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Louis the Stammerer

Louis the Stammerer
King of Western Francia
14th century depiction of Louis's coronation
Reign 877–879
Coronation 8 December 877 in Compiègne
Predecessor Charles II
Successor Louis III and Carloman II
Spouse Ansgarde of Burgundy
Adelaide of Paris
Issue Louis III of France
Carloman II
Hildegarde of France
Gisela of France
Ermentrude of France
Charles the Simple
House Carolingian
Father Charles the Bald
Mother Ermentrude of Orléans
Born (846-11-01)1 November 846
Died 10 April 879(879-04-10) (aged 32)
Burial Saint-Corneille Abbey, Compiègne, France,

Louis the Stammerer (French: Louis le Bègue) (1 November 846 – 10 April 879) was the King of Aquitaine and later King of West Francia. He was the eldest son of Charles the Bald and Ermentrude of Orléans. During the peace negotiations between his father and Erispoe of Brittany, Louis was betrothed to an unnamed daughter of Erispoe in 856. It is not known if this was the same daughter who later married Gurivant. The contract was broken in 857 upon Erispoe's murder.

He succeeded his younger brother in Aquitaine in 866 and his father in West Francia in 877, though he was never crowned Emperor. In the French monarchial system, he is considered Louis II.

Denier of Louis II

Twice married, he and his first wife, Ansgarde of Burgundy, had two sons: Louis (born in 863) and Carloman (born in 866), both of whom became kings of France, and two daughters: Hildegarde (born in 864) and Gisela (865–884), who married Robert, Count of Troyes.

With his second wife, Adelaide of Paris, he had one daughter, Ermentrude (875–914) – who was the mother of Cunigunde, wife of the Count Palatine Wigerich of Bidgau; they were the ancestors of the House of Luxemburg —, and a posthumous son, Charles the Simple, who would become, long after his elder brothers' deaths, king of France.

He was crowned on 8 December 877 by Hincmar, archbishop of Rheims, and was crowned a second time in September 878 by Pope John VIII at Troyes while the pope was attending a council there. The pope may even have offered the imperial crown, but it was declined. Louis the Stammerer was said to be physically weak and outlived his father by only two years. He had relatively little impact on politics. He was described "a simple and sweet man, a lover of peace, justice, and religion". In 878, he gave the counties of Barcelona, Girona, and Besalú to Wilfred the Hairy. His final act was to march against the Vikings who were then the scourge of Europe. He fell ill and died on 9 April or 10 April 879 not long after beginning his final campaign. On his death, his realms were divided between his two sons, Carloman and Louis.

Ancestry

References

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Louis the Stammerer
Born: 1 November 846 Died: 10 April 879
Preceded by
Charles III
King of Aquitaine
866–877
Vacant
Title next held by
Ranulf II
Preceded by
Charles II
King of Western Francia
877–879
Succeeded by
Louis III and Carloman
New title Counts of Meaux
862–877
Succeeded by
Theodebert
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