World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Looking Glass Studios

Looking Glass Studios
Industry Interactive entertainment
Founded 1990
Defunct May 24, 2000
Headquarters Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Key people
Paul Neurath (co-founder)
Ned Lerner (co-founder)
Doug Church
Warren Spector
Website (archived, last version of 2000-06-20)

Looking Glass Studios was a computer game development company during the 1990s. Their games were regarded for demonstrating innovative gameplay, pioneering physics simulation, and well-written, engaging stories. Their best known game franchises were Ultima Underworld, System Shock and Thief.


  • History 1
  • People 2
  • List of titles 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The company originally formed as Looking Glass Technologies in 1990, when Blue Sky Productions and Lerner Research merged. Originally based in Lexington, Massachusetts, in 1994 the company moved to Cambridge. A significant number of Looking Glass personnel were MIT graduates. Looking Glass also had satellite offices in Redmond, Washington,[1] Austin, TX and Huntington Beach, California.

In 1997, the company merged with Intermetrics, Inc[2] to become Intermetrics Entertainment Software, LLC. Intermetrics became AverStar after it acquired Pacer Infotech in February 1998. In March 1999, Intermetrics divested Looking Glass Studios Inc.[3]

The company went out of business on May 24, 2000 during a financial crisis related to their publisher at the time, Eidos Interactive. Warren Spector managed to move many Looking Glass Studios employees over to Ion Storm Austin.

After the company folded, people from Looking Glass went on to work at Ion Storm, Irrational Games, Harmonix, Mad Doc Software, Arkane Studios, Westwood Studios, Valve, and to found Floodgate Entertainment and Digital Eel, amongst other later studios.

Ion Storm Austin developed Deus Ex and Deus Ex: Invisible War, the first two games in the Deus Ex series, and Thief: Deadly Shadows, the third game in the Thief series.

Arkane Studios went on to develop Arx Fatalis (a dungeon crawling game that bore heavy resemblance to Looking Glass' cult series Ultima Underworld), Dark Messiah of Might and Magic (co-designed by Floodgate) and Dishonored.


Ex-Looking Glass personnel have worked on such games as Deus Ex, Guitar Hero, Rock Band, Half-Life 2, Freedom Force, The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion, Fallout 3, BioShock, Empire Earth II, Boom Blox, Star Trek: Armada II and Weird Worlds: Return to Infinite Space, among others.

The following people worked on projects with Looking Glass Studios (by no means an all-inclusive list):

List of titles

Early Looking Glass Studios logo

As Lerner Research

As Blue Sky Productions

As Looking Glass Studios


  1. ^ "Company Fact Sheet". Looking Glass Studios, Inc. Archived from the original on 2000-03-08. Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  2. ^ Nicholas Valtz. "Intermetrics and Looking Glass Studios Merge Computer Game Operations to Form Multimedia Powerhouse". Intermetrics, Inc. Archived from the original on 1999-11-03. Retrieved 2008-09-25. 
  3. ^ "Averstar Inc · S-1/A".  

External links

  • Looking Glass Studios profile from MobyGames
  • An illustrated history of Looking Glass Studios from
  • To all the fans and supporters of LookingGlass: Final message from Looking Glass Studios website, from
  • Article on the closure of Looking Glass from IGN PC
  • Through The Looking Glass: Honoring the Legacy of Looking Glass Studios from
  • "Reasons for the Fall: A Post-Mortem On Looking Glass Studios" from
  • Final Days a photographic tribute to LGS employees, particularly on the last day of the company's existence
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.