World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lun Bawang language

Article Id: WHEBN0019622672
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lun Bawang language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sarawak, Brunei, Bornean languages, Languages of Brunei, Burmeso language
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Lun Bawang language

Lun Bawang
Lundayeh
Southern Murut
Collection of words in English and translation in Ida'an, Bisaya and Adang Murut (Lun Bawang) in 1860 by Spencer St.John
Native to Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia
Region Sarawak, Sabah, Temburong, East Kalimantan
Native speakers
48,000, not counting Putoh  (2007 in Indonesia; no date Malaysia)[1]
Dialects
Lun Dayeh
Lun Bawang
Language codes
ISO 639-3 lndinclusive code
Individual code:
put – Putoh
}
  Geographical distribution of Lun Bawang/Lundayeh speakers

The language spoken by the Lun Bawangs (or Lundayeh) belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian family. The first published material written fully in the Lun Bawang language is a translation of the Bible in 1982, which is called Bala Luk Do.[2] A Lun Bawang–English dictionary was constructed in 1969 by the University of Washington.[3] A dialect of the Lun Bawang language, Kemaloh Lundayeh, was recently (2006) compiled into a bilingual dictionary of Lundayeh language and English.[4] The Lun Bawang language is mainly an oral language. There is very little printed written material in this language that was not written by missionaries or linguists. The oral culture of the Lun Bawang people is changing though, with the accessibility of the Internet and Facebook. Putoh may be the same language.[1]

Examples

Lord's Prayer (Our Father)

O Taman kai luk bang surga, dó ngadan-Mu uen ngerayeh. Idi imet-Mu uen ngaching, idi luk pian-Mu mangun bang taná kudeng bang surga. Maré nekai acho sini akan luk petap. Idi maré dó ratnan amung-amung baleh kai mepad kudeng kai pangeh nemaré ddó ratnan amung-amung baleh dulun. Idi aleg nguit nekai amé bang luk nutun, iamdó muit nekai ratnan luk dat. Amen. Ngacheku Iko luk kuan imet idi lalud idi rayeh maching ruked-ruked peh. Amen.

Translation:

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our sins, as we forgive those who sin against us. Do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen. For the kingdom, the power, and the glory, are Yours now and forever. Amen.

Phonology

There are 6 vowels, 18 consonants and 5 diphthongs in the Lun Bawang language.[5]

Table of consonant phonemes of Lun Bawang
Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-
Alveolar
Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m /m/ n /n/ ng /ŋ/
Plosive p /p/ b /b/ t /t̪/ d /d̪/ k /k/ g /ɡ/ /ʔ/
Affricate c /tʃ/
Fricative s /s/ /ɣ/ h /h/
Approximant l /l/ r /r/ y /j/ w /w/
Table of vowel phonemes of Lun Bawang
Height Front Central Back
Close i /i/ u /u/
Mid e /e, ɛ/ e /ə/ o /o, ɔ/
Open a /a/
Table diphthongs of Lun Bawang
Orthography IPA
ai /ai̯/
au /au̯/
ia /i̯a/
ou /ou̯/
ui, oi /ɔʏ̯/

References

  1. ^ a b Lun Bawang at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Putoh at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Peter Martin, ed. (2008), Educational Discourses and Literacy in Brunei Darussalam, 11(2), University of East London, London, UK: The International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, p. 207,  
  3. ^ James L. Deegan, ed. (2006), Report on Anthropological Field Work Among the Lun Bawang (Murut) people of Sarawak 3, Borneo Research Bulletin, p. 14, retrieved 2010-09-25 
  4. ^ Ricky Ganang, Jay Crain and Vicki Pearson-Rounds, ed. (2006), Kemaloh Lundayeh - English Dictionary, Sacramento, USA: CSU Sacramento, retrieved 2010-09-25 
  5. ^ Pelita Brunei - Sastera dan Budaya
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.