the LPTB were often of exemplary quality and are still much sought after.

The LPTB was replaced in 1948 by the London Transport Executive under the Transport Act 1947. It was effectively nationalised, but with considerable autonomy. The LPTB continued to exist as a legal entity until wound up on 23 December 1949.[11]

Sources

  • T C Barker and Michael Robbins, A History of London Transport, Volume two – the Twentieth Century to 1970, George Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1974

References

  1. ^ a b Cooke, B.W.C., ed. (September 1964). "The Why and the Wherefore: London Transport Board".  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Plummer, Alfred (November 1933). "The London Passenger Transport Act of 1933: A New Socialization". The Quarterly Journal of Economics 48 (1): 181–193.  
  3. ^ a b LPTB Chairman, The Times, 18 April 1940
  4. ^ Obituaries: Sir John Gilbert, The Times, 24 December 1934
  5. ^ Obituary: Sir Edward Holland, The Times, 28 December 1939
  6. ^ New member of LPTB, The Times, 26 January 1935
  7. ^ LPTB appointments, The Times, 10 December 1937
  8. ^ LPTB appointments, The Times, 14 March 1939
  9. ^ The History of British Bus Services, John Hibbs, Second Edition, Newton Abbot, 1979
  10. ^ London's Trams and Trolleybuses, John R. Day, published by London Transport 1979
  11. ^ "Main-Line Companies Dissolved".  

External links

  • The Railway Archive – London Passenger Transport Act, 1933 (25 MB)
Preceded by
Various other
London public transport authority
1933–1948
Succeeded by
London Transport Executive
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