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Lucrezia Bori

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Title: Lucrezia Bori  
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Subject: Pasquale Amato, Lucrezia, Bori, Giuseppe Verdi, Lyric soprano
Collection: 1887 Births, 1960 Deaths, Operatic Sopranos, People from Valencia, Spanish Female Singers, Spanish Opera Singers, Valencian Musicians
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Lucrezia Bori

Lucrezia Bori
From Giuseppe Verdi's La traviata, sung by Lucrezia Bori in 1910 for Edison Records.

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Lucrezia Bori (24 December 1887 – 14 May 1960) was a Spanish operatic singer, a lyric soprano and a tireless and effective fundraiser for the Metropolitan Opera.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Recordings 2
  • References 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • External links 5

Biography

Lucrezia Bori was born on December 24, 1887, in

External links

  • The Last Prima Donnas, by Lanfranco Rasponi, Alfred A Knopf, 1982. ISBN 0-394-52153-6

Bibliography

  1. ^ a b c d e Catalano, Julie (1993). Diane Telgen; Jim Kamp, eds. "Lucrezia Bori" in Notable Hispanic American Women. Gale Research, Inc. pp. 58–59.  
  2. ^ a b c d "'"Lucrezia Bori Dies, Famed Opera Singer Of Met 'Golden Age (PDF). Philadelphia Inquirer. 1960-05-15. Retrieved 2014-07-19. 
  3. ^ a b "Only Singing Phase of Her Career Is Ended, Lucrezia Bori Insists". New York Times. 1936-03-30. p. 16. 
  4. ^ Paul Jackson (1992). Saturday Afternoons at the Old Met: The Metropolitan Opera Broadcasts, 1931-1950. Amadeus Press. p. 60.  
  5. ^ H. Howard Taubman (1936-03-30). "Metropolitan Pays Homage to Bori As Diva Sings Farewell to Stage". New York Times. p. 1. 
  6. ^ Joseph Horowitz (2005). Classical Music in America: A History of Its Rise and Fall. W.W. Norton. pp. 363–64.  
  7. ^ a b c Braggiotti, Mary (1943-10-25). "La Bori's in Tune With Times" (PDF). New York Evening Post. Retrieved 2014-07-19. 
  8. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1939). New York City Guide; American Guide Series. Random House, New York, Printed for the Federal Writers' Project, 1939. pp. 324–25.  
  9. ^ "Lucrezia Bori, Soprano, Dead; Was a 'Met' Star for 24 Years". New York Times. 1960-05-15. p. 1. 
  10. ^ "Lucrezia Bori Reveals Part Radio Listeners Are Playing to Keep Metropolitan Doors Open Next Season". New York Times. 1933-03-26. 
  11. ^ "Pleas For Opera Win Wide Replies; About 2,000 Letters Daily Reaching Lucrezia Bori". New York Times. 1933-03-01. 
  12. ^ "Opera Saved As Benefit Nets $30,000" (PDF). Brookly Daily Eagle. 1933-04-29. Retrieved 2014-07-19. 
  13. ^ "H. Howard Taubman (1936-03-30). "Metropolitan Pays Homage to Bori As Diva Sings Farewell to Stage". New York Times. p. 1. 
  14. ^ "Opera Heads Laud Bori for Campaign". New York Times. 1933-05-01. 
  15. ^ "Opera Group Asks New Fund Support; Lucrezia Bori's Committee". New York Times. 1934-03-09. 
  16. ^ "Miss Lucrezia Bori Now On Opera Board". New York Times. 1935-05-28. 
  17. ^ Steane, John Barry. Historic vocal Lucrezia Bori Opera and Operetta Arias, Volumes 1 and 2. Lucrezia Bori (sop) with various artists, The Gramophone, November 1996, p. 54. Accessed 27 February 2012

References

Bori's recordings of "El Jilguerito con Pico de Oro" (Blas de Laserna) and arias de "Acis y Galatea" (Literes) with George Copeland (piano) were published on a compilation CD, named Great Voices of the Century Sing Exotica, published by SanCtuS Recordings, on which Bori appears in the context of other great voices of her time.

Bori's complete Victor recordings were published on four compact discs by Romophone in 1995, numbers 81016-2 and 81017-2,[17] with transfers and audio restoration by Ward Marston, who is planning a re-issue of her complete Edison recordings in his own Marstonrecords label. Live recordings (airchecks) also exist of her farewell gala at the Met on 29 March 1936.

Recordings

Bori suffered a cerebral hemorrhage on May 2, 1960, and died in Roosevelt Hospital on May 14. She had never married, believing that artists should not do so.[1][2][7]

Bori continued to perform in recitals and record for some years after her Metropolitan retirement; she can be heard, for example, in "off-the-air" recordings of a Hollywood Bowl concert from 1937, singing "Si, Mi Chiamano Mimi" and "O Soave Fanciulla" with Tenor Joseph Bentonelli, with the LA Philharmonic under Otto Klemperer. After her retirement from singing she was named chairman of the Metropolitan Opera Guild. Under her leadership the Guild collected musical instruments for military hospitals and performed other war activities as well as boosting opera throughout the country.[7]

Her farewell gala on March 29, 1936 was one of the great events at the Metropolitan. Bori sang scenes from Manon and La traviata, with contributions from Flagstad, Melchior, Rethberg, Pinza, Ponselle, Martinelli, Tibbett and Richard Crooks.

From 1933 to 1935 Bori served as chair of the "Maintain the Metropolitan" committee which had succeeded the "Save the Metropolitan" committee. To assure the viability of the 1934-35 opera season, this committee raised an amount approximately equal to the sum raised the previous year.[15] In 1935, she was the first performer to be elected to the Board of Directors of the Metropolitan Opera Association. In joining the board she continued to sit on its opera management committee.[16]

In May 1933, the chairman of the Metropolitan board publicly thanked Bori, saying she had accomplished a feat that was thought to be impossible. He said she "took command of the situation and applied to the fulfillment of the purpose in hand the same qualities of imagination and genius which have, in her own work made her one of the greatest artists of all time."[14]

[13][12][11][10][9][8][7] During this period of fundraising, she continued to carry out an arduous schedule of performance. It took only two months to raise the $300,000 that was needed.[6][1] Beginning late in 1932, Bori began a career as fundraiser. When the

Her career at the Metropolitan Opera began in the summer of 1910 during the Met's first visit to Paris. On June 9 of that year she replaced a singer who had become ill in the role of Manon in Puccini's Manon Lescaut. On the opening night of the 1912-13 season, she made her debut with the Met in New York when she sang Manon opposite Enrico Caruso.[2] In 1915 she was forced to stop singing for a surgical operation to remove nodes on her vocal cords. Following a lengthy convalescence, she returned to the stage in 1921. During the course of her career with the Opera, she appeared a total of 654 times and sang the leading role in 39 operas. She was famous for her portrayals of Manon in Massenet's opera; Mimì in La bohème; Fiora in L' amore dei trè rè; Mélisande in Pelléas et Mélisande; and Violetta in La traviata.[1][2][4][5]

Her voice had a unique timbre and transparent quality unlike any present-day singer. She studied in Milan with Vidal and made her debut at the Teatro Adriano in Rome as Micaëla in Bizet's Carmen on October 31, 1908. In December, 1910, she made her debut at La Scala as Carolina in Il Matrimonio Segreto and the following year, she sang Octavian in the Italian premiere of Der Rosenkavalier there.[1][3]

[3][2][1]

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